Oxford Street, W1C

Road in/near Marylebone, existing until now

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(51.51392 -0.15299) 

Oxford Street, W1C

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · * · W1K ·
October
24
2017

Oxford Street is Europe’s busiest shopping street, with around half a million daily visitors, and as of 2012 had approximately 300 shops.



Oxford Street follows the route of a Roman road, the Via Trinobantina, which linked Calleva Atrebatum (near Silchester, Hampshire) with Camulodunum (now Colchester) via London and became one of the major routes in and out of the city.

Between the 12th century and 1782, it was variously known as Tyburn Road (after the River Tyburn that ran just to the south of it, and now flows underneath it), Uxbridge Road (this name is still used for the portion of the London-Oxford road between Shepherds Bush and Uxbridge), Worcester Road and Oxford Road. On Ralph Aggas’ "Plan of London", published in the 16th century, the road is described partly as "The Waye to Uxbridge" followed by "Oxford Road", showing rural farmland where the junction of Oxford Street and Rathbone Place now is.

Despite being a major coaching route, there were several obstacles along it, including the bridge over the Tyburn. A turnpike trust was established in the 1730s to improve upkeep of the road. It became notorious as the route taken by prisoners on their final journey from Newgate Prison to the gallows at Tyburn near Marble Arch. Spectators drunkenly jeered at prisoners as they carted along the road, and could buy rope used in the executions from the hangman in taverns. By about 1729, the road had become known as Oxford Street.

The street began to be redeveloped in the 18th century after many of the surrounding fields were purchased by the Earl of Oxford. In 1739, local gardener Thomas Huddle began to build property on the north side. John Rocque’s Map of London, published in 1746, shows urban buildings as far as North Audley Street, but only intermittent rural property thereafter. Buildings began to be erected on the corner of Oxford Street and Davies Street in the 1750s. Further development along the street occurred between 1763 and 1793. The Pantheon, a place for public entertainment, opened at No. 173 in 1772.

The street became popular with entertainers including bear-baiters, theatres and public houses. However, it was not attractive to the middle and upper classes due to the nearby Tyburn gallows and St Giles, then a notorious rookery, or slum. The gallows were removed in 1783, and by the end of the century, Oxford Street was built up from St Giles Circus to Park Lane, containing a mix of residential houses and entertainment. The Princess’s Theatre opened in 1840, and is now the site of Oxford Walk shopping area.

Oxford Street changed character from residential to retail towards the end of the 19th century. Drapers, cobblers and furniture stores began to appear on the street, and were later expanded into the first department stores. Street vendors began to sell tourist souvenirs on the street during this time. A plan of Oxford Street in Tallis’s London Street Views, published in the late 1830s, remarks that almost all the street, save for the far western end, was primarily retail. John Lewis started in 1864 as a small shop at No. 132, while Selfridges opened on 15 March 1909 at No. 400. Most of the southern side of Oxford Street west of Davies Street was completely rebuilt between 1865 and 1890, allowing a more uniform freehold ownership. By the 1930s, the street was almost entirely retail, a position that remains today.

Oxford Street suffered considerable bombing during the Second World War. During the night and early hours of 17 to 18 September 1940, 268 Heinkel He 111 and Dornier Do 17 bombers targeted the West End, particularly Oxford Street. Many buildings were damaged, either from a direct hit or subsequent fires, including four department stores: John Lewis, Selfridges, Bourne & Hollingsworth and Peter Robinson.

Every Christmas, Oxford Street is decorated with festive lights. The tradition of Christmas lights began in 1959, five years after the neighbouring Regent Street. There were no light displays in 1976 or 1977 due to economic recession, but the lights returned in 1978 when Oxford Street organised a laser display, and they have been there every year since.


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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Church of the Annunciation The Church of the Annunciation, Marble Arch, is a Church of England parish church designed by Sir Walter Tapper. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Churchill Hotel The Hyatt Regency London - The Churchill is a five star hotel located on Portman Square.
Home House Home House is a Georgian town house at 20 Portman Square.
Marble Arch Marble Arch is a 19th-century white marble faced triumphal arch.
Montagu House Montagu House at 22 Portman Square was a historic London house.
Odeon Marble Arch The Odeon Marble Arch (known as the Regal 1928-1945) was a cinema located opposite Marble Arch monument at the top of Park Lane, with its main entrance on Edgware Road.
Orchard Court Orchard Court is an apartment block off of Portman Square in London. Known in French as Le Verger, it was used during the Second World War as the London base of F section of the Special Operations Executive (SOE).
Somerset House, Park Lane Somerset House was an 18th-century town house on the east side of Park Lane, where it meets Oxford Street, in the Mayfair area of London. It was also known as 40 Park Lane, although a renumbering means that the site is now called 140 Park Lane.
Speakers’ Corner Speakers’ Corner is in the northeast corner of Hyde Park.
Tyburn Tyburn was a village of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch and the southern end of Edgware Road.
Western Marble Arch Synagogue The Western Marble Arch Synagogue is a Jewish place of worship in central London.

