Pimlico

Underground station, existing between 1972 and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  ·  MAPS  ·  STREETS  BLOG 
(51.489 -0.134, 51.489 -0.134) 
MAP YEAR:175018001810182018301860190019502022Show map without markers
ZOOM:14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18
TIP: To create your own sharable map, right click on the map
Underground station · Pimlico · SW1V ·
APRIL
16
2019

Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Manor of Ebury was divided up and leased by the Crown to servants or favourites. In 1623, James I sold the freehold of Ebury - the land was sold on several more times until it came into the possession of heiress Mary Davies in 1666.

Mary’s dowry not only included modern-day Pimlico and Belgravia, but also most of what is now Mayfair and Knightsbridge. She was much pursued and in 1677 at the age of twelve she married Sir Thomas Grosvenor. The Grosvenors were a family of Norman descent long seated at Eaton Hall in Cheshire who until this auspicious marriage were only of local consequence in the county of Cheshire. Through the development and good management of this land, the Grosvenors acquired enormous wealth.

At some point in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century, the area ceased to be known as Ebury (or ’The Five Fields’) and gained the name by which it is now known. According to folklore, it received its name from Ben Pimlico, famous for his nut-brown ale. His tea-gardens were near Hoxton, and the road to them from here was termed Pimlico Path, so that what is now called Pimlico was so named from the popularity of the Hoxton resort.

By the nineteenth century, and as a result of an increase in demand for property in the previously unfashionable West End of London following the Great Plague of London and the Great Fire of London, Pimlico had become ripe for development. In 1825, Thomas Cubitt was contracted by Lord Grosvenor to develop Pimlico. The land up to this time had been marshy but was reclaimed using soil excavated during the construction of St Katharine Docks.

Cubitt developed Pimlico as a grid of handsome white stucco terraces. The largest and most opulent houses were built along St George’s Drive and Belgrave Road, the two principal streets, and Eccleston, Warwick and St George’s Squares. Lupus Street contained similarly grand houses, as well as shops and, until the early twentieth century, a hospital for women and children. Smaller-scale properties, typically of three storeys, line the side streets. An 1877 newspaper article described Pimlico as "genteel, sacred to professional men… not rich enough to luxuriate in Belgravia proper, but rich enough to live in private houses." Its inhabitants were "more lively than in Kensington… and yet a cut above Chelsea, which is only commercial."

Although the area was dominated by the well-to-do middle and upper-middle classes as late as Booth’s 1889 Map of London Poverty, parts of Pimlico are said to have declined significantly by the 1890s. When Rev Gerald Olivier moved to the neighbourhood in 1912 with his family, including the young Laurence Olivier, to minister to the parishioners of St Saviour, it was part of a venture to west London ’slums’ that had previously taken the family to the depths of Notting Hill.

Through the late nineteenth century, Pimlico saw the construction of several Peabody Estates, charitable housing projects designed to provide affordable, quality homes.

Proximity to the Houses of Parliament made Pimlico a centre of political activity. Prior to 1928, the Labour Party and Trades Union Congress shared offices on Eccleston Square, and it was here in 1926 that the General Strike was organised.

In the mid-1930s Pimlico saw a second wave of development with the construction of Dolphin Square, a self-contained ’city’ of 1250 up-market flats built on the site formerly occupied by Cubitt’s building works. Completed in 1937, it quickly became popular with MPs and public servants. It was home to fascist Oswald Mosley until his arrest in 1940, and the headquarters of the Free French for much of the Second World War.

Pimlico survived the war with its essential character intact, although parts sustained significant bomb damage. Through the 1950s these areas were the focus of large-scale redevelopment as the Churchill Gardens and Lillington and Longmoore Gardens estates, and many of the larger Victorian houses were converted to hotels and other uses.

To provide affordable and efficient heating to the residents of the new post-war developments, Pimlico became one of the few places in the UK to have a district heating system installed.

