St John’s Wood

Underground station, existing between 1939 and now

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(51.535 -0.174, 51.535 -0.174) 
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Underground station · * · NW8 ·
December
24
2019

St John’s Wood is an affluent district, north west of Regent’s Park.

St John’s Wood was once part of the Great Forest of Middlesex with the name deriving from its mediaeval owners, the Knights of the Order of St John of Jerusalem (Knights Hospitallers), an Augustinian order. The order took over the land from the Knights Templar in 1323.

After the Reformation and the Dissolution of monastic orders, St John’s Wood became Crown land, and Henry VIII established Royal Hunting Grounds in what became known as Marylebone Park.

Until the end of the eighteenth century, the area was agricultural.

St John’s Wood represents the first example of suburban residential development in Inner London having  been built up in the 1820s and 1830s largely on land owned by the Eyre family since the thirteenth century. The original pattern included individual villas as well as more traditional terraces and thereby reflected a departure from the dense urban development typical of London up to that time.

St John’s Wood was once a part of the ‘Great Forest of Middlesex’, a dense oak forest that extended north-west beyond London. Some street names in the present day St John’s Wood have origins in the early history of the area: Barrow Hill is mentioned in a Saxon charter of AD 986, a name which may derive from the old English word ‘baeruwe’ meaning a grove or wood; and a priory near what is now Abbey Road was attached to the Abbey of Westminster.

At the time of the Domesday Book in 1086, the area lay within the ancient Manor of Lilestone (now Lisson). In 1238 the Manor was given over to the Knights Templar and in 1323 bestowed on the Knights of the Order of St John of Jerusalem – hence the present name of St John’s Wood.

The land around St John’s Wood remained forested throughout the medieval period. However, after the dissolution of monastic orders in 1539, the land reverted to the Crown. Henry VIII established hunting grounds nearby at Marylebone Park (now Regent’s Park) and the trees of St John’s Wood were felled to meet the demand for timber to build ships and royal palaces.

Apart from a strip of land along the Edgware Road that had been acquired by John Lyon in 1574, the land around St John’s Wood remained in Crown ownership until the late 17th century. By the mid 17th century most of the remaining trees had been felled, leaving acres of meadow and grassland to provide hay for the capital’s thousands of horses. St John’s Wood remained, as open fields dotted with a few mature trees, well into the 19th century.

Sale of land in St John’s Wood by the Crown began in the early 18th century. Henry Samuel Eyre acquired the largest portion in 1732 : a 500 acre estate that stretched roughly from what is now Rossmore Road to Swiss Cottage, bounded by Hamilton Terrace to the west and Avenue Road to the east.

The strip of land owned by John Lyon was bequeathed to his foundation at the Harrow School, on trust to maintain the roads between London and Harrow in good repair. The boundary between the Harrow and Eyre estates followed a medieval track that ran through Cunningham Place through Hamilton Close to Greville Road and Priory Road.

The Duke of Portland also owned a small pocket of land to the east between Townsend Road and Portland Road (now St John’s Wood High Street) which became known as Portland Town. The distribution of the land of St John’s Wood amongst these principal estates is shown on the map at Figure 3.

Despite being subdivided in the early 1700s, the land of St John’s Wood remained primarily as agricultural holdings until the end of the 18th century. John Roque’s Map of 1746 shows the land subdivided into small fields to the east of Edgware Road with no development other than a few smallholdings. St John’s Wood Farm lies roughly on the site of St John’s Wood Station, on the corner of the present-day Wellington Road. The route extending south-west from this, leading to Punkers Barn, appears to relate to the present Grove End Road.

It was not until the 19th century that the development of St John’s Wood as we know it today began. Larger institutions were built in the early 1800s, with the Clergy Orphan School being established in 1812, St John’s Wood Chapel in 1813, Lord’s Cricket Ground in 1814 and the Eyre Arms Tavern in 1820. The earliest developments were scattered over a wide area of the Eyre Estate and in more concentrated terraces in Portland Town. The construction of Abbey Road in 1824 and Wellington Road in 1826 were significant catalysts for the area’s development, which was at its height during the late 1840s.

