Hyde Park Corner, W1J

Road in/near Hyde Park Corner, existing between the 1750s or before and now

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Road · Hyde Park Corner · W1J ·
December
30
2021

Hyde Park Corner is a major road junction at the southeastern corner of Hyde Park.

Six streets converge at the junction: Park Lane (from the north), Piccadilly (northeast), Constitution Hill (southeast), Grosvenor Place (south), Grosvenor Crescent (southwest) and Knightsbridge (west).

Hyde Park Corner tube station, a London Underground station served by the Piccadilly line, is located at the junction, as are a number of notable monuments.

Immediately to the north of the junction is Apsley House, the home of the first Duke of Wellington; several monuments to the Duke were erected in the vicinity, both in his lifetime and subsequently.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the space that is now the Hyde Park Corner traffic island was not entirely surrounded by roadway. In its centre stands the Wellington Arch (or Constitution Arch), designed by Decimus Burton and planned as a northern gate to the grounds of Buckingham Palace. In execution it was laid out as a gate into the Green Park, and was originally sited directly opposite Burton’s Ionic Screen (also known as the Hyde Park Corner Screen), which still provides a gate into Hyde Park. Originally, the Arch was topped with an equestrian statue of the Duke by Matthew Cotes Wyatt.

The Arch was moved south because of traffic congestion, and realigned to the axis of Constitution Hill in 1883. The boundary of Buckingham Palace’s garden was moved south, and a new road named Duke of Wellington Place was created; this separated the space containing the Arch from the rest of the Green Park. At this time, the large equestrian statue was removed to Aldershot. It was subsequently replaced with another work, entitled The Angel of Peace descending on the Quadriga of Victory, dated 1912, by the sculptor Adrian Jones; this remains in place.

Following the passage of the Park Lane Improvement Act 1958, Park Lane was widened in the early 1960s. For most of its length this was achieved by converting the former East Carriage Drive of Hyde Park into the northbound lanes of a dual carriageway, but at Hyde Park Corner, all lanes of traffic came together on a line immediately to the east of Apsley House that required demolition of houses on Piccadilly. This left Apsley House on an island site. The InterContinental London hotel was subsequently built on the cleared site between the new route of Park Lane and Hamilton Place.

At part of the same scheme, a tunnel was constructed beneath the junction to allow traffic to flow freely between Knightsbridge and Piccadilly. As a result, the area around the Arch became a large traffic island, mostly laid to grass, and accessible only by pedestrian underpassess, and formally ceased to be part of the Green Park.

Subsequent changes to the road layout in the 1990s reinstated a route between Hyde Park and the Green Park for pedestrians, cyclists and horseriders using surface-level crossings.

"Hyde Park Corner" was used as a codeword to announce to the government the death of King George VI in 1952.



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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



Emma Seif   
Added: 25 Jan 2022 19:06 GMT   

Birth of the Bluestocking Society
In about 1750, Elizabeth Montagu began hosting literary breakfasts in her home at 23 (now 31) Hill Street. These are considered the first meetings of the Bluestocking society.

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Born here
www.violettrefusis.com   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 15:05 GMT   

Birth place
Violet Trefusis, writer, cosmopolitan intellectual and patron of the Arts was born at 2 Wilton Crescent SW1X.

Source: www.violettrefusis.com

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Lived here
Julian    
Added: 23 Mar 2021 10:11 GMT   

Dennis Potter
Author Dennis Potter lived in Collingwood House in the 1970’s

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Comment
Jessie Doring   
Added: 22 Feb 2021 04:33 GMT   

Tisbury Court Jazz Bar
Jazz Bar opened in Tisbury Court by 2 Australians. Situated in underground basement. Can not remember how long it opened for.

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Comment
Pauline jones   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:04 GMT   

Bessborough Place, SW1V
I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved London. The stucco houses were a feature and the backs of the houses enabled parents to see thier children playing.

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Justin Russ   
Added: 15 Feb 2021 20:25 GMT   

Binney Street, W1K
Binney St was previously named Thomas Street before the 1950’s. Before the 1840’s (approx.) it was named Bird St both above and below Oxford St.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 1 May 2021 16:46 GMT   

Cheyne Place, SW3
Frances Faviell, author of the Blitz memoir, "A Chelsea Concerto", lived at 33, Cheyne Place, which was destroyed by a bomb. She survived, with her husband and unborn baby.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
Katharina Logan   
Added: 9 Aug 2022 19:01 GMT   

Ely place existed in name in 1857
On 7th July 1857 John James Chase and Mary Ann Weekes were married at St John the Baptist Hoxton, he of full age and she a minor. Both parties list their place of residence as Ely Place, yet according to other information, this street was not named until 1861. He was a bricklayer, she had no occupation listed, but both were literate and able to sign their names on their marriage certificate.

