Fitzroy Square, W1T

Road in/near Fitzrovia, existing between 1798 and now

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Road · * · W1T ·
December
16
2016

Fitzroy Square is one of the Georgian squares of London.

The square, nearby Fitzroy Street, and the Fitzroy Tavern in Charlotte Street have the family name of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, into whose ownership the land passed through his marriage. His descendant Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton developed the area during the late 18th and early 19th century.

Fitzroy Square was a speculative development intended to provide London residences for aristocratic families, and was built in four stages. Leases for the eastern and southern sides, designed by Robert Adam, were granted in 1792; building began in 1794 and was completed in 1798 by Adam’s brothers James and William. These buildings are fronted in Portland stone brought by sea from Dorset.

The Napoleonic Wars and a slump in the London property market brought a temporary stop to construction of the square after the south and east sides were completed. According to the records of the Squares Frontagers’ Committee, 1815 residents looked out on "vacant ground, the resort of the idle and profligate". Another contemporary account describes the incomplete square:

The houses are faced with stone, and have a greater proportion of architectural excellence and embellishment than most others in the metropolis. They were designed by the Adams, but the progress of the late war prevented the completion of the design.

The northern and western sides were subsequently constructed in 1827–29 and 1832–35 respectively, and are stucco-fronted.

The south side suffered bomb damage during World War II and was rebuilt with traditional facades to remain in keeping with the rest of the square.


Citation information: Fitzrovia – The Underground Map
Further citations and sources


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

Othello takes a bow
On 1 November 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello was presented for the first time, at The Palace of Whitehall. The palace was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698. Seven years to the day, Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest was also presented for the first time, and also at the Palace of Whitehall.

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Comment
Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

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Reg Carr   
Added: 10 Feb 2021 12:11 GMT   

Campbellite Meeting
In 1848 the Campbellites (Disciples of Christ) met in Elstree Street, where their congregation was presided over by a pastor named John Black. Their appointed evangelist at the time was called David King, who later became the Editor of the British Millennial Harbinger. The meeting room was visited in July 1848 by Dr John Thomas, who spoke there twice on his two-year ’mission’ to Britain.

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Comment
Carol   
Added: 7 May 2021 18:44 GMT   

Nan
My nan lily,her sister Elizabeth and their parents Elizabeth and William lived here in1911

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Lived here
Julian    
Added: 23 Mar 2021 10:11 GMT   

Dennis Potter
Author Dennis Potter lived in Collingwood House in the 1970’s

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Comment
Jessie Doring   
Added: 22 Feb 2021 04:33 GMT   

Tisbury Court Jazz Bar
Jazz Bar opened in Tisbury Court by 2 Australians. Situated in underground basement. Can not remember how long it opened for.

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Lived here
Richard Roques   
Added: 21 Jan 2021 16:53 GMT   

Buckingham Street residents
Here in Buckingham Street lived Samuel Pepys the diarist, Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling

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Justin Russ   
Added: 15 Feb 2021 20:25 GMT   

Binney Street, W1K
Binney St was previously named Thomas Street before the 1950’s. Before the 1840’s (approx.) it was named Bird St both above and below Oxford St.

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Comment
Jude Allen   
Added: 29 Jul 2021 07:53 GMT   

Bra top
I jave a jewelled item of clothong worn by a revie girl.
It is red with diamante straps. Inside it jas a label Bermans Revue 16 Orange Street but I cannot find any info online about the revue only that 16 Orange Street used to be a theatre. Does any one know about the revue. I would be intesrested to imagine the wearer of the article and her London life.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
John Neill   
Added: 25 Nov 2021 11:30 GMT   

Sandringham Road, E10 (1937 - 1966)
I lived at No. 61 with my parents during these years. I went to Canterbury Road school (now Barclay Primary) and sang as a boy soprano (treble) in the church choir at St Andrew’s church, on the corner of Forest Glade.
Opposite us lived the Burgess family. Their son Russell also sang in my choir as a tenor. He later became a well-known musician and the choirmaster at Wandsworth Boys’ School.
Just at the end of WW2 a German rocket (V2) landed in the grounds of Whipps Cross Hospital, damaging many of the houses in Sandringham Road, including ours.

