Connaught Place, W2

Road in/near Marble Arch, existing between 1807 and now

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(51.51359 -0.16169) 

Connaught Place, W2

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Marble Arch · W2 ·
October
23
2017

Connaught Place is a street near to Marble Arch.

Tyburnia was a name used in the early 19th century for the area - the first part of the Paddington Estate to be built up. It was adopted presumably because ’Tyburn’ was already well known, as a reference to the gallows at Tyburn tree. In the 1870s the name was confined to a fashionable area, bounded on the west by Westbourne and Gloucester terraces, north of Lancaster Gate.

The first building agreement was made in 1807 between the trustees for the beneficial lessees of the Paddington Estate and John Lewis, surgeon, of St. George’s, Hanover Square. Lewis took a lease for 98 years from 1806 of land with a frontage of c. 400 ft. along the Uxbridge road and one of 360 ft. along Edgware Road to the corner of Upper Seymour Street West, a proposed continuation of Marylebone’s Upper Seymour Street. A range of substantial dwellings of the first class facing Hyde Park was to be built by 1812, with second- or third-rate houses along the south side of Upper Seymour’ Street West and mews between in Edinburgh (later Connaught) Place.

Aristocratic patronage was assured from the start. Lewis’s first lease referred to a projected Connaught Street and Edinburgh Mews (built as Stanhope Place and Connaught Place), named after George III’s nephew and son-in-law Prince William Frederick who in 1805 had succeeded as duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh and earl of Connaught. The duke apparently had the first house facing Hyde Park, no. 1 Connaught Place, built for Lady Augusta De Ameland, who had married his royal brother-in-law, the duke of Sussex, without parliamentary sanction.

Lewis had built the house by the end of 1807, when Lady Augusta took a 96½ years’ lease, and the 12 other houses of Connaught Place by 1812.

Lady Augusta was one of four residents listed for 1811 and one of ten for 1819, when the others included the earl of Lindsey, Viscount Barnard, Sir Charles Coote, Bt., Sir Robert Wigram, Bt., and the bishop of Exeter. Her house was later occupied by her son Sir Augustus D’Este (1794-1848) and by 1855 nos. 1 and 2 Connaught Place had been united as Arklow House, named after the duke of Sussex’s Irish barony of Arklow. No. 7 (Connaught House) was a residence of Caroline, princess of Wales, in 1814, when her daughter Princess Charlotte briefly sought refuge there. The mansions enjoyed the same prospect as St. George’s Row, where the actress and writer Elizabeth Inchbald lodged from 1810 to 1816 at no. 5 and then at no. 1, in a position claimed as the finest in London.

The tall stuccoed houses of Connaught Place had their principal rooms overlooking the park and were entered from a private road behind. That layout was used by Cockerell some 15 years before Nash adopted it for York Terrace, facing Regent’s Park, and was later to be repeated farther west along the Uxbridge road.

Connaught Place and Mews were lit with gas in 1819.

The head offices of the Premier League and Experian are now located here, as is the Matlock Bank, Mayfair Conference Centre, The Victory Services Club, and various marketing and sales companies such as Jacobs Consultancy, Spencer Stuart, and ZS Associates.

A blue plaque at number 2 records the residence there of Lord Randolph Churchill from 1883 to 1892.

Idina Sackville was living in Connaught Place in 1914.


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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Church of the Annunciation The Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch, is a Church of England parish church designed by Sir Walter Tapper. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Churchill Hotel The Hyatt Regency London - The Churchill is a five star hotel located on Portman Square.
Home House Home House is a Georgian town house at 20 Portman Square.
Marble Arch Marble Arch is a 19th-century white marble faced triumphal arch.
Metropolitan Borough of Westminster The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster was a metropolitan borough in the County of London from 1900 to 1965.
Montagu House Montagu House at 22 Portman Square was a historic London house.
Odeon Marble Arch The Odeon Marble Arch (known as the Regal 1928-1945) was a cinema located opposite Marble Arch monument at the top of Park Lane, with its main entrance on Edgware Road.
Orchard Court Orchard Court is an apartment block off of Portman Square in London. Known in French as Le Verger, it was used during the Second World War as the London base of F section of the Special Operations Executive (SOE).
Somerset House, Park Lane Somerset House was an 18th-century town house on the east side of Park Lane, where it meets Oxford Street, in the Mayfair area of London. It was also known as 40 Park Lane, although a renumbering means that the site is now called 140 Park Lane.
Speakers’ Corner Speakers’ Corner is in the northeast corner of Hyde Park.
St Georges Fields St George’s Fields are a former burial ground of St George’s, Hanover Square, lying between Connaught Street and Bayswater Road.
Tyburn Tyburn was a village of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch and the southern end of Edgware Road.
Western Marble Arch Synagogue The Western Marble Arch Synagogue is a Jewish place of worship in central London.