NEARBY STREETS
Adams Row, W1K On the Grosvenor estate, Adams Row extends from South Audley Street to Carlos Place.
Aldburgh Mews, W1U Aldburgh Mews is a road in the W1U postcode area
Avery Row, W1K Avery Row was probably named after Henry Avery, an 18th century bricklayer who built this street over the Tyburn Brook.
Bakers Mews, W1U Bakers Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Balderton Flats, W1K Balderton Flats is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Balderton Street, W1K Balderton Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Barrett Street, W1U Barrett Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Bentinck Mansions, W1U Bentinck Mansions is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Bentinck Mews, W1U Bentinck Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Bentinck Street, W1U Bentinck Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Berkeley Mews, W1H Berkeley Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Bilton Towers, W1H Bilton Towers is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Binney Street, W1K Binney Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Bird Street, W1U Bird Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Blenheim Street, W1S Blenheim Street is one of the streets of London in the W1S postal area.
Bourdon Place, W1K Bourdon Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Bourdon Street, W1K Bourdon Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Brook Street, W1K Brook Street was named after the Tyburn Brook that formerly ran nearby,
Brooks Mews, W1K Brooks Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Brown Hart Gardens, W1K Brown Hart Gardens is a road in the W1K postcode area
Brunswick Mews, W1H Brunswick Mews is a road in the W1H postcode area
Bryanston Square, W1H Bryanston Square is a road in the W1H postcode area
Bryanston Street, W1C Bryanston Street is a road in the W1C postcode area
Bryanston Street, W1H This is a street in the W1H postcode area
Bryanston Street, W2 Bryanston Street is a road in the W2 postcode area
Bulstrode Street, W1G Bulstrode Street is a road in the W1G postcode area
Bulstrode Street, W1U Bulstrode Street runs from Welbeck Street in the east to Thayer Street in the west.
Carlos Place, W1K Carlos Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Cavendish Square, W1G Cavendish Square was laid out in 1717–18 at the beginning of the transformation of Harley family lands in Marylebone.
Cavendish Street, W1G Cavendish Street is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
Culross Street, W1K Culross Street is a road in the W1K postcode area
Cumberland Gate, W1C Cumberland Gate is one of the streets of London in the W1C postal area.
Davies Mews, W1K Davies Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Davies Street, W1J Davies Street is a road in the W1J postcode area
Davies Street, W1K Davies Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Davis Street, W1K Davis Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Dean’s Mews, W1G This is a street in the W1G postcode area
Deans Mews, W1G Deans Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
Dering Street, W1S Dering Street is one of the streets of London in the W1S postal area.
Duke Street, W1K Duke Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Duke Street, W1U Duke Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Dukes Mews, W1U Dukes Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Dunraven Street, W1K Dunraven Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Edwards Mews, W1U Edwards Mews is a road in the W1U postcode area
Fitzhardinge House, W1H Residential block
Fitzhardinge Street, W1H Fitzhardinge Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Gee’s Court, W1U This is a street in the W1U postcode area
Gees Court, W1U Gees Court is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
George Street, W1U George Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Gilbert Street, W1K Gilbert Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Granville Place, W1H Granville Place is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Great Cumberland Place, W1 Great Cumberland Place is one of the streets of London in the W1 postal area.
Great Cumberland Place, W1H Great Cumberland Place is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Green Street, W1K Green Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Grosvenor Hill, W1K Grosvenor Hill is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Grosvenor Square, W1A Grosvenor Square was developed by Sir Richard Grosvenor from 1721 onwards.
Grosvenor Square, W1K Grosvenor Square is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Grosvenor Street, W1K Grosvenor Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Harcourt House, W1G Residential block
Haunch Of Venison Yard, W1K Haunch Of Venison Yard is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Henrietta Place, W1G Henrietta Place is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
Hertford House, W1U Residential block
Hinde Mews, W1U Hinde Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Hinde Street, W1U Hinde Street was built from 1777 by Samuel Adams and named after Jacob Hinde who was the son-in-law of the landwoner Thomas Thayer.
Jacobs Well Mews, W1U Jacobs Well Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
James Street, W1U James Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Jason Court, W1U Jason Court was part of the ancient village of Marylebone.
Jones Street, W1K Jones Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Kendall Place, W1U Kendall Place is a road in the W1U postcode area
Lancashire Court, W1S Lancashire Court is one of the streets of London in the W1S postal area.
Lees Place, W1K Lees Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Lumley Street, W1C Lumley Street is a road in the W1C postcode area
Lumley Street, W1K Lumley Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Manchester Square, W1U Manchester Square is a small but well-preserved Georgian square in Marylebone.
Mandeville Place, E15 Mandeville Place is a road in the E15 postcode area
Mandeville Place, W1U Mandeville Place is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Marble Arch, W1H Marble Arch is a major road junction in the West End, surrounding the monument of the same name.
Marylebone Lane, W1C Marylebone Lane is a road in the W1C postcode area
Marylebone Lane, W1U Marylebone Lane is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Mayfair Mews, SW12 A street within the W1S postcode
