Neasden

Underground station, existing between the 1880s and now

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(51.554 -0.25) 

Neasden

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Underground station · Neasden · NW10 ·
JANUARY
20
2018

Neasden was first recorded as ’Neasdun’ in AD 939, derived from the Old English neos = ’nose’ and dun = ’hill’.

Neasden could be seen for afar as a ’nose-shaped hill’ in its rural past as it had been a countryside hamlet on the western end of the Dollis Hill ridge. The land was owned by St. Paul’s Cathedral. In medieval times, the village consisted only of several small buildings around the green near the site of the present Neasden roundabout.

In the 15th–17th century the Roberts family were the major landowners in the area. Thomas Roberts erected Neasden House (on the site of the modern Clifford Court) in the reign of Henry VIII. In 1651 Sir William Roberts bought confiscated church lands. After the Restoration the estates were returned to the ownership of the Church but were leased out to the Roberts family. Sir William improved Neasden House and by 1664 it was one of the largest houses in the Willesden parish.

During the 18th century the Nicoll family replaced the Roberts as the dominant family in Neasden. In the 19th century these farmers and moneyers at the Royal Mint wholly owned Neasden House and much of the land in the area.

Neasden was no more than a ‘retired hamlet’ when enclosure was completed in 1823. At this time there were six cottages, four larger houses or farms, a public house and a smithy, grouped around the green. The dwellings include The Grove, which had been bought by a London solicitor named James Hall, and its former outbuilding, which Hall had converted into a house that became known as The Grange.

The Welsh Harp reservoir was completed in 1835 and breached in 1841 with fatalities. It had a dramatic effect on the landscape as the damming of the River Brent put many fields and meadows underwater.

In the early 1850s, Neasden had a population of about 110. In the Victorian times the horse was the main form of transport, and as London grew, the demand for horses in the capital soared in the second half of the 19th century. Neasden farms concentrated on rearing and providing horses for the city. Town work was exhausting and unhealthy for the horses, and in 1886 the RSPCA formed a committee to set up the Home of Rest for Horses with grounds in Sudbury and Neasden, where for a small fee town horses were allowed to graze in the open for a few weeks.

The urbanisation of Neasden began with the arrival of the railway. The first railway running through Neasden — Hendon-Acton and Bedford — St. Pancras was opened for goods traffic in October 1868, with passenger services following soon. In 1875, Dudding Hill, the first station in the area, was opened, and the Metropolitan Railway was extended through Neasden shortly afterwards. Neasden station was opened on Neasden Lane in 1880. New housing, initially for railway workers, was built in the village (particularly around Village Way) with all the streets named after Metropolitan Railway stations in Buckinghamshire.

In 1883, an Anglican mission chapel, St Saviour’s, was set up in the village. Its priest, the Reverend James Mills, became an important and popular figure in late 19th century Neasden. In 1885 Mills took over St Andrew’s, Kingsbury and became vicar of a new parish, Neasden-cum-Kingsbury, created because of the area’s rising population.

Before Mill’s arrival, the only sporting facilities in Neasden had been two packs of foxhounds, both of which had disbanded by 1857. Mills became founder president of Neasden Cricket Club and encouraged musical societies. In 1893 a golf club was founded at Neasden House, however only 10% of its members came from Neasden.

In the 1890s change led to a conscious effort to create a village atmosphere. At this time, the Spotted Dog became a social centre for local people. By 1891 Neasden had a population of 930, half of whom lived in the village. Despite the presence of the village in the west, it was the London end that grew fastest.

In 1893 the Great Central Railway got permission to join up its main line from Nottingham with the Metropolitan. Trains ran on or alongside the Metropolitan track to a terminus at Marylebone (this is now the modern day Chiltern Main Line). The Great Central set up a depot south of the line at Neasden and built houses for its workers (Gresham and Woodheyes roads). The Great Central village was a "singularly isolated and self-contained community" with its own school and single shop, Branch No. 1 of the North West London Co-operative Society. It is now part of a conservation area. There was considerable sporting rivalry between the two railway estates and a football match was played every Good Friday. By the 1930s the two railways employed over 1000 men.