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Comment
Tim Stevenson   
Added: 16 Nov 2021 18:03 GMT   

Pub still open
The Bohemia survived the 2020/21 lockdowns and is still a thriving local social resource.

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Comment
STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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Sir Walter Besant   
Added: 11 Nov 2021 18:47 GMT   

Sir Walter adds....
All the ground facing Wirtemberg Street at Chip and Cross Streets is being levelled for building and the old houses are disappearing fast. The small streets leading through into little Manor Street are very clean and tenanted by poor though respectable people, but little Manor Street is dirty, small, and narrow. Manor Street to Larkhall Rise is a wide fairly clean thoroughfare of mixed shops and houses which improves towards the north. The same may be said of Wirtemberg Street, which commences poorly, but from the Board School north is far better than at the Clapham end.

Source: London: South of the Thames - Chapter XX by Sir Walter Besant (1912)

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Comment
tom   
Added: 3 Nov 2021 05:16 GMT   

I met
someone here 6 years ago

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Comment
Fion Anderson   
Added: 2 Nov 2021 12:55 GMT   

Elstree not Borehamwood
Home of the UK film industry

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Adam and Eve Tearooms The Adam and Eve Tearooms were a fashionable Georgian watering hole.
Fairyland During the period leading up to and during the First World War, 92 Tottenham Court Road was the location of a shooting range called Fairyland.
Great Portland Street Great Portland Street is a London Underground station near Regent’s Park.
Regent’s Park Regent’s Park - not the park itself but the tube station.
Scala Theatre Scala Theatre was a theatre in London, sited on Charlotte Street, off Tottenham Court Road. The first theatre on the site opened in 1772, and was demolished in 1969, after being destroyed by fire.