Greenwood’s Map of 1830 shows the earliest development in St John’s Wood. Clusters of terraces appear in Portland Town, along Portland Town Road (now St John’s Wood High Street). Larger villas standing in substantial garden plots are located to the south of St John’s Wood Road and along the Grove End Road. The earliest phase of the Harrow School Estate is starting to appear at the south end of Hamilton Terrace. Lord’s Cricket Ground, the Clergy Orphan School and St John’s Chapel and Burial Ground have also appeared. Between these pockets of development remain substantial areas of agricultural land.

The development of St John’s Wood over the 19th century coincided with an upsurge of interest in gardening; large nurseries were nearby at Maida Vale and the generous gardens afforded scope for display and experimentation.

Development of the Eyre Estate


An initial survey of the Eyre’s land was made in 1794 and plans drawn up to lay out the estate. However, economic crisis and war with France meant the plan never materialized. In 1803 architect John Shaw envisaged a new plan for the estate: a circus of single or semi-detached houses, standing in their own gardens, and a central ‘pleasure ground’. Although war with France again prevented the full implementation of his plan, Shaw’s innovative scheme for pairs of houses or villas set the precedent for what emerged some years later.

In 1809, the first of the Eyre Estate’s villas were built in Alpha Road, Beta and Omega Place. Although sited just to the south of the current conservation area, these early streets were to provide a crucial model, setting the tone for subsequent development of the locality.

In 1811 John Nash was commissioned to devise a scheme for the nearby Marylebone Park (Regent’s Park) which, along with the construction of the Regent’s Canal between 1811 and 1829, provided the stimulus for developing the land of St John’s Wood. Henry Eyre sought to develop his estate as a modest reflection of Nash’s scheme – a rustic housing estate for the middle classes and an elegant suburban retreat that enjoyed close proximity to the capital.

Building was speculative; though the Eyre Estate set a standard by issuing building leases specifying properties must have gardens and be surrounded by walls at least 6 feet high. It was the construction of broad avenues of detached and semi-detached villas in substantial grounds which gave St John’s Wood its distinctive character and established a new model of suburban style.

Development of the Harrow School Estate


Inspired by the successes of the Eyre Estate, development of the Harrow School land began from 182323 onwards. Streets in this estate were named after the School’s governors: the Duke of Abercorn (Abercorn Place), the Earl of Aberdeen (Aberdeen Terrace), Lord John Northwick (Northwick Terrace), Charles Hamilton (Hamilton Terrace), and Revd. J W Cunningham (Cunningham Place). St Mark’s Church, Hamilton Terrace was built in 1845-46 by Thomas Cundy Jr.

The Harrow Estate also set high standards for building development, using the model of semi-detached villas in wide streets seen in the Eyre estate. However, the villa model was so successful that land prices increased so far that building after 1850 reverted to terraces, which are seen around the fringes of the conservation area.

Development of Portland Town


Unlike the Eyre and Harrow School Estates, the small pocket of land owned and developed by the Duke of Portland was not prescribed with such high standards. The lack of quality building speculations in this area led to the development of tightly-packed, low-quality terraces. Portland Town was known for its overcrowded and run-down houses, the antithesis of the leafy suburban character of the rest of St John’s Wood.

The Ordnance Survey Map of 1870 shows the rapid development of St John’s Wood that took place in the mid-19th century. Portland Town has become a dense urban development to the east. The Harrow School’s land has been completely developed, with Hamilton Terrace and Upper Hamilton Terrace extending north. To the north of Abbey Road are new streets with terraces along Carlton Hill and Clifton Hill. Despite this rapid urban development on the fringes of the conservation area, the Eyre estate at the centre has retained its character, with substantial villas and semi-detached houses standing in large garden plots.

The comparatively inexpensive villas, surrounded by large gardens and tree-lined avenues, attracted many who wanted rural calm whilst living close to the city. Many artists, authors, philosophers and scientists made their homes in St John’s Wood.