Neasden Hospital was built in 1894 and closed in 1986.

Apart from the railways, Neasden was dominated by agriculture until just before the First World War. In 1911, Neasden’s population had swelled to 2,074. By 1913, light industry at Church End had spread up Neasden Lane as far as the station.

In the 1920s, the building of the North Circular Road, a main arterial route round London, brought another wave of development; it opened in 1922–23. The 1924–25 British Empire Exhibition led to road improvements and the introduction of new bus services. Together with the North Circular Road, it paved the way for a new residential suburb at Neasden. In 1930 Neasden House was part demolished. The last farm in Neasden (covering The Rise, Elm Way and Vicarage Way) was built over in 1935. The Ritz cinema opened in 1935 and Neasden Shopping Parade was opened in 1936, and was considered the most up-to-date in the area. All of Neasden’s older houses were demolished during this period, except for The Grange, and the Spotted Dog was rebuilt in mock-Tudor style. Industries sprung up in the south of the area, and by 1949, Neasden’s population was over 13,000.

The post-war history of Neasden is one of steady decline; local traffic congestion problems necessitated the building of an underpass on the North Circular Road that effectively cut Neasden in half and had a disastrous effect on the shopping centre by making pedestrian access to it difficult. The decline in industry through the 1970s also contributed to the area’s decline. But nonetheless Neasden has survived, largely due to a succession of vibrant immigrant communities keeping the local economy afloat. Neasden Depot continues to be the main storage and maintenance depot for the London Underground’s Metropolitan line (and is also used by trains of the Jubilee line); it is London Underground’s largest depot and as such it is a major local employer.