NEARBY STREETS
Albany Terrace, NW1 Albany Terrace was named after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, brother of the Prince Regent (George IV).
Alfred Mews, WC1E Alfred Mews is situated off Tottenham Court Road, running behind the gardens of North Crescent.
Alfred Place, WC1E Alfred Place was built in 1806 by a Marylebone stonemason called John Waddilove who named it after his son Alfred.
Bird Street, W1T Bird Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Bolsover Street, W1W Bolsover Street - home to the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital since 1907.
Brock Street, NW1 Brock Street was formerly called Henry Street.
Bromley Place, W1T Bromley Place is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Bryanston Square, W1G Bryanston Square was built as part of the Portman Estate between 1810 and 1815.
BT Tower, W1W The BT Tower is a communications tower, previously known as the GPO Tower, the Post Office Tower and the Telecom Tower.
Cambridge Gate Mews, NW1 Cambridge Gate Mews is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Candover Street, W1W Candover Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Capper Street, WC1E Capper Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Carburton Street, W1W Carburton Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Charlotte Mews, W1T Charlotte Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Charlotte Street, W1T Charlotte Street was laid out in the mid 18th century on open fields.
Chenies Mews, WC1E Chenies Mews is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Chenies Street, WC1E Chenies Street takes its name from the Buckinghamshire village where since 1556 members of the Russell family have been buried.
Chitty Street, W1T Chitty Street runs between Charlotte Street and Whitfield Street.
Cleveland Street, W1T Cleveland Street is a location in London.
Cleveland Street, W1W Cleveland Street maybe dates from before 1632 when its name was recorded as Wrastling Lane.
Clipstone Mews, W1T Clipstone Mews is a road in the W1T postcode area
Clipstone Street, W1W Clipstone Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Coach Road, W1T Coach Road is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Collingwood House, W1W Residential block
Colville Place, W1T Colville Place is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Conway Mews, W1T Conway Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Conway Street, W1T Conway Street runs from the Euston Road in the north to Fitzroy Square in the south.
Darwin Walk, WC1E Darwin Walk is a road in the WC1E postcode area
De Walden Court, W1W De Walden Court is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Devonshire Close, W1G Devonshire Close is a road in the W1G postcode area
Devonshire Row Mews, W1B Devonshire Row Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Devonshire Street, W1B Devonshire Street is a road in the W1B postcode area
Devonshire Street, W1W Devonshire Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Drummond Street, NW1 Drummond Street was the original site of Euston Station.
Duchess Mews, W1B Duchess Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
Duchess Street, W1B Duchess Street is a road in the W1B postcode area
Duchess Street, W1W Duchess Street runs from Mansfield Street to Hallam Street, across Portland Place.
Euston Centre, NW1 Euston Centre is a street in Camden Town.
Euston Road, NW1 Euston Road runs from Marylebone Road to King's Cross. The road is part of the London Inner Ring Road and forms part of the London congestion charge zone boundary.
Euston Road, W1T Euston Road is a road in the W1T postcode area
Euston Street, NW1 Euston Street is a street in Camden Town.
Euston Tower, NW1 Euston Tower is a skyscraper located at 286 Euston Road, near the intersection with Tottenham Court Road.
Fair Road, W1B Fair Road is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
First Floor, W1T First Floor is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Fitzroy Court, W1T Fitzroy Court is a road in the W1T postcode area
Fitzroy Mews, W1T Fitzroy Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Fitzroy Street, W1T Fitzroy Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Foley Street, W1W Foley Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Foundry Mews, NW1 Foundry Mews is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Goodge Place, W1T Goodge Place is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Goodge Street, W1T Goodge Street was named after John Goodge a carpenter who along with his two nephews developed Crab Tree Fields to form Goodge Street in 1740.
Gordon Mansions, WC1E Gordon Mansions is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Gordon Street, WC1H Gordon Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Gosfield Street, W1W Gosfield Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Gower Court, WC1E Gower Court is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Gower Place, WC1E Gower Place runs from Gordon Street to Gower Street.
Gower Street, WC1E Gower Street is named after Gertrude Leveson-Gower, the wife of John Russell, the 4th Duke of Bedford.
Grafton Mews, W1T Grafton Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Grafton Way, W1T Grafton Way is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Grafton Way, WC1E Grafton Way was formerly Grafton Street.
Great Portland Street, W1W Great Portland Street forms the boundary between Fitzrovia to the east and Marylebone to the west.
Great Titchfield Street, W1W Great Titchfield Street is one of the streets of London in the W1 postal area.
Great Titchfield Street, W1W Great Titchfield Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Greenwell Street, W1T Greenwell Street is a road in the W1T postcode area
Greenwell Street, W1W Greenwell Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Hallam Street, W1W Hallam Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Hanson Street, W1W Hanson Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Harley Street, W1G Harley Street, the centre of private medical practices in London, was named after Thomas Harley who was Lord Mayor of London in 1767.
Howland Street, W1T Howland Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Huntley Street, WC1E Huntley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Kent House, W1B Residential block
Laxton Place, NW1 Laxton Place is a street in Camden Town.
Little Albany Street, NW1 Little Albany Street is a street in Camden Town.
Little Titchen Street, W1W Little Titchen Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Longford Street, NW1 Longford Street is a street in Camden Town.
Malet Place, WC1E Malet Place is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Mansfield Street, W1G Mansfield Street connects New Cavendish Street and Queen Anne Street.
Maple Street, W1T Maple Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Maple Street, W1T This is a street in the 92103 postcode area
Melton Street, NW1 Melton Street is a street in Camden Town.
Middleton Buildings, W1W Middleton Buildings is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Middleton Place, W1W Middleton Place is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Midford Place, W1T Midford Place is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Mortimer Market, WC1E Mortimer Market is a road in the W1T postcode area
Munster Square, NW1 Munster Square is a street in Camden Town.
New Cavendish Street, W1B New Cavendish Street is one of the streets of London in the W1 postal area.
New Cavendish Street, W1W New Cavendish Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
North Cloisters, WC1E North Cloisters is a road in the WC1E postcode area
North Crescent, WC1E North Crescent is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
North Gower Street, NW1 North Gower Street is a street in Camden Town.
Ogle Street, W1W Ogle Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Osnaburgh Street, NW1 Osnaburgh Street is a street in Camden Town.
Park Crescent, W1B Park Crescent is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Park Square East, NW1 Park Square East lies north of Park Crescent and Marylebone Road.
Peto Place, NW1 Peto Place is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Portland Place, W1B Portland Place is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Quadrant Arcade, W1B Quadrant Arcade is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Queen’s Yard, W1T Queen’s Yard is a road in the W1T postcode area
Ridgmount Gardens, WC1E Ridgmount Gardens is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Salt Yard, W1T A street within the W1T postcode
Scala Street, W1T Scala Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
St Andrews Place, NW1 St Andrews Place is a street in Camden Town.
St Annes, NW1 St Annes is a street in Camden Town.
St Mary Magdalene Church, NW1 St Mary Magdalene Church is a street in Camden Town.
Stephenson Way, NW1 Stephenson Way is a street in Camden Town.
Taviton Street, WC1H Taviton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Third Floor, WC1E Third Floor is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Tolmers Square, NW1 Tolmers Square roughly covers the site of a reservoir of the New River Company.
Torrington Place, WC1E Torrington Place was developed by James Sim in partnership with his two sons.
Tottenham Court Road, W1T Tottenham Court Road is a major road running from the junction of Oxford Street and Charing Cross Road, north to Euston Road - a distance of about three-quarters of a mile.
Tottenham Mews, W1T Tottenham Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Tottenham Street, W1T Tottenham Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Triton Square, NW1 Triton Square is a street in Camden Town.
Triton Street, NW1 Triton Street is a road in the NW1 postcode area
University Street, WC1E University Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Warren Court, NW1 Warren Court is a street in Camden Town.
Warren Mews, W1T Warren Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Warren Street, W1T Warren Street was named after Anne Warren (1737–1807), the wife of Charles FitzRoy, landowner.
Weymouth Mews, W1G Weymouth Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area.
Weymouth Street, W1B Weymouth Street is a road in the W1B postcode area
Weymouth Street, W1G Weymouth Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area.
Whitfield Place, W1T Whitfield Place is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Whitfield Street, W1T Whitfield Street runs from Warren Street in the north to Windmill Street in the south.

