Finchley Road, NW3

Road in/near Swiss Cottage, existing between 1835 and now

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Road · Swiss Cottage · NW3 ·
APRIL
10
2019

Finchley Road is one of north London’s main roads.

It was originally named Finchley New Road and it was built as a turnpike to provide a bypass to a much hillier route north through the village of Hampstead. Haverstock Hill and Rosslyn Hill in Hampstead were difficult for horses with carriages to negotiate when muddy.

The Finchley Road Act was passed in 1826 and by 1835, the new turnpike road was complete.

It ran north from what was then called the ’New Road’ (now Euston Road and Marylebone Road). Four miles further north, the road crosses the boundary of Finchley and its name becomes Regents Park Road (after the reverse destination).

Originally there was a tollgate at Childs Hill.

Once it was finished in the 1830s, many large houses were built along it, especially at Fortune Green and Childs Hill.

By 1856 up to ten Atlas Line stagecoaches a day ran along Finchley Road. Atlas Line was based at Swiss Cottage.

Bus services started before 1880. Motor buses had replaced horse omnibuses by 1911.

Today the route follows the A41 which becomes Finchley Road at St. John’s Wood tube station and runs to the North Circular Road, crossing it at Henlys Corner and becoming Regents Park Road.




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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Lived here
Cassandra Green   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 14:34 GMT   

Rudall Crescent, NW3 (- 1999)
I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

Reply
Lived here
Brenda Jackson   
Added: 13 Aug 2017 21:39 GMT   

83 Pembroke Road
My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.

Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his wife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

Apparently the extended family also lived for many years in Alpha Place, Canterbury Road, Peel Road,

Reply

James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:30 GMT   

Kilburn Park - opened 1915
Kilburn Park station was opened at the height of the First World War

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Comment
Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.


Reply
Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:49 GMT   

A bit of a lift....
Kilburn Park was the first station to be designed around escalators, rather than lifts.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT


   
Added: 25 Apr 2022 22:11 GMT   

Southover, N12
Everyone knows Central Woodside is the place to be. Ever since kdog moved from finchtown, Woodside has been thriving.

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Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

Reply

Brian Lynch   
Added: 10 Apr 2022 13:38 GMT   

Staples Mattress Factory
An architect’s design of the Staples Mattress Factory
An image found on the website of Dalzell’s Beds, in Armagh Northern Ireland.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 19 Feb 2022 16:21 GMT   

Harmondsworth (1939 - 1965)
I lived in a house (Lostwithiel) on the Bath Road opposite the junction with Tythe Barn Lane, now a hotel site. Initially, aircraft used one of the diagonal runways directly in line with our house. I attended Sipson Primary School opposite the Three Magpies and celebrated my 21st birthday at The Peggy Bedford in 1959.

Reply

Emma Seif   
Added: 25 Jan 2022 19:06 GMT   

Birth of the Bluestocking Society
In about 1750, Elizabeth Montagu began hosting literary breakfasts in her home at 23 (now 31) Hill Street. These are considered the first meetings of the Bluestocking society.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 14 Jan 2022 03:06 GMT   

Goldbourne Gardens W 10
I lived in Goldbourne Gardens in the 50,s very happy big bomb site

Reply

Chris Nash   
Added: 10 Jan 2022 22:54 GMT   

Shortlands Close, DA17
Shortlands Close and the flats along it were constructed in the mid-1990s. Prior to this, the area was occupied by semi-detached houses with large gardens, which dated from the post-war period and were built on the site of Railway Farm. The farm and its buildings spanned the length of Abbey Road, on the south side of the North Kent Line railway tracks.

Reply

Roy Batham   
Added: 7 Jan 2022 07:17 GMT   

Smithy in Longacre
John Burris 1802-1848 Listed 1841 census as Burroughs was a blacksmith, address just given as Longacre.