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THE STREETS OF NEASDEN
Abbeydale Road, NW10 Abbeydale Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Aboyne Road, NW10 Aboyne Road is a street in Willesden.
Aboyne Road, NW2 Aboyne Road is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Agate Close, NW10 Agate Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Alderton Close, NW10 Alderton Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Alric Avenue, NW10 Alric Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Annesley Close, NW10 Annesley Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Ardley Close, NW10 Ardley Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Armstrong Road, NW10 Armstrong Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Artesian Close, NW10 Artesian Close is a street in Willesden.
Aylesbury Street, NW10 Aylesbury Street is a street in Willesden.
Balnacraig Avenue, NW10 Balnacraig Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Beaconsfield Road, NW10 Beaconsfield Road is a street in Willesden.
Bentham Walk, NW10 Bentham Walk is a street in Willesden.
Beresford Avenue, NW10 Beresford Avenue is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Birchen Grove, NW10 Birchen Grove is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Blackmore Drive, NW10 Blackmore Drive is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Braemar Avenue, NW10 Braemar Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Bramshill Road, NW10 Bramshill Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Brentfield Road, NW10 Brentfield Road is a street in Willesden.
Brentfield, NW10 Brentfield is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Brett Crescent, NW10 Brett Crescent is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Broadfields Way, NW10 Broadfields Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Cambridge Close, NW10 Cambridge Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Casselden Road, NW10 Casselden Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Cecil Road, NW10 Cecil Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Central Business Centre, NW10 Central Business Centre is a street in Willesden.
Chelsea Close, NW10 Chelsea Close is a street in Willesden.
Chesham Street, NW10 Chesham Street is a street in Willesden.
Church Road, NW10 Church Road connects the part of Willesden formerly called Church End to Harlesden at Craven Park.
Cobbold Road, NW10 Cobbold Road is a street in Willesden.
Conduit Way, NW10 Conduit Way is a street in Willesden.
Conley Road, NW10 Conley Road is a street in Willesden.
Coombe Road, NW10 Coombe Road is a street in Willesden.
Craven Park Mews, NW10 Craven Park Mews is a street in Willesden.
Craven Road, NW10 Craven Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Crawford Street, NW10 Crawford Street is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Creukhorne Road, NW10 Creukhorne Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Curzon Crescent, NW10 Curzon Crescent is a street in Willesden.
Curzon Cresent, NW10 Curzon Cresent is a street in Willesden.
Disraeli Road, NW10 Disraeli Road is a street in Willesden.
Dog Lane, NW10 Dog Lane is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Drury Way, NW10 Drury Way is a street in Willesden.
Durand Way, NW10 Durand Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Elm Way, NW10 Elm Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Energen Close, NW10 Energen Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Essex Road, NW10 Essex Road is a street in Willesden.
Fawood Avenue, NW10 Fawood Avenue is one of London’s more eccentric namings.
Fortunegate Road, NW10 Fortunegate Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Franklyn Road, NW10 Franklyn Road is a street in Willesden.
Frogmore Estate, NW10 Frogmore Estate is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Garnet Road, NW10 Garnet Road is a street in Willesden.
Gibbons Road, NW10 Gibbons Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Grand Union Canal (Paddington Branch) towpath, NW10 Grand Union Canal (Paddington Branch) towpath is a street in Willesden.
Greenhill Park Medical Centre, NW10 Greenhill Park Medical Centre is a street in Willesden.
Greenwood Terrace, NW10 Greenwood Terrace is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Guilsborough Close, NW10 Guilsborough Close is a street in Willesden.
Handel Place, NW10 Handel Place is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Hannah Close, NW10 Hannah Close is a street in Willesden.
Hardie Close, NW10 Hardie Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Harp Island Close, NW10 Harp Island Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Harrison Road, NW10 Harrison Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Hawkshead Road, NW10 Hawkshead Road is a street in Willesden.
Hazeldean Road, NW10 Hazeldean Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Heron Close, NW10 Heron Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
High Street, NW10 High Street is a street in Willesden.
Highmead Crescent, NW10 Highmead Crescent is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Hilltop Avenue, NW10 Hilltop Avenue is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Jackman Mews, NW2 Jackman Mews is a street in Cricklewood.
James Dudson Court, NW10 James Dudson Court is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Johnson Road, NW10 Johnson Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Kelly Close, NW10 Kelly Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Langdon Court, NW10 Langdon Court is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Lawrence Avenue, NW10 Lawrence Avenue is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Lawrence Way, NW10 Lawrence Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Laxcon Close, NW10 Laxcon Close is a street in Willesden.