Source: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSF7-Q9Y7?cc=3734475

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Comment
Reginald John Gregory   
Added: 8 Aug 2022 14:07 GMT   

Worked in the vicinity of my ancestor’s house,
Between the years 1982-1998 (unknown to me at the time) I worked in an office close to the site of my ancestors cottage. I discovered this when researching family history - the cottage was mentioned in the 1871 census for Colindeep Lane/Ancient Street coming up from the Hyde. The family lived in the ares betwen 1805 and 1912.

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Barry J. Page   
Added: 27 Jul 2022 19:41 GMT   

Highbury Corner V1 Explosion
Grandma described the V1 explosion at Highbury Corner on many occasions. She was working in the scullery when the flying bomb landed. The blast shattered all the windows in the block of flats and blew off the bolt on her front door. As she looked out the front room window, people in various states of injury and shock were making their way along Highbury Station Road. One man in particular, who was bleeding profusely from glass shard wounds to his neck, insisted in getting home to see if his family was all right. Others were less fortunate. Len, the local newsagent, comforted a man, who had lost both legs caused by the blast, until the victim succumbed to his injuries. The entire area was ravaged and following are statistics. The flying bomb landed during lunch hour (12:46 p.m.) on June 27th 1944. 26 people lost their lives, 84 were seriously injured and 71 slightly injured.

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ANON   
Added: 20 Jul 2022 13:36 GMT   

The Square & Ashmore park
The Square and Ashmore park was the place to be 2000-2005. Those were the greatest times on the estate. everyday people were playing out. the park was full of kids just being kids and having fun, now everyone is grown up and only bump into eachother when heading to the shops or work. I miss the good days( Im 25yrs old as im writing this)

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Spotted here
   
Added: 18 Jul 2022 13:56 GMT   

Map of Thornsett Road Esrlsfield


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Born here
Carolyn Hirst   
Added: 16 Jul 2022 15:21 GMT   

Henry James Hirst
My second great grandfather Henry James Hirst was born at 18 New Road on 11 February 1861. He was the eighth of the eleven children of Rowland and Isabella Hirst. I think that this part of New Road was also known at the time as Gloucester Terrace.

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Lived here
Richard   
Added: 12 Jul 2022 21:36 GMT   

Elgin Crescent, W11
Richard Laitner (1955-1983), a barrister training to be a doctor at UCL, lived here in 1983. He was murdered aged 28 with both his parents after attending his sister’s wedding in Sheffield in 1983. The Richard Laitner Memorial Fund maintains bursaries in his memory at UCL Medical School

Source: Ancestry Library Edition

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Comment
Anthony Mckay   
Added: 11 Jul 2022 00:12 GMT   

Bankfield Cottages, Ass House Lane, Harrow Weald
Bankfield Cottages (now demolished) at the end of Ass House Lane, appear twice in ’The Cheaters’ televison series (made 1960) in the episodes ’The Fine Print’ and ’Tine to Kill’

Source: THE CHEATERS: Episode Index

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
25 Park Lane 25 Park Lane was the London residence of Sir Philip Sassoon.
48 Belgrave Square 48 Belgrave Square was occupied for the same family for 170 years.
An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus, Mr Gladstone Travelling with Ordinary Passengers, 1885
Down Street Down Street, also known as Down Street (Mayfair), is a disused station on the London Underground, located in Mayfair.
Halkin Hotel The Halkin (styled as The Halkin by COMO) is a 5-star hotel.
Hyde Park Corner At the other end of Park Lane from Marble Arch, Hyde Park Corner has struck terror into many a learner driver.
InterContinental London InterContinental London Park Lane is a luxury 5-star hotel.
London Lock Hospital The London Lock Hospital was the first venereal disease clinic.
Londonderry House Londonderry House was an aristocratic townhouse situated on Park Lane.
Memorial Gates The Memorial Gates are a war memorial located at the Hyde Park Corner end of Constitution Hill in London.
Parkside Park Side was situated on the north side of Knightsbridge.
RAF Bomber Command Memorial The Royal Air Force Bomber Command Memorial is a memorial commemorating the crews of RAF Bomber Command who embarked on missions during the Second World War.
Royal Aeronautical Society The Royal Aeronautical Society, also known as the RAeS, is a British-founded multidisciplinary professional institution dedicated to the global aerospace community.
Royal Air Force Club The Royal Air Force Club (often referred to as the RAF Club) is situated at 128 Piccadilly.
Royal Artillery Memorial The Royal Artillery Memorial is a stone memorial at Hyde Park Corner, dedicated to the First World War casualties of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.
Shepherd Market Shepherd Market was described by Arthur Bingham Walkley in 1925 as one of the oddest incongruities in London.
St Paul’s Church, Knightsbridge St Paul’s Church, Knightsbridge is a Grade II* listed Anglican church.
The Athenaeum Hotel The Athenaeum is a family-owned five-star hotel overlooking Green Park.
The Berkeley The Berkeley is a five star deluxe hotel, located in Wilton Place.
Wellington Arch Wellington Arch is located to the south of Hyde Park at the western corner of Green Park.

