Hans Crescent, SW1X

Road in/near Knightsbridge, existing between the 1780s and now

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(51.49913 -0.16091) 

Hans Crescent, SW1X

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Fullscreen map
Road · Knightsbridge · SW1X ·
MAY
23
2020

Hans Crescent forms part of an area informally called Hans Town which dates back to the 18th century.

The area later occupied by Hans Crescent was originally covered by a large field called Long Field (or Long Close) and, while until 1842 a larger area including Long Close was copyhold land of the manor of Earl’s Court, in the early seventeenth century Long Close had been part of the very extensive local landholdings of Sir William Blake. Blake died in 1630 and most of the land descended eventually to Harris Thurloe Brace. That estate became called the Alexander or Thurloe estate.

Long Close though was inherited instead by William Browne. It was under Browne’s auspices that development of this area began - the buildings from the corner of Sloane Street and into Brompton Road up to Brompton Place, were first developed between about 1764 and 1793.

Henry Holland, a celebrated architect, was at work in the 1780s and built a street called Exeter Street. He constructed a street not previously planned to join his Exeter Street on Lord Cadogan’s land. New Street was laid out down to connect with Exeter Street (and both together now form Hans Crescent). The west side of New Street was let out to tradesmen in small plots, but two small courts (Richmond Buildings and New Court) were also formed here.

Horwood’s map of 1794 shows building well advanced along both sides of Basil Street, while not long afterwards houses sprang up along Exeter Street and New Street.

In 1799 William Browne settled the whole of Long Close upon his only child, Elizabeth Browne. After her death in 1822 the estate passed to her three sons, and in 1842 they, as the copyhold tenants, sold it for £26,000 to the second Lord Kensington, who was the lord of the manor of Earl’s Court and therefore, in ‘feudal’ terms, their overlord. The copyhold tenure was thereby extinguished, and the property became freehold.

From 1842 until 1888 the Brompton estate, as Long Close was now always called, formed part of the second Lord Kensington’s estate.

The reconstruction of the Brompton estate was contemplated immediately after William Watkins and John Goddard acquired the freehold in 1888. Nearly all the buildings along the frontage to Brompton Road had been converted to retailing, while many of the properties in the side streets and back courts were virtually slums. Brompton Road itself, thanks chiefly to the presence of the expanding Harrods, was beginning to prove a magnet for fashionable shopping, so that handsome ground rents could be expected.

Reconstruction of the whole estate proceeded in stages between about 1892 and 1908, according to the expiry of outstanding leases. New Street (from 1904 part of Hans Crescent) took its character chiefly from Harrods.

The Hans Crescent Hotel was built in 1896 and for decades was one of the most exclusive hotels in London. During the second world war the hotel was acquired by the Ministry of Works, and after the war was accommodation for colonial students. In the early 1970s, the building became the Knightsbridge Crown Court. In 1996, the building was bought by Harrods Estates - extensive renovations included a 25 metre deep basement and a tunnel was constructed linking it to the Harrods store in Knightsbridge. There are now 31 luxury apartments in the building.


Main source: Survey of London | British History Online
Further citations and sources