Source: Batham/Wiseman - Family Tree

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Central School of Speech and Drama The Royal Central School of Speech & Drama was founded in 1906 to offer a new form of training in speech and drama for young actors and other students.
Finchley Road Finchley Road is on the Jubilee line, between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage and on the Metropolitan line between Baker Street and Wembley Park.
Frognal Bridge Where Frognal meets the Finchley Road, there is an indiscernible dip...
South Hampstead High School South Hampstead High School is an independent day school.
Two streams meet Somewhere beneath the basement of 16 Frognal, NW3 two tributaries of the River Westbourne meet.
Westbourne Pond Westbourne Pond is marked on the 1830 Greenwood map as the source of the Westbourne River.
Winchester Hotel Winchester Hotel was situated at 21a Winchester Road, NW3

NEARBY STREETS
Adamson Road, NW3 Adamson Road is named after either a contractor or architect to Eton College.
Akenside Road, NW3 Akenside Road is a street named after a famous local resident.
Alban House, NW3 Residential block
Arkwright Mansions, NW3 Arkwright Mansions is a location in London.
Baynes Mews, NW3 Baynes Mews is a mews within the conservation area of Belsize Park.
Belsize Crescent, NW3 Belsize Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Lane, NW3 Belsize Lane is a thoroughfare linking Rosslyn Hill with Swiss Cottage.
Belsize Park Mews, NW3 Belsize Park Mews lies in the Belsize Park Conservation Area.
Beswick Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Billy Fury Way, NW3 Billy Fury Way is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Broadhurst Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Broadhurst Gardens, NW6 Broadhurst Gardens is in West Hampstead, NW6
Buckland Crescent, NW3 Buckland Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Campagne Gardens, NW6 Campagne Gardens is a location in London.
Canfield Gardens, NW6 Canfield Gardens was first laid out in 1881.
Canfield Place, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Central Avenue, NW3 Central Avenue is a road in the SW10 postcode area
College Crescent, NW3 College Crescent was built by the Eyre family.
Compayne Gardens, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Daleham Gardens, NW3 Daleham Gardens dates from the 1880s.
Daleham Mews, NW3 Daleham Mews is a mews in Belsize Park.
Dobson Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dresden Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Fairfax Mansions, NW3 Fairfax Mansions is a street in Hampstead.
Fairfax Road, NW6 Fairfax Road runs south from the Finchley Road to Belsize Road.
Fairhazel Gardens, NW6 Fairhazel Gardens runs from Broadhurst Gardens to Goldhurst Terrace.
Frognal Court, NW3 Frognal Court is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal Parade, NW3 Frognal Parade is a parade of shops lying beyond Finchley Road and Frognal station.
Frognal, NW3 A road called Frognal runs from Church Row in Hampstead downhill to Finchley Road and follows the course of a stream which goes on to form the River Westbourne.
Goldhurst Terrace, NW6 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Greencroft Avenue, NW6 Greencroft Avenue is a location in London.
Greencroft Gardens, NW6 Greencroft Gardens dates from 1884-5.
Hampstead Gate, NW3 Hampstead Gate is a street in Hampstead.
Harben Parade, NW3 Harben Parade is a parade of shops along Finchley Road.
Harben Road, NW6 Harben Road was first known as Albion Road.
Jade Terrace, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Lithos Road, NW3 Lithos Road is a part of the NW3 postal area which lies west of the Finchley Road.
Maresfield Gardens, NW3 Maresfield Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Marsfield Gardens, NW3 Marsfield Gardens is a location in London.
Marston Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
McCrone Mews, NW3 McCrone Mews is a mews - formerly the location of a depot of the London Parcel Delivery Company.
Minton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Mora Burnett House, NW3 Mora Burnett House is a location in London.
Naseby Close, NW3 Street/road in London NW6
Naseby Close, NW6 Naseby Close is a location in London.
Netherhall Gardens, NW3 Netherhall Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Netherhall Way, NW3 Netherhall Way is a street in Hampstead.
New College Parade, NW3 New College Parade is a street in Hampstead.
Noel House, NW3 Residential block
Northways Parade, NW3 Northways Parade replaced New College which was mainly located in College Crescent
Nutley Terrace, NW3 Nutley Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
O2 Centre, NW3 O2 Centre is a location in London.
Petros Gardens, NW3 Petros Gardens is a location in London.
Princess Mews, NW3 Princess Mews is a mews of Belsize Park.
Rosemont Road, NW3 Rosemont Road is a street in Hampstead.
Rosslyn Mansions, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Spode Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
St Johns Court, NW6 St Johns Court is a retail and residential block beside Finchley Road station.
Swiss Cottage Centre, NW3 Swiss Cottage Centre is a location in London.
Swiss Terrace, NW3 Swiss Terrace connects Belsize Road with the Swiss Cottage junction.
Trinity Walk, NW3 Trinity Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Winchester Road, NW3 Winchester Road is named after the first Provost of Eton, William Waynflete Bishop of Winchester.
Worcester Mews, NW3 Street/road in London NW6
Worcester Mews, NW6 Worcester Mews is a location in London.