NEARBY PUBS
Adam and Eve Tearooms The Adam and Eve Tearooms were a fashionable Georgian watering hole.
Bap and Pickle Smugglers Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Camden People’s Theatre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Cavali This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Crown & Sceptre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Dover Castle This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Euston Tap This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Fitzrovia Belle This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Grafton Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Horse & Groom This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Jeremy Bentham This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Lucky Pig This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Marlborough Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Masons Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Nelsons Wine Bar Ltd This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Northumberland Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
One Tun This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Prince Of Wales Feathers This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Queens Head & Artichoke This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Reverend J W Simpson This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Rising Sun This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Simmons Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Spearmint Rhino This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Stag’s Head This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Albany This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bar at TCR This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Carpenters Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Court This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Fitzrovia This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The George & Dragon This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hope This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The King & Queen This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Lukin This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Slice Bar (Cupola House) This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Squares Tavern & Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Tower Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Unity Cup This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Vault 139 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Fitzrovia

Fitzrovia is the area lying to the west of Tottenham Court Road.




LOCAL PHOTOS
Transmission
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Tottenham Court Road (1927)
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Tottenham Court Road, W1T
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The Polygon, Somers Town in 1850.
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In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
BT Tower The Post Office Tower - now known as the BT Tower - opened in the Fitzrovia area of central London in 1965. The towers main structure was 177 metres high. A further section of aerial rigging brought the total height to 191m. It was the tallest building in the UK until Londons NatWest Tower opened in 1980.
Credit: Wiki Commons
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The Prince of Wales Theatre in 1903 shortly before its demolition for the building of the Scala Theatre in 1904.
Credit: Caroline Blomfield
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Fairyland, 92 Tottenham Court Road London circa 1905
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10 Gower Street, Bloomsbury
Credit: Spudgun67
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Camden Town, from the Hampstead Road, Marylebone (1780)
Credit: Old and New London: Volume 5 (1878)
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Tottenham Court Road, W1T
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The March Of The Guards To Finchley - outside the Adam and Eve Tea Rooms.
Credit: William Hogarth
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Wells Street, W1
Credit: The Underground Map
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This painting bears the inscription: All that remained in the year 1844 of the once celebrated Rhobess Farm, Hampstead Road now Ampthill Square
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St. James Gardens
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