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Ovington Street, SW3 Ovington Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
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Park Lane, W1C Park Lane is a road in the W1C postcode area
Park Lane, W1J Park Lane is a road in the W1J postcode area
Park Lane, W1K Park Lane is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Park Mansions, SW1X Park Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Park Street, W1K Park Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Passmore Street, SW1W Passmore Street, formerly Union Street, contains a social mix.
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Peninsular Tower, SW7 Peninsular Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
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Policeman’s Walk, W2 Policeman’s Walk is a road in the W2 postcode area
Pont St Mews, SW1X Pont St Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Pont Street Mews, SW1X This is a street in the SW1X postcode area
Pont Street, SW1X Pont Street is a fashionable street in Knightsbridge/Belgravia, not far from the Knightsbridge department store Harrods to the north-west.
Porters Lodge, SW3 Porters Lodge is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Queen’s Gardens, SW1X Queen’s Gardens was developed in about 1768–70.
Radnor Walk, SW3 Radnor Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Ralston Street, SW3 Ralston Street is a road in the SW3 postcode area
Raphael Street, SW1X Raphael Street is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Raphael Street, SW7 Raphael Street is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Rawlings Street, SW3 Rawlings Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Redburn Street, SW3 Redburn Street is a road in the SW3 postcode area
Relton Mews, SW7 Relton Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Rich Lane, SW5 Rich Lane is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Robinson Street, SW3 Robinson Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Rosemoor Street, SW3 This is a street in the SW3 postcode area
Rosetti Studios, SW3 Rosetti Studios is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Rossetti Studios, SW3 Rossetti Studios is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Rotten Row, SW1X Rotten Row is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Royal Avenue, SW3 Royal Avenue is a road in the SW3 postcode area
Royal Hospital Road, SW3 Royal Hospital Road is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Rutland Gardens, SW7 Rutland Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Rutland Street, SW7 Rutland Street is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Sedding Street, SW1W Sedding Street is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Sedding Street, SW1X Sedding Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Shawfield Street, SW3 Shawfield Street is a road in the SW3 postcode area
Shepards Place, W1K Shepards Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Shepherds Place, W1K Shepherds Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Sloane Avenue, SW3 Sloane Avenue is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Sloane Court East, SW1W Sloane Court East is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Sloane Court East, SW3 This is a street in the SW3 postcode area
Sloane Court West, SW3 This is a street in the SW3 postcode area
Sloane Gardens, SW1W Sloane Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Sloane Square, SW1W Sloane Square forms a boundary between the two largest aristocratic estates in London, the Grosvenor Estate and the Cadogan.
Sloane Street, SW1X Sloane Street runs north to south, from Knightsbridge to Sloane Square, taking its name from Sir Hans Sloane, who purchased the surrounding area in 1712.
Sloane Terrace, SW1X Sloane Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Smith Street, SW3 Smith Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Smith Terrace, SW3 Smith Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
South Carriage Drive, SW1X South Carriage Drive is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Sprimont Place, SW3 Sprimont Place is a road in the SW3 postcode area
St Catherine’s Mews, SW3 St Catherine’s Mews is a road in the SW3 postcode area
St. Leonard’s Terrace, SW3 St. Leonard’s Terrace is a road in the SW3 postcode area
Stackhouse Street, SW1X Stackhouse Street is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Studio Place, SW1X Studio Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Symons Street, SW3 Symons Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Tedworth Gardens, SW3 Tedworth Gardens is a road in the SW3 postcode area
Tedworth Square, SW3 Tedworth Square is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Terrace Walk, SW3 Terrace Walk is a road in the SW3 postcode area
The Gateways, SW3 The Gateways is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Tite Street, SW3 Tite Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Trevor Place, SW7 Trevor Place is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Trevor Square, SW7 Trevor Square is a historic private garden square in Knightsbridge.
Trevor Street, SW7 Trevor Street is a road in the SW7 postcode area
Tryon Street, SW3 Tryon Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Upper Brook Street, W1K Upper Brook Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Upper Grosvenor Street, W1K Upper Grosvenor Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Walkway, SW7 Walkway is a road in the SW7 postcode area
Walpole Street, SW3 Walpole Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Walton Street, SW3 Walton Street runs through the heart of Chelsea.
Wellington Square, SW3 Wellington Square is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
West Eaton Place Mews, SW1X West Eaton Place Mews is a road in the SW1X postcode area
West Eaton Place, SW1X West Eaton Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
West Halkin Street, SW1X West Halkin Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
West Road, SW3 West Road is a road in the SW3 postcode area
West Road, SW5 West Road is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Whitehead’s Grove, SW3 This is a street in the SW3 postcode area
Whitehead’s Grove, SW3 This is a street in the SW3 postcode area
Whiteheads Grove, SW3 Whiteheads Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Whittaker Street, SW1W Whittaker Street is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Wilbraham Place, SW1X Wilbraham Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
William Mews, N1 A street within the SW1X postcode
William Mews, SW1X William Mews is a partially redeveloped, private Mews off Lowndes Square.
William Street, SW1X William Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wilton Crescent, SW1X Wilton Crescent is notable for its affluent and politically important list of residents, present and historic.
Wilton Place, SW1X Wilton Place was built in 1825 to connect Belgravia with Knightsbridge.
Wilton Row, SW1X Wilton Row is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wilton Terrace, SW1X Wilton Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wiltshire Close, SW3 Wiltshire Close is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Woodfall Street, SW3 Woodfall Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
Woods Mews, W1K Woods Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Yeomans Row, SW3 Yeomans Row is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.


Queen's Park

Queen's Park lies between Kilburn and Kensal Green, developed from 1875 onwards and named to honour Queen Victoria.

The north of Queen's Park formed part of the parish of Willesden and the southern section formed an exclave of the parish of Chelsea, both in the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. In 1889 the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works that included the southern section of Queen's Park was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London, and in 1900 the anomaly of being administered from Chelsea was removed when the exclave was united with the parish of Paddington. In 1965 both parts of Queen's Park became part of Greater London: the northern section - Queen's Park 'proper' formed part of Brent and the southern section - the Queen's Park Estate - joined the City of Westminster.

Queen's Park, like much of Kilburn, was developed by Solomon Barnett. The two-storey terraced houses east of the park, built between 1895 and 1900, typically have clean, classical lines. Those west of the park, built 1900–05, tend to be more Gothic in style. Barnett's wife was from the West Country, and many of the roads he developed are named either for places she knew (e.g. Torbay, Tiverton, Honiton) or for popular poets of the time (e.g. Tennyson). The first occupants of the area in late Victorian times were typically lower middle class, such as clerks and teachers. Queen's Park is both demographically and architecturally diverse. The streets around the park at the heart of Queens Park are a conservation area.

There is hardly any social housing in the streets around Queens Park itself, and the area was zoned as not suitable for social housing in the 1970s and 1980s as even then house prices were above average for the borough of Brent, which made them unaffordable for local Housing Associations. The main shopping streets of Salusbury Road and Chamberlayne Road have fewer convenience stores and more high-value shops and restaurants. Local schools – some of which struggled to attract the children of wealthier local families in the past – are now over-subscribed. House prices have risen accordingly.

Queen's Park station was first opened by the London and North Western Railway (LNWR) on 2 June 1879 on the main line from London to Birmingham.

Services on the Bakerloo line were extended from Kilburn Park to Queen's Park on 11 February 1915. On 10 May 1915 Bakerloo services began to operate north of Queen's Park as far as Willesden Junction over the recently built Watford DC Line tracks shared with the LNWR. As of December 2013, no mainline services calling at the station and the Watford service has been transferred to London Overground.
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