The Barracks


In 1804 a brigade of the Royal Artillery, originally stationed in St James’s Park, was billeted at St John’s Wood Farm due to lack of room. The whole brigade moved to St John’s Wood in 1810. The barracks site on Ordnance Hill contains buildings of various dates, including the riding school (1824-5) and Officers’ Mess (1921-2); the most recent additions to the barracks were completed in 1972.

Fisherton Street


J.H.Ahern’s map of c.1827 shows the area as “temporary cottages and gardens”. By c.1850 the land had been developed with terraced houses. The present Estate was built in 1924 under the 1923 Housing Act for the former Borough of St Marylebone as part of a nation-wide programme to build “Homes Fit for Heroes”. The design by H.V. Ashley and Winton Newman made provision of water from a central boiler, for the whole Estate.

Late 19th and early 20th century


The late 19th and early 20th century saw significant changes in the layout of St John’s Wood, largely due to transport schemes that were implemented towards the end of the Victorian period. In 1892 the Metropolitan Railway acquired land through the middle of St John’s Wood to pass a new line into Marylebone. Despite furious opposition, the tunnel was built which caused a scar in the centre of St John’s Wood and initiated the large-scale redevelopment of much of Wellington Road. As compensation for the disruption caused to Lord’s Cricket Ground, they were given the land of the Clergy Orphan’s School by the Railway; the St John’s Wood Burial Ground was also gifted to the public laid out as a garden.

By the turn of the 20th century many of the terraces around Portland Town had become slums and were redeveloped, resulting in the first apartment blocks in St John’s Wood along Avenue Road, Allitsen Road and the lower part of St John’s Wood High Street.

Substantial redevelopment of the Eyre Estate also occurred during the early 20th century, when many of the original 99-year land leases began to expire. Early 20th century redevelopment consisted of large detached neo-Georgian houses and mansion blocks along Wellington Road and parts of Abbey Road and Grove End Road. These did not all relate to the existing scale and changed the character in the centre of the conservation area. The new underground station built in 1939 further encouraged redevelopment of this area.

The 1930s Ordnance Survey Map of St John’s Wood clearly shows the changes that took place during the late 19th and early 20th centuries to leave the area much as it looks today. Large-scale redevelopment has taken place along the southern fringes as well as in the centre of the area, with mansion blocks replacing terraces and Victorian villas. The land is more densely occupied and in some areas, trees and large garden plots have disappeared.

The Second World War also had a significant impact on the area; bomb damage left gap sites which led to post-war development in areas around the Finchley Road where the American School complex stands today. During the War many residents left St John’s Wood to avoid air raids, leaving their properties empty. During and after the War the neglected houses gradually fell derelict. The properties reverted to the Eyre Estate and were subsequently been repaired, making St John’s Wood the desirable residential area that it is today.

Although many of the original houses and gardens disappeared during the 20th century, much of the suburban character remains. St John’s Wood was designated a conservation area in 1968.

* * *

The Rolling Stones referenced St John’s Wood in their song Play With Fire. Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones lived on Carlton Hill, at the northern edge of St John’s Wood, in the 1960s.

St John’s Wood station was opened on 20 November 1939 on a new section of deep-level tunnel constructed between Baker Street and Finchley Road when the Metropolitan Line’s services on its Stanmore branch were transferred to the Bakerloo Line. It was transferred along with the rest of the Stanmore branch to the Jubilee Line when it opened in 1979. With the opening of St John’s Wood station, two nearby stations on the Metropolitan Line were closed. These were Lord’s (which had originally been opened in 1868 as St John’s Wood Road) and Marlborough Road.

The station building is located on the corner of Acacia Road and Finchley Road. The station is the nearest one to Lord’s Cricket Ground and Abbey Road Studios. For this reason Beatles memorabilia are sold at the station.

The platform design remains the same as when opened in 1939, and was designed by Harold Stabler.




Citation information: Streets of the City of Westminster – The Underground Map
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

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Comment
Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.