NEARBY STREETS
Achilles Way, W1K Achilles Way is named for the nearby Wellington as Achilles statue in Hyde Park.
Albert Gate, SW1X Albert Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Ann’s Close, SW1X Ann’s Close is approached through an entrance under a building on Kinnerton Street.
Apsley Way, SW1X Apsley Way is the formal name for the pathway which runs under Wellington Arch.
Ashburton Place, W1J Ashburton Place connects Clarges Street and Bolton Street.
Belgrave Mews North, SW1X Belgrave Mews North is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Bolton Street, W1J Bolton Street runs from Curzon Street in the north to Piccadilly in the south.
Bradbrook House, SW1X Bradbrook House is a residential block on Duplex Ride.
Brick Street, W1J Brick Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Carrington Street, W1J Carrington Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Chapel Street, SW1X Chapel Street runs south-west to north-east from Belgrave Square to Grosvenor Place.
Chester Close, SW1X Chester Close lies off of Chester Street.
Chester Mews, SW1X Chester Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Chester Street, SW1X Chester Street dates from 1805.
Chesterfield Gardens, W1J Chesterfield Gardens is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Chesterfield Street, W1J Chesterfield Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Clarges Street, W1J Clarges Street runs north from Piccadilly.
Constitution Hill, SW1A Constitution Hill connects Buckingham Palace with Hyde Park Corner.
Curzon Square, W1K Curzon Square is a road in the W1K postcode area
Curzon Street, W1J Curzon Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Derby Street, W1J Derby Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Down Street Mews, W1J Down Street Mews is a largely hidden side street in Mayfair.
Down Street, W1J Down Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Duke of Wellington Place, SW1X Duke of Wellington Place is the official name for the road which skirts the central Hyde Park Corner island on the south and east sides.
Duplex Ride, SW1X Duplex Ride is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Frederic Mews, SW1X Frederic Mews is a mews off Kinnerton Street.
Garrick House, W1J Residential block
Groom Place, SW1X Groom Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Grosvenor Crescent Mews, SW1X Grosvenor Crescent Mews is a gated mews.
Grosvenor Crescent, SW1X Grosvenor Crescent is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Grosvenor Place, SW1X Grosvenor Place is the main road connecting Hyde Park Corner with Victoria.
Half Moon Street, W1J Half Moon Street runs between Piccadilly and Curzon Street.
Halkin Arcade, SW1X Halkin Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Halkin Street, SW1X Halkin Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Hamilton Mews, W1J Hamilton Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Hamilton Place, W1J Hamilton Place lies just to the north of Hyde Park Corner.
Harriet Street, SW1X Harriet Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Harriet Walk, SW1X Harriet Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Headfort Place, SW1X Headfort Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Hertford Street, W1J Hertford Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Holforoad Way, W1J A street within the W1J postcode
Holforoad Way, W1J A street within the W1J postcode
Kinnerton Place North, SW1X Kinnerton Place North is a mews off Kinnerton Street.
Kinnerton Place South, SW1X Kinnerton Place South is a mews off Kinnerton Street.
Kinnerton Street, SW1X Kinnerton Street - a small winding street - was originally the service road for Wilton Place and Wilton Crescent.
Kinnerton Yard, SW1X Kinnerton Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Knightsbridge, SW1X Knightsbridge is a main thoroughfare running along the south side of Hyde Park.
Lanesborough Place, SW1X Lanesborough Place is a small street serving The Lanesborough Hotel.
Lovers’ Walk, W1K Lovers’ Walk is a road in the W1K postcode area
Lowndes Square, SW1X Lowndes Square is named after the Secretary to the Treasury William Lowndes.
Market Mews, W1J Market Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Montrose Place, SW1X Montrose Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Old Barrack Yard, SW1X Old Barrack Yard is a narrow street of terraced cottages.
Old Park Lane, W1J Old Park Lane is a road in the W1J postcode area
Park Towers, W1J Park Towers is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Pembroke Close, SW1X Pembroke Close is a road in the SW1X postcode area
Pitt’s Head Mews, W1K Pitt’s Head Mews is a road in the W1J postcode area
Shepherd Market, W1J Shepherd Market was developed between 1735 and 1746 by Edward Shepherd from an open area called Brook Field
Shepherd Street, W1J Shepherd Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Stanhope Gate, W1K Stanhope Gate is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Stanhope Row, W1J Stanhope Row is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Studio Place, SW1X Studio Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Tilney Street, W1K Tilney Street is a road in the W1K postcode area
Trebeck Street, W1J Trebeck Street is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
White Horse Street, W1J White Horse Street runs from Piccadilly to Shepherd Street.
William Mews, SW1X William Mews is a partially redeveloped, private Mews off Lowndes Square.
William Mews, SW1X A street within the SW1X postcode
William Street, SW1X William Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wilton Crescent, SW1X Wilton Crescent is notable for its affluent and politically important list of residents, present and historic.
Wilton Place, SW1X Wilton Place was built in 1825 to connect Belgravia with Knightsbridge.
Wilton Row, SW1X Wilton Row is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wilton Terrace, SW1X Wilton Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Yarmouth Place, W1J Yarmouth Place lies off Brick Street.