Mews Yard, WC2H Mews Yard is a road in the WC2H postcode area
Montagu Square, W1H Montagu Square was built as part of the Portman Estate between 1810 and 1815.
Montagu Street, W1H This is a street in the W1H postcode area
Mount Row, W1K Mount Row was formed from two stable yards.
Mount Street Mews, W1K Mount Street Mews is a road in the W1K postcode area
New Quebec Street, W1H New Quebec Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
North Audley Street, W1K North Audley Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
North Row, W1K North Row is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Old Cavendish Street, W1 Old Cavendish Street is a road in the W1 postcode area
Old Quebec Street, W1 Old Quebec Street is a road in the W1 postcode area
Old Quebec Street, W1H Old Quebec Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Orchard Court, W1H Orchard Court is a road in the W1H postcode area
Orchard Street, W1H Orchard Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Orchard Street, W1K Orchard Street is a road in the W1K postcode area
Park Lane, W1C Park Lane is a road in the W1C postcode area
Park Street, W1K Park Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Picton Place, W1U Picton Place is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Portman Close, W1U Portman Close is a road in the W1U postcode area
Portman Mews South, W1H Portman Mews South is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Portman Square, W1H Portman Square is a square, part of the Portman Estate, located at the western end of Wigmore Street, which connects it to Cavendish Square to its east.
Portman Street, W1C Portman Street is a road in the W1C postcode area
Portman Street, W1H Portman Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Providence Court, W1K This is a street in the W1K postcode area
Quebec Mews, W1H Quebec Mews is a road in the W1H postcode area
Queen Anne Street, W1G Queen Anne Street is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
Red Place, W1K Red Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Robert Adam Street, W1U Robert Adam Street was the 1938 renamed Adams Street.
Rodmarton Street, W1U Rodmarton Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Sandgate Trading Estate, SE15 A street within the W1K postcode
Sedley Place, W1C Sedley Place is one of the streets of London in the W1C postal area.
Sedley Place, W1K Sedley Place is a road in the W1K postcode area
Seymour Mews, W1H Seymour Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Seymour Street, SE18 A street within the SE18 postcode
Seymour Street, W1H Seymour Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Seymour Street, W2 Seymour Street is a street in Paddington.
Shepards Place, W1K Shepards Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Shepherds Place, W1K Shepherds Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
South Molton Lane, W1K South Molton Lane is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
South Molton Street, W1K South Molton Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Spanish Place, W1U Spanish Place is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
St Christophers House, W1U Residential block
St Christophers Place, W1U St Christophers Place is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
St. Anselm’s Place, W1K St. Anselm’s Place is a road in the W1K postcode area
Stratford Place, W1C Stratford Place is one of the streets of London in the W1C postal area.
Thayer Street, W1U Thayer Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Three Kings Yard, W1K Three Kings Yard is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Three Kings’ Yard, W1K This is a street in the W1K postcode area
Upper Berkeley Street, W1H Upper Berkeley Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Upper Brook Street, W1K Upper Brook Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Upper Grosvenor Street, W1K Upper Grosvenor Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Vere Street, W1G Vere Street is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
Weighhouse Street, W1K Weighhouse Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Welbeck Street, W1G Welbeck Street has historically been associated with the medical profession.
Welbeck Way, W1G Welbeck Way is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
West One Shopping Centre, W1C West One Shopping Centre is one of the streets of London in the W1C postal area.
Wigmore Place, E17 A street within the postcode
Wigmore Place, W1U Wigmore Place is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Wigmore Street, W1H Wigmore Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Wigmore Street, W1U Wigmore Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
Wimpole Street, W1G Wimpole Street is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
Woods Mews, W1K Woods Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Woodstock Street, W1C Woodstock Street is one of the streets of London in the W1C postal area.


Marylebone

Marylebone - so good they named it once but pronounced it seven different ways.

Marylebone is an area in the City of Westminster North of Oxford Street and South of Regents Park. Edgware Road forms the Western boundary. Portland Place forms the eastern boundary with the area known as Fitzrovia.

Marylebone gets its name from a church, called St Mary’s, that was built on the bank of a small stream or bourne called the Tyburn. The church and the surrounding area later became known as St Mary at the bourne, which over time became shortened to its present form Marylebone.

Today the area is mostly residential with a stylish High Street. It is also notable for its Arab population on its far western border around Edgware Road.

Marylebone station, opened in 1899, is the youngest of London’s mainline terminal stations, and also one of the smallest, having opened with half the number of platforms originally planned.

Originally the London terminus of the ill-fated Great Central Main Line, it now serves as the terminus of the Chiltern Main Line route.

The underground station is served by the Bakerloo Line, opening on 27 March 1907 by the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway under the name Great Central (following a change from the originally-intended name Lisson Grove). It was renamed Marylebone in 1917.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Montagu House, Portman Square
TUM image id: 1510140427
Portman Square, W1H
TUM image id: 1510141130
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