NEARBY PUBS
North Star This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Secrets This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Wetherspoons This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Winchester Hotel Winchester Hotel was situated at 21a Winchester Road, NW3


Swiss Cottage

Swiss Cottage is named after an inn called The Swiss Tavern that was built in 1804 in the style of a Swiss chalet and on the site of a former tollgate keeper’s cottage.

The district formed part of the ancient parish of Hampstead. It developed following the Finchley Road Act 1826, which authorised construction of Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, with The Swiss Tavern located at the junction of the new roads. The neighbourhood around Finchley Road and Avenue Road was redeveloped in 1937 and 1938 with the opening of an Odeon cinema and the Regency Lodge flats. After World War II, local authority housing was constructed by the London County Council in the area.

Local amenities include an Odeon Cinema, Sir Basil Spence’s Grade II-listed Swiss Cottage Central Library and the Hampstead Theatre. Swiss Cottage is the location of the Royal Central School of Speech and Drama that occasionally performs at the Embassy Theatre. Swiss Cottage Leisure Centre reopened in early 2006 after redevelopment; it now has two swimming pools, a gym and a climbing wall. Many of the area’s cityscapes and London street scenes, particularly of Swiss Cottage, Adamson Rd, Eton Ave and Belsize Park were represented by the Camden Town Group painter Robert Bevan and his wife, the Polish painter Stanislawa de Karlowska. They lived at 14 Adamson Road.

Swiss Cottage station was opened in 1868 as the northern terminus of the Metropolitan and St. John’s Wood Railway, the first northward branch extension from Baker Street of the Metropolitan Railway (now the Metropolitan line). From here, starting in 1879, the line was subsequently extended further to Watford, Amersham, Chesham and Uxbridge.

The current station was opened on 20 November 1939 on a new section of deep-level tunnel constructed between Baker Street and Finchley Road stations when the Metropolitan line’s services on its Stanmore branch were transferred to the Bakerloo line.

The new station initially operated as part of a combined station with the Metropolitan line’s adjacent sub-surface Swiss Cottage station (platforms 1 and 2 were Metropolitan line and 3 and 4 were Bakerloo line), but the Metropolitan line station was closed on 17 August 1940. The Bakerloo line station was subsequently transferred along with the rest of the Stanmore branch to the Jubilee line when it opened on 1 May 1979.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Click here to see Creative Commons images tagged with this road (if applicable)
Swiss Cottage
TUM image id: 1455364693
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Victorian house under construction
TUM image id: 1483541885
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Meadowland with buttercups and daisies
TUM image id: 1483540144
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Mortimer Place, NW6
TUM image id: 1492961898
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Church Row, NW3
TUM image id: 1546470373
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Holly Walk, NW3
TUM image id: 1455451397
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Frognal, NW3
Credit: Google Maps
TUM image id: 1557403884
Licence: CC BY 2.0
College Crescent
TUM image id: 1577554764
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In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Swiss Cottage
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Victorian house under construction
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Meadowland with buttercups and daisies
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Aerial view of Goldhurst Open Space
Credit: Google Maps
Licence:


At Hampstead Heath station, a Stratford bound Overground train emerges from Hampstead Tunnel - the other end of the tunnel can be seen behind the oncoming train.
Credit: nick86235
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Broadhurst Gardens in West Hampstead, photographed here in 2009, was home to Decca Studios. From the late 1870s building had spread on Spencer Maryon Wilson’s lands. Near the Metropolitan railway line was Broadhurst Gardens, where 116 houses were built between 1882 and 1894.
Credit: Geograph/Christine Matthews
Licence:


St Johns Court (built 1938)
Credit: https://manchesterhistory.net/
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Frognal, NW3
Credit: Google Maps
Licence: CC BY 2.0


College Crescent
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The Winchester, Winchester Road, Swiss Cottage (1962)
Credit: Brian Fowler
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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