Connaught Place, W2

Road in/near Queen’s Park, existing between 1807 and now

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Road · * · W2 ·
October
23
2017

Connaught Place is a street near to Marble Arch.

Tyburnia was a name used in the early 19th century for the area - the first part of the Paddington Estate to be built up. It was adopted presumably because ’Tyburn’ was already well known, as a reference to the gallows at Tyburn tree. In the 1870s the name was confined to a fashionable area, bounded on the west by Westbourne and Gloucester terraces, north of Lancaster Gate.

The first building agreement was made in 1807 between the trustees for the beneficial lessees of the Paddington Estate and John Lewis, surgeon, of St. George’s, Hanover Square. Lewis took a lease for 98 years from 1806 of land with a frontage of c. 400 ft. along the Uxbridge road and one of 360 ft. along Edgware Road to the corner of Upper Seymour Street West, a proposed continuation of Marylebone’s Upper Seymour Street. A range of substantial dwellings of the first class facing Hyde Park was to be built by 1812, with second- or third-rate houses along the south side of Upper Seymour’ Street West and mews between in Edinburgh (later Connaught) Place.

Aristocratic patronage was assured from the start. Lewis’s first lease referred to a projected Connaught Street and Edinburgh Mews (built as Stanhope Place and Connaught Place), named after George III’s nephew and son-in-law Prince William Frederick who in 1805 had succeeded as duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh and earl of Connaught. The duke apparently had the first house facing Hyde Park, no. 1 Connaught Place, built for Lady Augusta De Ameland, who had married his royal brother-in-law, the duke of Sussex, without parliamentary sanction.

Lewis had built the house by the end of 1807, when Lady Augusta took a 96½ years’ lease, and the 12 other houses of Connaught Place by 1812.

Lady Augusta was one of four residents listed for 1811 and one of ten for 1819, when the others included the earl of Lindsey, Viscount Barnard, Sir Charles Coote, Bt., Sir Robert Wigram, Bt., and the bishop of Exeter. Her house was later occupied by her son Sir Augustus D’Este (1794-1848) and by 1855 nos. 1 and 2 Connaught Place had been united as Arklow House, named after the duke of Sussex’s Irish barony of Arklow. No. 7 (Connaught House) was a residence of Caroline, princess of Wales, in 1814, when her daughter Princess Charlotte briefly sought refuge there. The mansions enjoyed the same prospect as St. George’s Row, where the actress and writer Elizabeth Inchbald lodged from 1810 to 1816 at no. 5 and then at no. 1, in a position claimed as the finest in London.

The tall stuccoed houses of Connaught Place had their principal rooms overlooking the park and were entered from a private road behind. That layout was used by Cockerell some 15 years before Nash adopted it for York Terrace, facing Regent’s Park, and was later to be repeated farther west along the Uxbridge road.

Connaught Place and Mews were lit with gas in 1819.

The head offices of the Premier League and Experian are now located here, as is the Matlock Bank, Mayfair Conference Centre, The Victory Services Club, and various marketing and sales companies such as Jacobs Consultancy, Spencer Stuart, and ZS Associates.

A blue plaque at number 2 records the residence there of Lord Randolph Churchill from 1883 to 1892.

Idina Sackville was living in Connaught Place in 1914.


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



Justin Russ   
Added: 15 Feb 2021 20:25 GMT   

Binney Street, W1K
Binney St was previously named Thomas Street before the 1950’s. Before the 1840’s (approx.) it was named Bird St both above and below Oxford St.

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Lived here
Julian    
Added: 23 Mar 2021 10:11 GMT   

Dennis Potter
Author Dennis Potter lived in Collingwood House in the 1970’s

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Born here
www.violettrefusis.com   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 15:05 GMT   

Birth place
Violet Trefusis, writer, cosmopolitan intellectual and patron of the Arts was born at 2 Wilton Crescent SW1X.

Source: www.violettrefusis.com

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Born here
Ron Shepherd   
Added: 18 Sep 2021 17:28 GMT   

More Wisdom
Norman Joseph Wisdom was born in St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, West London.