NEARBY STREETS
Albion Close, W2 Albion Close dates from around 1830.
Albion Mews, W2 Albion Mews is a cobbled cul-de-sac that is approached through an entrance under a building on Albion Street.
Albion Street, W2 Albion Street was laid out over the Pightle field in the late 1820s.
Archery Close, W2 Archery Close is a street in Paddington.
Bakers Mews, W1U Bakers Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Berkeley Mews, W1H Berkeley Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Bilton Towers, W1H Bilton Towers is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Brown Street, W1H Brown Street is a road in the W1H postcode area
Brunswick Mews, W1H Brunswick Mews is a road in the W1H postcode area
Bryanston Mews West, W1H Bryanston Mews West is a road in the W1H postcode area
Bryanston Street, W1C Bryanston Street is a road in the W1C postcode area
Bryanston Street, W1H This is a street in the W1H postcode area
Bryanston Street, W2 Bryanston Street is a road in the W2 postcode area
Burwood Place, W2 Burwood Place is a street in Paddington.
Cambridge Square, W2 Cambridge Square is a road in the W2 postcode area
Castlereagh Street, W1H Castlereagh Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Clarendon Place, W2 Clarendon Place is a street in Paddington.
Clenston Mews, W1H Clenston Mews is a road in the W1H postcode area
Connaught Close, W2 Connaught Close is a cul-de-sac off Connaught Street.
Connaught Square, W2 Connaught Square was the first square of city houses to be built in the Bayswater area.
Connaught Street, W2 Connaught Street is a street in Paddington.
Culross Street, W1K Culross Street is a road in the W1K postcode area
Cumberland Mansions, W1H Cumberland Mansions is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Dunraven Street, W1K Dunraven Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Fitzhardinge House, W1H Residential block
Frederick Close, W2 Frederick Close is a street in Paddington.
George Street, W1H George Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
George Street, W1U George Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
George Street, W2 George Street is a road in the W2 postcode area
Granville Place, W1H Granville Place is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Great Cumberland Place, W1 Great Cumberland Place is one of the streets of London in the W1 postal area.
Great Cumberland Place, W1H Great Cumberland Place is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Green Street, W1K Green Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Hampden Gurney Street, W1H Hampden Gurney Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Hampshire House, W2 Residential block
Harrowby Street, W1H Harrowby Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Hyde Park Crescent, W2 Hyde Park Crescent is a street in Paddington.
Hyde Park Place, W2 Hyde Park Place is a street in Paddington.
Hyde Park Street, W2 Hyde Park Street is a street in Paddington.
Jones Street, W1K Jones Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Kendal Street, W2 Kendal Street is a street in Paddington.
Lees Place, W1K Lees Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Marble Arch, W1H Marble Arch is a major road junction in the West End, surrounding the monument of the same name.
Montagu Street, W1H This is a street in the W1H postcode area
New Quebec Street, W1H New Quebec Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Norfolk Crescent, W2 Norfolk Crescent is a street in Paddington.
North Carriage Drive, W2 North Carriage Drive is a road in the W2 postcode area
North Row, W1K North Row is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Nutford Place, W1H Nutford Place is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Old Quebec Street, W1 Old Quebec Street is a road in the W1 postcode area
Old Quebec Street, W1H Old Quebec Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Orchard Court, W1H Orchard Court is a road in the W1H postcode area
Orchard Street, W1H Orchard Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Orchard Street, W1K Orchard Street is a road in the W1K postcode area
Oxford Square, W2 Oxford Square is a road in the W2 postcode area
Park Lane, W1C Park Lane is a road in the W1C postcode area
Park Steps, W2 Park Steps is a street in Paddington.
Park Street, W1K Park Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Park West Place, W2 Park West Place is a street in Paddington.
Park West, W2 Park West is a street in Paddington.
Porchester Place, W2 Porchester Place is a street in Paddington.
Portman Close, W1U Portman Close is a road in the W1U postcode area
Portman Mews South, W1H Portman Mews South is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Portman Square, W1H Portman Square is a square, part of the Portman Estate, located at the western end of Wigmore Street, which connects it to Cavendish Square to its east.
Portman Street, W1C Portman Street is a road in the W1C postcode area
Portman Street, W1H Portman Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Portsea Mews, W2 Portsea Mews is a street in Paddington.
Portsea Place, W2 Portsea Place is a street in Paddington.
Quadrangle Tower, W2 Quadrangle Tower is a street in Paddington.
Quebec Mews, W1H Quebec Mews is a road in the W1H postcode area
Red Place, W1K Red Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Robert Adam Street, W1U Robert Adam Street was the 1938 renamed Adams Street.
Seymour Street, SE18 A street within the SE18 postcode
Seymour Street, W1H Seymour Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Seymour Street, W2 Seymour Street is a street in Paddington.
Shepards Place, W1K Shepards Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Shepherds Place, W1K Shepherds Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Southwick Place, W2 Southwick Place is a street in Paddington.
St Johns Church, W2 St Johns Church is a street in Paddington.
Stanhope House, W2 Residential block
Stanhope Place, W2 Stanhope Place is a street in Paddington.
Stourcliffe Street, W1H Stourcliffe Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
The Water Gardens, W2 The Water Gardens is a street in Paddington.
Upper Berkeley Street, W1H Upper Berkeley Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Upper Brook Street, W1K Upper Brook Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Upper Grosvenor Street, W1K Upper Grosvenor Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Vincent Court, W1H Vincent Court is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Water Gardens, W2 Water Gardens is a street in Paddington.
Wigmore Street, W1H Wigmore Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Woods Mews, W1K Woods Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.


Marble Arch

Marble Arch station was opened on 30 July 1900 by the Central London Railway.

Like all the original stations on the CLR, Marble Arch was served by lifts to the platforms but the station was reconstructed in the early 1930s to accommodate escalators. This saw the closure of the original station building, designed by the architect Harry Bell Measures, that was situated on the corner of Quebec Street and Oxford Street, and a replacement sub-surface ticket hall opened further to the west. The new arrangements came into use on 15 August 1932. The original surface building was later demolished.

The platforms, originally lined in plain white tiles, were refitted with decorative vitreous enamel panels in 1985. The panel graphics were designed by Annabel Grey.

The station was modernised in 2010 resulting in new finishes in all areas of the station, apart from the retention of various of the decorative enamel panels at platform level.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Montagu House, Portman Square
TUM image id: 1510140427
Portman Square, W1H
TUM image id: 1510141130
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