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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Comment
Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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Comment
Simon Chalton   
Added: 10 Oct 2021 21:52 GMT   

Duppas Hill Terrace 1963- 74
I’m 62 yrs old now but between the years 1963 and 1975 I lived at number 23 Duppas Hill Terrace. I had an absolutely idyllic childhood there and it broke my heart when the council ordered us out of our home to build the Ellis Davd flats there.The very large house overlooked the fire station and we used to watch them practice putting out fires in the blue tower which I believe is still there.
I’m asking for your help because I cannot find anything on the internet or anywhere else (pictures, history of the house, who lived there) and I have been searching for many, many years now.
Have you any idea where I might find any specific details or photos of Duppas Hill Terrace, number 23 and down the hill to where the subway was built. To this day it saddens me to know they knocked down this house, my extended family lived at the next house down which I think was number 25 and my best school friend John Childs the next and last house down at number 27.
I miss those years so terribly and to coin a quote it seems they just disappeared like "tears in rain".
Please, if you know of anywhere that might be able to help me in any way possible, would you be kind enough to get back to me. I would be eternally grateful.
With the greatest of hope and thanks,
Simon Harlow-Chalton.


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Comment
Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Born here
Ron Shepherd   
Added: 18 Sep 2021 17:28 GMT   

More Wisdom
Norman Joseph Wisdom was born in St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, West London.

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Comment
Jonathan Penner   
Added: 11 Sep 2021 16:03 GMT   

Pennard Road, W12
My wife and I, young Canadians, lodged at 65 (?) Pennard Road with a fellow named Clive and his girlfriend, Melanie, for about 6 months in 1985. We loved the area and found it extremely convenient.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 1 Sep 2021 16:58 GMT   

Prefabs!
The "post-war detached houses" mentioned in the description were "prefabs" - self-contained single-storey pre-fabricated dwellings. Demolition of houses on the part that became Senegal Fields was complete by 1964 or 1965.

Source: Prefabs in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
St John’s Wood St John’s Wood is an affluent district, north west of Regent’s Park.