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Comment
Jonathan Penner   
Added: 11 Sep 2021 16:03 GMT   

Pennard Road, W12
My wife and I, young Canadians, lodged at 65 (?) Pennard Road with a fellow named Clive and his girlfriend, Melanie, for about 6 months in 1985. We loved the area and found it extremely convenient.

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Comment
   
Added: 1 Sep 2021 16:58 GMT   

Prefabs!
The "post-war detached houses" mentioned in the description were "prefabs" - self-contained single-storey pre-fabricated dwellings. Demolition of houses on the part that became Senegal Fields was complete by 1964 or 1965.

Source: Prefabs in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia

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Comment
Matthew Moggridge (matthew.moggridge@gmail.com)   
Added: 1 Sep 2021 10:38 GMT   

Lord Chatham’s Ride (does it even exist?)
Just to say that I cycled from my home in Sanderstead to Knockholt Pound at the weekend hoping to ride Lord Chatham’s Ride, but could I find it? No. I rode up Chevening Lane, just past the Three Horseshoes pub and when I reached the end of the road there was a gate and a sign reading "Private, No Entry". I assumed this was the back entrance to Chevening House, country retreat of the Foreign Secretary, and that Lord Chatham’s Ride was inside the grounds. At least that’s what I’m assuming as I ended up following a footpath that led me into some woods with loads of rooted pathways, all very annoying. Does Lord Chatham’s Ride exist and if so, can I ride it, or is it within the grounds of Chevening House and, therefore, out of bounds? Here’s an account of my weekend ride with images, see URL below.

Source: No Visible Lycra: Lord Chatham’s ride: a big disappointmen

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Comment
norma brown   
Added: 20 Aug 2021 21:12 GMT   

my grandparents lived there as well as 2 further generations
my home

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Comment
Ruth   
Added: 6 Aug 2021 13:31 GMT   

Cheltenham Road, SE15
Harris Girls’ Academy, in Homestall Road, just off Cheltenham Road, was formerly Waverley School. Before that it was built as Honor Oak Girls’ Grammar School. It was also the South London Emergency School during WW2,taking girls from various schools in the vicinity, including those returning from being evacuated.

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Comment
Jude Allen   
Added: 29 Jul 2021 07:53 GMT   

Bra top
I jave a jewelled item of clothong worn by a revie girl.
It is red with diamante straps. Inside it jas a label Bermans Revue 16 Orange Street but I cannot find any info online about the revue only that 16 Orange Street used to be a theatre. Does any one know about the revue. I would be intesrested to imagine the wearer of the article and her London life.

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
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Home House Home House is a Georgian town house at 20 Portman Square.
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Marble Arch Marble Arch is a 19th-century white marble faced triumphal arch.
Metropolitan Borough of Westminster The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster was a metropolitan borough in the County of London from 1900 to 1965.
Montagu House Montagu House at 22 Portman Square was a historic London house.
Odeon Marble Arch The Odeon Marble Arch (known as the Regal 1928-1945) was a cinema located opposite Marble Arch monument at the top of Park Lane, with its main entrance on Edgware Road.
Orchard Court Orchard Court is an apartment block off of Portman Square in London. Known in French as Le Verger, it was used during the Second World War as the London base of F section of the Special Operations Executive (SOE).
Somerset House, Park Lane Somerset House was an 18th-century town house on the east side of Park Lane, where it meets Oxford Street, in the Mayfair area of London. It was also known as 40 Park Lane, although a renumbering means that the site is now called 140 Park Lane.
Speakers’ Corner Speakers’ Corner is in the northeast corner of Hyde Park.
St Georges Fields St George’s Fields are a former burial ground of St George’s, Hanover Square, lying between Connaught Street and Bayswater Road.
Tyburn Tyburn was a village of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch and the southern end of Edgware Road.
Western Marble Arch Synagogue The Western Marble Arch Synagogue is a Jewish place of worship in central London.