NEARBY PUBS
Burger & Lobster This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Drama This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Kings Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Market Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Rose & Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Shepherds Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Gloucester This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White Hart Inn The White Hart Inn stood opposite the Knightsbridge Leper Hospital on the bank of the Westbourne.
Ye Grapes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Hyde Park Corner

At the other end of Park Lane from Marble Arch, Hyde Park Corner has struck terror into many a learner driver.

In the centre of the roundabout stands Constitution Arch (or Wellington Arch), designed by Decimus Burton as a memorial to the Duke of Wellington and originally providing a grand entrance to London. It was built as a northern gate to the grounds of Buckingham Palace. Originally the arch was topped with an equestrian statue of the Duke by Matthew Cotes Wyatt, but it was replaced with the current work, The Angel of Peace descending on the Quadriga of Victory (1912) by Adrian Jones.

Other monuments at Hyde Park Corner include Jones’s Monument to the Cavalry of the Empire (off the west side of Park Lane), Alexander Munro’s Boy and Dolphin statue (in a rose garden parallel to Rotten Row, going west from Hyde Park Corner), the Wellington Monument (off the west side of Park Lane) and a statue of Byron (on a traffic island opposite the Wellington Monument).

To the north of the roundabout is Apsley House, the home of the first Duke of Wellington. Such was Wellington’s ego, that he insisted that his letters were addressed to Number 1, London.

Hyde Park Corner was used as a code to announce to the Government the death of King George VI in 1952.

Hyde Park Corner tube station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906. It is one of the few stations which have no associated buildings above ground, the station being fully underground.

The original, Leslie Green-designed station building still remains to the south of the road junction, notable by its ox-blood coloured tiles; it was until June 2010 used as a pizza restaurant, and since January 2013 it is the Wellesley Hotel. The building was taken out of use in the early 1930s when the station was provided with escalators in place of lifts although an emergency stairway provides a connection to the platforms. The lift shafts are now used to provide ventilation.

After the station was rebuilt with escalators the adjacent little-used station at Down Street to the east (towards Green Park) was taken out of use.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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The 52 bus
TUM image id: 1556876554
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Belgrave Square
Credit: Thomas Shepherd
TUM image id: 1586353394
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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The Wellington Statue on the Arch in the 1850s
Credit: Unknown
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Exterior of the memorial in 2013.
Credit: Tim Rademacher
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Wellington Arch photographed on 10 January 2017. Wellington Arch was built as an original entrance to Buckingham Palace, later becoming a victory arch proclaiming Wellington’s defeat of Napoleon. Crowned by the largest bronze sculpture in Europe, it depicts the Angel of Peace descending on the ’Quadriga’ - or four-horsed chariot - of War. The pathway that runs underneath the arch has a formal name - Apsley Way.
Credit: The Underground Map
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Belgrave Square
Credit: Thomas Shepherd
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Letter to Chuck Berry from Carl Sagan
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Grosvenor Gardens Mews East
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Lowndes Street, c. 1905.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Plumbers Arms, at 14 Lower Belgrave Street, became briefly famous in 1974 as the place where Lady Lucan burst in, in distress over finding her nanny dead.
Credit: Wiki Commons/oxyman
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The distinctive Leslie Green red tiling of the former Down Street station frames the entrance to a mews which predates the station - Down Street Mews.
Credit: The Underground Map
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