THE STREETS OF ST JOHN’S WOOD
Abbey Gardens, NW8 Abbey Gardens is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Abbey House, NW8 Abbey House is a block adjacent to Abbey Road studios.
Abercorn Close, NW8 Abercorn Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Abercorn Walk, NW8 Abercorn Walk is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Acacia Place, NW8 Acacia Place is a short cul-de-sac off Acacia Road.
Acacia Road, NW8 Acacia Road dates from the 1830s.
Alexandra Mews, NW8 Alexandra Mews existed between the 1850s and the 1960s.
Alma Square, NW8 Alma Square commemorates the River Alma on whose banks the first Anglo-French victory of the Crimean War was won.
Alpha Road, NW8 Alpha Road, named after the Greek letter, was the first street to be developed on the Eyre estate.
Aquila Street, NW8 Aquila Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Ashbridge Street, NW8 Ashbridge Street is named after Arthur Ashbridge, District Surveyor for Marylebone between 1884–1918.
Aubrey Place, NW8 Aubrey Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Avenue Close, NW8 Avenue Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Barbara Brosnan Court, NW8 Barbara Brosnan Court is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Barrow Hill Road, NW8 Barrow Hill Road marks the location of Barrow Hill.
Belgrave Gardens, NW8 Belgrave Gardens was originally the east side of Bolton Road.
Belgravenue Gardens, NW8 Belgravenue Gardens is a location in London.
Bernhardt Crescent, NW8 Bernhardt Crescent is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Blenheim Road, NW8 Blenheim Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Blenheim Terrace, NW8 Blenheim Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Boldero Place, NW8 Boldero Place is a location in London.
Bolton Road, NW8 What is now Bolton Road began life as Ordnance Terrace in 1858.
Boundary Road, NW8 Boundary Road marks the former boundary between the between the Parish of St Marylebone and the Parish of St John Hampstead.
Boydell Court, NW8 Boydell Court is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Bridgeman Street, NW8 Bridgeman Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Broxwood Way, NW8 Broxwood Way is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Capland Street, NW8 Capland Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Carlton Hill, NW8 Carlton Hill is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Casey Close, NW8 Casey Close is a location in London.
Cavendish Avenue, NW8 Cavendish Avenue was built on land owned by Cavendish family.
Cavendish Close, NW8 Cavendish Close leads off Cavendish Avenue.
Cecil Grove, NW8 Cecil Grove is a location in London.
Charlbert Street, NW8 Charlbert Street was formerly Charles Street.
Charles Lane, NW8 Charles Lane is probably named after Charles Watkins, a property developer who was working locally in the 1820s.
Church Street, NW8 Church Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Cicely Davies House, NW8 Cicely Davies House is one of five blocks of flats built for the St Marylebone Housing Association.
Circus Road, NW8 Circus Road reflects the circular shape of the original Eyre Estate building plan.
Clarendon Terrace, W9 Clarendon Terrace is a street in Maida Vale.
Clifton Court, NW8 Clifton Court is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Clifton Hill, NW8 Clifton Hill began as sections either side of Abbey Road - Clifton Road and Clifton Road East.
Cochrane Mews, NW8 Cochrane Mews runs off Circus Road and Cochrane Street.
Cochrane Street, NW8 Cochrane Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Coleridge Gardens, NW8 Street/road in London NW6
Court Close, NW8 Court Close is a location in London.
Cropthorne Court, W9 Cropthorne Court is a road in the W9 postcode area
Cunningham Place, NW8 Cunningham Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Denning Close, NW8 Denning Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Dorman Way, NW8 Dorman Way is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Eamont Street, NW8 Eamont Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Eliot Mews, NW8 Eliot Mews is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Elm Tree Road, NW8 Elm Tree Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Eyre Road, NW8 Eyre Road is a location in London.
Fairlop Place, NW8 Fairlop Place seems to continue the oak theme of the naming of Oak Tree Road - Fairlop Oak is a celebrated tree in Essex.
Finchley Road, NW8 Finchley Road was built in 1829 (as ’Finchley New Road’) to provide a new route to horse-drawn traffic from London to the north.
Fisherton Street, NW8 Fisherton Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Frampton Street, NW8 Frampton Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Garden Road, NW8 Garden Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Gateforth Street, NW8 Gateforth Street is a location in London.
George Eyre House, NW8 George Eyre House was designed by architect Louis de Soissons.
Greenberry Street, NW8 Greenberry Street has a name which is possibly a corruption of Green Barrow Hill.
Grendon Street, NW8 Grendon Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Greville Place, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Greville Place, W9 Greville Place is a street in Maida Vale.
Grove End Road, NW8 Grove End Road has a name reflecting the end of Lisson Grove.
Grove Hall Court, NW8 Grove Hall Court is on Hall Road.
Hall Road, NW8 Hall Road is named after the builder William Hall who died in either 1832 or 1833.
Hamilton Close, NW8 Hamilton Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Hamilton Gardens, NW8 Hamilton Gardens is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Hamilton Terrace, NW8 Hamilton Terrace is named after Charles Hamilton who was a Harrow School governor.
Hanover House, NW8 Hanover House is located on St Johns Wood High Street.
Hatton Street, NW8 This is a street in the NW8 postcode area
Havenpool, NW8 Havenpool is a location in London.
Henderson Drive, NW8 Henderson Drive is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Henstridge Place, NW8 Henstridge Place (rather obscurely) refers to a ridge where stallions are kept.