NEARBY STREETS
Albion Close, W2 Albion Close dates from around 1830.
Albion Mews, W2 Albion Mews is a cobbled cul-de-sac that is approached through an entrance under a building on Albion Street.
Albion Street, W2 Albion Street was laid out over the Pightle field in the late 1820s.
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Baker’s Mews, W1H Baker’s Mews, like nearby Baker Street is named after Edward Baker, friend and business partner of the landowning Portman family.
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Bilton Towers, W1H Bilton Towers is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Brown Street, W1H Brown Street is a road in the W1H postcode area
Brunswick Mews, W1H Brunswick Mews is a road in the W1H postcode area
Bryanston Mews West, W1H Bryanston Mews West is a road in the W1H postcode area
Bryanston Street, W1C Bryanston Street is a road in the W1C postcode area
Bryanston Street, W2 Bryanston Street is a road in the W2 postcode area
Burwood Place, W2 Burwood Place is a street in Paddington.
Cambridge Square, W2 Cambridge Square is a road in the W2 postcode area
Castlereagh Street, W1H Castlereagh Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Clarendon Place, W2 Clarendon Place is a street in Paddington.
Clenston Mews, W1H Clenston Mews is a road in the W1H postcode area
Connaught Close, W2 Connaught Close is a cul-de-sac off Connaught Street.
Connaught Square, W2 Connaught Square was the first square of city houses to be built in the Bayswater area.
Connaught Street, W2 Connaught Street is a street in Paddington.
Culross Street, W1K Culross Street is a road in the W1K postcode area
Cumberland Mansions, W1H Cumberland Mansions is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Dunraven Street, W1K Dunraven Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Fitzhardinge House, W1H Residential block
Frederick Close, W2 Frederick Close is a street in Paddington.
George Street, W1H George Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
George Street, W1U George Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area.
George Street, W2 George Street is a road in the W2 postcode area
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Hampshire House, W2 Residential block
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Hyde Park Crescent, W2 Hyde Park Crescent is a street in Paddington.
Hyde Park Place, W2 Hyde Park Place is a street in Paddington.
Hyde Park Street, W2 Hyde Park Street is a street in Paddington.
Jones Street, W1K Jones Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Kendal Street, W2 Kendal Street is a street in Paddington.
Lees Place, W1K Lees Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Marble Arch, W1H Marble Arch is a major road junction in the West End, surrounding the monument of the same name.
Montagu Street, W1H This is a street in the W1H postcode area
New Quebec Street, W1H New Quebec Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Norfolk Crescent, W2 Norfolk Crescent is a street in Paddington.
North Carriage Drive, W2 North Carriage Drive is a road in the W2 postcode area
North Row, W1K North Row is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Nutford Place, W1H Nutford Place is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Old Quebec Street, W1 Old Quebec Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Orchard Court, W1H Orchard Court is a road in the W1H postcode area
Orchard Street, W1H Orchard Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Orchard Street, W1U Orchard Street is a road in the W1K postcode area
Oxford Square, W2 Oxford Square is a road in the W2 postcode area
Park Lane, W1C Park Lane is a road in the W1C postcode area
Park Steps, W2 Park Steps is a street in Paddington.
Park Street, W1K Park Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Park West Place, W2 Park West Place is a street in Paddington.
Park West, W2 Park West is a street in Paddington.
Porchester Place, W2 Porchester Place is a street in Paddington.
Portman Close, W1U Portman Close is a road in the W1U postcode area
Portman Mews South, W1H Portman Mews South is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Portman Square, W1H Portman Square is a square, part of the Portman Estate, located at the western end of Wigmore Street, which connects it to Cavendish Square to its east.
Portman Street, W1C Portman Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Portman Street, W1K Portman Street is a road in the W1C postcode area
Portsea Mews, W2 Portsea Mews is a street in Paddington.
Portsea Place, W2 Portsea Place is a street in Paddington.
Quadrangle Tower, W2 Quadrangle Tower is a street in Paddington.
Quebec Mews, W1H Quebec Mews is a road in the W1H postcode area
Red Place, W1K Red Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Robert Adam Street, W1U Robert Adam Street was the 1938 renamed Adams Street.
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Shepherds Place, W1K Shepherds Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Southwick Place, W2 Southwick Place is a street in Paddington.
St Johns Church, W2 St Johns Church is a street in Paddington.
Stanhope House, W2 Residential block
Stanhope Place, W2 Stanhope Place is a street in Paddington.
Stourcliffe Street, W1H Stourcliffe Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
The Water Gardens, W2 The Water Gardens is a street in Paddington.
Upper Berkeley Street, W1H Upper Berkeley Street is one of the streets of London in the W1H postal area.
Upper Brook Street, W1K Upper Brook Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Upper Grosvenor Street, W1K Upper Grosvenor Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
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NEARBY PUBS
Apsley House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bonbonniere This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
City Of Quebec This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Duke Of York This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Finos Wine Bar & Restaurant This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Marlborough Head This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Portman This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Three Tuns This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Union This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Queen’s Park

