Museum Street, WC1A

Road in/near Holborn, existing until now

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(51.51762 -0.12538) 

Museum Street, WC1A

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Holborn · WC1A ·
APRIL
21
2020

Museum Street is so-named since it approaches the main entrance of the British Museum.

The British Museum collection dates from 1753 with the building on the site since 1823. However the street dates from before the 14th century. It was a rural lane until the late 17th century when the growth of London caused its urbanisation.

It was at first called Peter Street which may refer to a saltpetre manufacturer which is thought to have existed there. After the area became urban, the road was the site of slum tenements.

An attempt at gentrification saw its name changed to Queen Street. It became home to parish schools for the education of local poor children.

A bookseller called Charles Mudie opened a bookshop and stationers. He explored the possibility of lending books as well as selling them and Mudie’s Select Library proved so popular that, after a decade, it moved out to larger premises. The street then became fashionable area with many of the foremost writers of the day gathering in taverns to converse. The occult Atlantis Bookshop opened on the street in 1922.

On the corner of Great Russell Street is the Museum Tavern, dating to 1723. Until 1762 the pub was called the Dog and Duck - duck hunting was popular in the ponds in the Long Fields behind Montagu House in the 18th century.

The street is now popular for cafes along with the bookshops.


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NEARBY STREETS
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Great Russell Street, WC1B Great Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
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Montague Street, WC1B Montague Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Neal Street, WC2H Neal Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Neals Yard, WC1N Neals Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Neals Yard, WC2H Neals Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
New Compton Street, WC2H New Compton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
New Oxford Street, WC1A New Oxford Street was built in 1840 to ease congestion in St Giles High Street.
New Oxford Street, WC2H New Oxford Street is a road in the WC2H postcode area
New Row, WC2N New Row is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Newport Court, WC2H Newport Court was laid out approximately on the site of the courtyard of Newport House.
Newton Street, WC2B Newton Street is named for Isaac Newton, scientist and mathematician.
Nottingham Court, WC2H Nottingham Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Odhams Walk, WC2H Odhams Walk is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Odonnell Court, WC1N Odonnell Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glocester Street, WC1N Old Glocester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glouster Street, WC1N Old Glouster Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
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Phoenix Street, WC2H Phoenix Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
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Pied Bull Yard, WC1A Pied Bull Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Queen Annes Square, SE1 Queen Annes Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Queen Square, WC1N Queen Square was laid out by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Rose Street, WC2E Rose Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Russell Chambers, WC2E Russell Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Russell Court, WC1H Russell Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Russell Square, WC1B Russell Square was laid out from 1800 by James Burton following the demolition of Bedford House, which originally stood on the site surrounded by gardens and fields.
Russell Square, WC1H Russell Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Russell Street, WC2E Russell Street is a road in the WC2E postcode area
Saint Giles High Street, WC2H This is a street in the WC2H postcode area
Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2N Saint Martin’s Lane is a road in the WC2N postcode area
Saint Martin’s Court, WC2H Saint Martin’s Court is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Seven Dials Court, WC2H Seven Dials Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2H Shaftesbury Avenue was named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, Victorian politician and philanthropist.
Shelton Street, WC2B Shelton Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Shelton Street, WC2H Shelton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Shops Brunswick Centre, WC1N Shops Brunswick Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Shorts Gardens, WC2H Shorts Gardens is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Slingsby Place, WC2E Slingsby Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Sounding Alley, E3 Sounding Alley is a road in the E3 postcode area
Southampton Place, WC1A Southampton Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1B Southampton Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Southampton Street, WC2E Southampton Street - named for Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton and landowner.
Southampton Street, WC2R Southampton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
St Giles High Street, WC2H St Giles High Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
St Martins Court, WC2N St Martins Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
St Martins Lane, WC2H St Martins Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
St Martins Lane, WC2N St Martins Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
St. Georges Road, SE1 A street within the WC1H postcode
Stacey Street, WC2H Stacey Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Stedham Place, WC1A Stedham Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Streatham Street, WC1A Streatham Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Stukeley Street, WC2B Stukeley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Tavistock Square, WC1H Tavistock Square was built by property developer James Burton and the master builder Thomas Cubitt for Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford.
The Market Piazza, WC2E The Market Piazza is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
The Market The Piazza, WC2E The Market The Piazza is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
The Market, WC2E The Market is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
The Piazza, WC2E The Piazza is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Thomas Neal Centre, WC2H Thomas Neal Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Thomas Neal’s shopping centre, WC2H Thomas Neal’s shopping centre is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Thornhaugh Street, WC1B Thornhaugh Street is a street in London
Thornhaugh Street, WC1H Thornhaugh Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Tower Court, WC2H Tower Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Tower Street, WC2H Tower Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Upper St Martin’s Lane, WC2H This is a street in the WC2H postcode area
West Central Street, WC1A West Central Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
West Street, WC2H West Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Willoughby Street, WC1B Willoughby Street was formerly known as both Vine Street and Wooburn Street.
Witley Court, WC1N Witley Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Woburn Mews, WC1H Woburn Mews ran parallel between Woburn Place and Upper Bedford Place to the west of Woburn Place.
Woburn Place, WC1B Woburn Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Woburn Place, WC1H Woburn Place is situated on the Bedford estate, running north from the east of Russell Square to the east of Tavistock Square.


Holborn

Hol^born is both an area and also the name of the area’s principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles’s High Street and Gray’s Inn Road and then Hol^born Viaduct between Hol^born Circus and Newgate Street.

The area’s first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey, by King Edgar, dated to 959. This mentions ’the old wooden church of St Andrew’ (St Andrew, Hol^born). The name Holborn may be derived from the Middle English hol for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet as it ran through a steep valley to the east.

It was at first outside the City’s jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London from 1223, when the City’s jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars where erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival’s Inn, on the northern side.

The Holborn District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place, St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn District and the St Giles District, excluding Glasshouse Yard and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London Borough of Camden.

In the 18th century, Holborn was the location of the infamous Mother Clap’s molly house but in the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues to suit more general tastes: 22 inns or taverns were recorded in the 1860s and the Holborn Empire, originally Weston’s Music Hall, stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz. The theatre premièred the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil, a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour.

Charles Dickens took up residence in Furnival’s Inn, on the site of the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse now named Holborn Bars. Dickens put his character Pip, in Great Expectations, in residence at Barnard’s Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College. Staple Inn, notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn tobacco, is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery. The most northerly of the Inns of Court, Gray’s Inn, is in Holborn, as is Lincoln’s Inn: the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) still reflects that. Subsequently the area diversified and become recognisable as the modern street.

A plaque stands at number 120 commemorating Thomas Earnshaw’s invention of the Marine chronometer, which facilitated long-distance travel. At the corner of Hatton Garden was the old family department store of Gamages. Until 1992, the London Weather Centre was located in the street. The Prudential insurance company relocated in 2002. The Daily Mirror offices used to be directly opposite it, but the site is now occupied by Sainsbury’s head office.

Hatton Garden, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir Christopher Hatton at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr.

In the early 21st century, Holborn has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into an hotel in 1999.

Holborn station is located at the junction of High Holborn and Kingsway. Situated on the Piccadilly and Central Lines, it is the only station common to the two lines, although the two lines also cross each other three times in West London.

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) on 15 December 1906 with the name Holborn (Kingsway). Kingsway was a new road, cutting south from High Holborn through an area of cleared slums to Strand. The suffix was dropped from tube maps in the 1960s.


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