Hill Road, NW8 Hill Road runs west from Abbey Road.
Hillside Close, NW8 Hillside Close is a cul-de-sac off of Carlton Hill.
Holtham Road, NW8 Holtham Road disappeared when replaced by the Abbey Road Estate development.
Jerome Crescent, NW8 Jerome Crescent is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Kingsmill Terrace, NW8 Kingsmill Terrace is named after a member of the Eyre family.
Langford Court, NW8 Langford Court is a residential block on Abbey Road.
Langford Place, NW8 Langford Place is called after the owner of Lileston manor (Lisson Grove) in the 14th century.
Lisson Grove, NW8 Lisson Grove is a corruption of the local manor of Lileston. Originally the road was lined with trees.
Lodge Road, NW8 Lodge Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Loudoun Road, NW8 Loudoun Road, dating from the 1850s, was originally known as Bridge Road.
Luton Street, NW8 Luton Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Lyons Place, NW8 Lyons Place is named for John Lyon (c.1511-92) who founded Harrow School.
Mackennal Street, NW8 Mackennal Street received its name since Bertram Mackennal, a sculptor, lived nearby.
Marlborough Hill, NW8 Marlborough Hill dates from the 1830s in the first of the St John’s Wood developments.
Marlborough Place, NW8 Marlborough Place was previously split into two sections named Marlborough Place and Marlborough Road.
Melina Place, NW8 Melina Place runs west from Grove End Road.
Middlefield, NW8 Middle Field is part of a development just to the east of the Finchley Road.
Neville Court, NW8 Neville Court is a location in London.
Newcourt Street, NW8 Newcourt Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Norfolk Road, NW8 Norfolk Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
North Bank, NW8 North Bank is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Northwick Close, NW8 Northwick Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Northwick Terrace, NW8 Northwick Terrace was named after Lord John Northwick, Harrow School governor.
Nugent Terrace, NW8 Nugent Terrace is named after George Nugent-Greville, Baron Nugent (1789-1850).
Oak Tree Road, NW8 Oak Tree Road connects St John’s Wood Road and Lodge Road.
Ordnance Hill, NW8 Ordnance Hill is so-named because the Board of Ordnance was the original lessee of St John’s Wood Barracks.
O’ Neill House, NW8 O’Neill House is a block along Cochrane Street.
Paveley Street, NW8 Paveley Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Penfold Street, NW8 Penfold Street is a street in Camden Town.
Penfold Street, NW8 Penfold Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Plympton Place, NW8 Plympton Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
PO Box 4, NW8 George Eliot School is a location in London.
Queen’s Terrace, NW8 Queen’s Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Queens Terrace, NW8 Queens Terrace is a location in London.
Queensmead, NW8 Queensmead is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Queen’s Grove, NW8 Queen’s Grove was named just after the marriage of Victoria and Albert in 1841.
Regents Mews, NW8 Regents Mews is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Rodney Court, W9 Rodney Court is a street in Maida Vale.
Rossetti Mews, NW8 Rossetti Mews is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Rudgwick Terrace, NW8 Rudgwick Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Ryder’s Terrace, NW8 Ryder’s Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Salisbury Street, NW8 Salisbury Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Scott Ellis Gardens, NW8 Scott Ellis Gardens was built by Thomas Scott-Ellis, 8th Baron Howard de Walden (1880-1946) who was a landowner, writer, Olympic athlete and patron of the arts.
Selby House, NW6 Residential block
Shannon Place, NW8 Shannon Place is a location in London.
Springfield Road, NW8 Springfield Road dates from the late 1850s.
St Edmund’s Terrace, NW8 St Edmund’s Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St James’s Close, NW8 St James’s Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St John’s Wood Park, NW8 St John’s Wood Park is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St John’s Wood Terrace, NW8 St John’s Wood Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St John’s Wood High Street, NW8 St John’s Wood High Street is a shopping street of St John’s Wood.
St John’s Wood Road, NW8 St John’s Wood Road is a main road connecting Lord’s with Maida Vale.
St Stephen’s Close, NW8 St Stephen’s Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St. Edmunds Terrace, NW8 St. Edmunds Terrace is a location in London.
St. James’s Terrace, NW8 St. James’s Terrace is a location in London.
St. Johns Wood Park, NW8 St. Johns Wood Park is a location in London.
Swain Street, NW8 Swain Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Tatham Place, NW8 Tatham Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
The Lane, NW8 The Lane is a road in the NW8 postcode area
The Marlowes, NW8 The Marlowes is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Titchfield Road, NW8 Titchfield Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Townshend Estate, NW8 Townshend Estate is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Townshend Road, NW8 Townshend Road was named after the commander who received the French surrender of Quebec in 1759.
Tresham Crescent, NW8 Tresham Crescent is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Vale Close, W9 Vale Close is a street in Maida Vale.
Verulam Terrace, W9 Verulam Terrace is the former name for a section of the modern Hall Road.
Violet Hill, NW8 This is a street in the NW8 postcode area
Waverley Place, NW8 Waverley Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Wellesley Court, W9 Wellesley Court is a street in Maida Vale.
Wellington Place, NW8 Wellington Place, like Wellington Road, is named for the Duke of Wellington who defeated Napoleon at the battle of Waterloo in 1815.
Wellington Road, NW8 Wellington Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Wells Rise, NW8 This is a street in the NW8 postcode area
Whitehaven Street, NW8 Whitehaven Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Woronzow Road, NW8 Woronzow Road was named after Count Woronzow, Russian ambassador from 1785-1806