Queen’s Park lies between Kilburn and Kensal Green, developed from 1875 onwards and named to honour Queen Victoria.

The north of Queen’s Park formed part of the parish of Willesden and the southern section formed an exclave of the parish of Chelsea, both in the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. In 1889 the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works that included the southern section of Queen’s Park was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London, and in 1900 the anomaly of being administered from Chelsea was removed when the exclave was united with the parish of Paddington. In 1965 both parts of Queen’s Park became part of Greater London: the northern section - Queen’s Park ’proper’ formed part of Brent and the southern section - the Queen’s Park Estate - joined the City of Westminster.

Queen’s Park, like much of Kilburn, was developed by Solomon Barnett. The two-storey terraced houses east of the park, built between 1895 and 1900, typically have clean, classical lines. Those west of the park, built 1900–05, tend to be more Gothic in style. Barnett’s wife was from the West Country, and many of the roads he developed are named either for places she knew (e.g. Torbay, Tiverton, Honiton) or for popular poets of the time (e.g. Tennyson). The first occupants of the area in late Victorian times were typically lower middle class, such as clerks and teachers. Queen’s Park is both demographically and architecturally diverse. The streets around the park at the heart of Queen’s Park are a conservation area.

There is hardly any social housing in the streets around Queens Park itself, and the area was zoned as not suitable for social housing in the 1970s and 1980s as even then house prices were above average for the borough of Brent, which made them unaffordable for local Housing Associations. The main shopping streets of Salusbury Road and Chamberlayne Road have fewer convenience stores and more high-value shops and restaurants. Local schools – some of which struggled to attract the children of wealthier local families in the past – are now over-subscribed. House prices have risen accordingly.

Queen’s Park station was first opened by the London and North Western Railway on 2 June 1879 on the main line from London to Birmingham.

Services on the Bakerloo line were extended from Kilburn Park to Queen’s Park on 11 February 1915. On 10 May 1915 Bakerloo services began to operate north of Queen’s Park as far as Willesden Junction over the recently built Watford DC Line tracks shared with the LNWR.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Montagu House, Portman Square
TUM image id: 1510140427
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Lisson Green
TUM image id: 1593182694
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Portman Square, W1H
TUM image id: 1510141130
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Grotto Passage
Credit: Wiki Commons
TUM image id: 1604231019
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In the neighbourhood...

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Marble Arch, 2016
Credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=352348
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Somerset House, Park Lane: house (right) and stables (centre) in 1912, from junction of Park Lane and Oxford Street.
Credit: British History Online
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Speaker’s Corner, April 1987 Speakers here at this corner of Hyde Park nearest of Marble Arch may talk on any subject, as long as the police consider their speeches lawful. Contrary to popular belief, there is no immunity from the law, nor are any subjects proscribed, but in practice the police intervene only when they receive a complaint.
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Montagu House, Portman Square
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A view of Tyburn (1750)
Credit: Old and New London: Volume 5. Edward Walford (1878)
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Connaught Square, 2004
Credit: Andrew Dunn,
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Portman Square, W1H
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Shillibeer Place sign
Credit: London Transport Museum
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