Leicester Road, NW10 Leicester Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Leopold Road, NW10 Leopold Road is a street in Willesden.
Lilburne Walk, NW10 Lilburne Walk is a street in Willesden.
London Road, NW10 London Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Lucas Close, NW10 Lucas Close is a street in Willesden.
Lyndhurst Close, NW10 Lyndhurst Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Lynton Close, NW10 Lynton Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Mandela Close, NW10 Mandela Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Marquis Close, NW10 Marquis Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Mayo Road, NW10 Mayo Road is a street in Willesden.
Mead Plat, NW10 Mead Plat is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Meadow Garth, NW10 Meadow Garth is a street in Willesden.
Mordaunt Road, NW10 Mordaunt Road is a street in Willesden.
Morland Gardens, NW10 Morland Gardens was once a street of detached villas.
Neasden Lane North, HA9 Neasden Lane North is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Neasden Lane North, NW10 Neasden Lane North is the extension of Neasden Lane beyond the North Circular Road.
Neasden Lane North, NW9 Neasden Lane North is a road in the NW9 postcode area
Neasden Lane, NW10 Neasden Lane is a street in Willesden.
Neasden Underpass, NW10 Neasden Underpass is a road in the NW10 postcode area
New Crescent Yard, NW10 New Crescent Yard is a street in Willesden.
Nicoll Road, NW10 Nicoll Road is a street in Willesden.
Norbreck Parade, NW10 Norbreck Parade is a street in Willesden.
Normans Close, NW10 Normans Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
North Circular Road, NW10 North Circular Road is a street in Willesden.
Northview Cresent, NW10 Northview Cresent is a street in Willesden.
Oldfield Road, NW10 Oldfield Road is a street in Willesden.
Oliver Business Park, NW10 Oliver Business Park is a street in Willesden.
Oliver Road, NW10 Oliver Road is a street in Willesden.
Owen Way, NW10 Owen Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Park Royal Brewery, NW10 Park Royal Brewery is a street in Willesden.
Pendolino Way, HA0 Pendolino Way is a road in the HA0 postcode area
Pendolino Way, NW10 Pendolino Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Piper Place, NW10 Piper Place is a street in Willesden.
Pitfield Way, NW10 Pitfield Way is a street in Willesden.
Poplars Avenue, NW10 Poplars Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Press Road, NW10 Press Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Priory Gardens, NW10 Priory Gardens is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Prout Grove, NW10 Prout Grove is a street in Willesden.
Quainton Street, NW10 Quainton Street is one of a series of streets named after Metropolitan Railway stations in Buckinghamshire.
Queensbury Road, NW10 Queensbury Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Radford Estate, NW10 Radford Estate is a street in Willesden.
Rainborough Close, NW10 Rainborough Close is a street in Willesden.
Rear St Thomass Road, NW10 Rear St Thomass Road is a street in Willesden.
Redfern Road, NW10 Redfern Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Roundwood Road, NW10 Roundwood Road is a street in Willesden.
Russell Close, NW10 Russell Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Selwyn Road, NW10 Selwyn Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Shakespeare Avenue, NW10 Shakespeare Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Shakespeare Crescent, NW10 Shakespeare Crescent is a street in Willesden.
Shakespeare Cresent, NW10 Shakespeare Cresent is a street in Willesden.
Shelley Road, NW10 Shelley Road runs from Mordaunt Road to Milton Avenue.
Southview Avenue, NW10 Southview Avenue is a street in Willesden.
St Albans Road, NW10 St Albans Road is a street in Willesden.
St Raphael’s Way, NW10 St Raphael’s Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
St Thomass Road, NW10 St Thomass Road is a street in Willesden.
Station Road, NW10 Station Road is a street in Willesden.
Stonebridge, NW10 Stonebridge is a street in Willesden.
Stracey Road, NW10 Stracey Road is a street in Willesden.
Swallow Drive, NW10 Swallow Drive is a street in Willesden.
Tatum Road, NW10 Tatum Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Taylors Lane, NW10 Taylors Lane is a road in the NW10 postcode area
The Rise, NW10 The Rise is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Tillett Close, NW10 Tillett Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Tokyngton Avenue, NW10 Tokyngton Avenue is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Twybridge Way, NW10 Twybridge Way is a street in Willesden.
Tynsdale Road, NW10 Tynsdale Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Verney Street, NW10 Verney Street is a street in Willesden.
Vicarage Way, NW10 Vicarage Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Village Way, NW10 Village Way is a street in Willesden.
Waverley Garden, NW10 Waverley Garden is a street in Willesden.
Wesley Road, NW10 Wesley Road is a street in Willesden.
West Ella Road, NW10 West Ella Road is a street in Willesden.
Western Avenue, NW10 Western Avenue is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Wilmers Court, NW10 Wilmers Court is a street in Willesden.
Winchelsea Road, NW10 Winchelsea Road is a street in Willesden.
Winslow Close, NW10 Winslow Close is a street in Willesden.
Woodheyes Road, NW10 Woodheyes Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Wrights Place, NW10 Wrights Place is a street in Willesden.
Wycombe Road, NW10 Wycombe Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Yewfield Road, NW10 Yewfield Road is a street in Willesden.


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