THE PUBS OF ST JOHN’S WOOD
The Arches This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Queen’s Park

Queen’s Park lies between Kilburn and Kensal Green, developed from 1875 onwards and named to honour Queen Victoria.

The north of Queen’s Park formed part of the parish of Willesden and the southern section formed an exclave of the parish of Chelsea, both in the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. In 1889 the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works that included the southern section of Queen’s Park was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London, and in 1900 the anomaly of being administered from Chelsea was removed when the exclave was united with the parish of Paddington. In 1965 both parts of Queen’s Park became part of Greater London: the northern section - Queen’s Park ’proper’ formed part of Brent and the southern section - the Queen’s Park Estate - joined the City of Westminster.

Queen’s Park, like much of Kilburn, was developed by Solomon Barnett. The two-storey terraced houses east of the park, built between 1895 and 1900, typically have clean, classical lines. Those west of the park, built 1900–05, tend to be more Gothic in style. Barnett’s wife was from the West Country, and many of the roads he developed are named either for places she knew (e.g. Torbay, Tiverton, Honiton) or for popular poets of the time (e.g. Tennyson). The first occupants of the area in late Victorian times were typically lower middle class, such as clerks and teachers. Queen’s Park is both demographically and architecturally diverse. The streets around the park at the heart of Queen’s Park are a conservation area.

There is hardly any social housing in the streets around Queens Park itself, and the area was zoned as not suitable for social housing in the 1970s and 1980s as even then house prices were above average for the borough of Brent, which made them unaffordable for local Housing Associations. The main shopping streets of Salusbury Road and Chamberlayne Road have fewer convenience stores and more high-value shops and restaurants. Local schools – some of which struggled to attract the children of wealthier local families in the past – are now over-subscribed. House prices have risen accordingly.

Queen’s Park station was first opened by the London and North Western Railway on 2 June 1879 on the main line from London to Birmingham.

Services on the Bakerloo line were extended from Kilburn Park to Queen’s Park on 11 February 1915. On 10 May 1915 Bakerloo services began to operate north of Queen’s Park as far as Willesden Junction over the recently built Watford DC Line tracks shared with the LNWR.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Swiss Cottage
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College Crescent
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In the neighbourhood...

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A photographer called Iain Macmillan was a friend of John and Yoko and, during the morning of Friday 8 August 1969 found himself commissioned to take a photo of the Fab Four to adorn their latest studio release, an album called ’Abbey Road’. As the group waited outside the studio for the shoot to begin, Linda McCartney took a number of extra photographs.
Credit: Apple Corps
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Derived from a somewhat famous cover work by Iain Macmillan. Behind the art, the view is Abbey Road, NW8 looking north. The gates of the Abbey Road Studios are behind the white VW Beetle on the left.
Credit: Iain Macmillan
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The oldest parts of the Barrow Hill Estate in St John’s Wood date from 1937
Credit: GoArt/The Underground Map
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This Edwardian view of Marlborough Road station gives a good idea of the general arrangement; the building was directly over the railway cutting. The thoroughfare Marlborough Road was renamed Marlborough Place in the 1930s but the station retained the old name until closure
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Alexandra Road, St John’s Wood (c. 1900) Most of Alexandra Road went under the bulldozer for the creation of a 1970s housing estate.
Old London postcard
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Allitsen Road, NW8 was named after Frances Allitsen, a songwriter. During the Boer War, she composed the then-popular ’There’s A Land’.
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St John’s Wood station is the only Underground station to have no letters in common with the word ’mackerel’
Credit: The Underground Map
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St John’s Wood was once on the Bakerloo Line
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