In 1953, the Second Duke of Westminster sold the part of the Grosvenor estate on which Pimlico is built.

Pimlico was connected to the underground in 1972 as a late addition to the Victoria Line. Following the designation of a conservation area in 1968 (extended in 1973 and again in 1990), the area has seen extensive regeneration. Successive waves of development have given Pimlico an interesting social mix, combining exclusive restaurants and residences with Westminster City Council run facilities.

Notable residents of Pimlico have included politician Winston Churchill, designer Laura Ashley, philosopher Swami Vivekananda, actor Laurence Olivier, illustrator and author Aubrey Beardsley, Kenyan nationalist Jomo Kenyatta and inventor of lawn tennis Major Walter Wingfield.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

Click here to go to a random London street
We now have 466 completed street histories and 47034 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

Othello takes a bow
On 1 November 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello was presented for the first time, at The Palace of Whitehall. The palace was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698. Seven years to the day, Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest was also presented for the first time, and also at the Palace of Whitehall.

Reply

Emma Seif   
Added: 25 Jan 2022 19:06 GMT   

Birth of the Bluestocking Society
In about 1750, Elizabeth Montagu began hosting literary breakfasts in her home at 23 (now 31) Hill Street. These are considered the first meetings of the Bluestocking society.

Reply
Comment
Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

Reply
Comment
Pauline jones   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:04 GMT   

Bessborough Place, SW1V
I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved London. The stucco houses were a feature and the backs of the houses enabled parents to see thier children playing.

Reply
Comment
Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   

Saunders Street, SE11
I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

Reply
Lived here
Richard Roques   
Added: 21 Jan 2021 16:53 GMT   

Buckingham Street residents
Here in Buckingham Street lived Samuel Pepys the diarist, Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling

Reply
LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
Watts   
Added: 17 May 2022 20:29 GMT   

Baeethoven St School, also an Annex for Paddington College of FE.
In the early 70’s I took a two year science course at Paddington CFE. The science classes were held on weekday evenings at Beethoven Street school, overseen by chemistry teacher, Mr Tattershall.

Reply

   
Added: 25 Apr 2022 22:11 GMT   

Southover, N12
Everyone knows Central Woodside is the place to be. Ever since kdog moved from finchtown, Woodside has been thriving.

Reply
Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

Reply

Brian Lynch   
Added: 10 Apr 2022 13:38 GMT   

Staples Mattress Factory
An architect’s design of the Staples Mattress Factory
An image found on the website of Dalzell’s Beds, in Armagh Northern Ireland.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 19 Feb 2022 16:21 GMT   

Harmondsworth (1939 - 1965)
I lived in a house (Lostwithiel) on the Bath Road opposite the junction with Tythe Barn Lane, now a hotel site. Initially, aircraft used one of the diagonal runways directly in line with our house. I attended Sipson Primary School opposite the Three Magpies and celebrated my 21st birthday at The Peggy Bedford in 1959.

Reply

Emma Seif   
Added: 25 Jan 2022 19:06 GMT   

Birth of the Bluestocking Society
In about 1750, Elizabeth Montagu began hosting literary breakfasts in her home at 23 (now 31) Hill Street. These are considered the first meetings of the Bluestocking society.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 14 Jan 2022 03:06 GMT   

Goldbourne Gardens W 10
I lived in Goldbourne Gardens in the 50,s very happy big bomb site

Reply

Chris Nash   
Added: 10 Jan 2022 22:54 GMT   

Shortlands Close, DA17
Shortlands Close and the flats along it were constructed in the mid-1990s. Prior to this, the area was occupied by semi-detached houses with large gardens, which dated from the post-war period and were built on the site of Railway Farm. The farm and its buildings spanned the length of Abbey Road, on the south side of the North Kent Line railway tracks.

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Chelsea College of Art and Design Chelsea College of Arts is a constituent college of the University of the Arts London.
Dolphin Square Dolphin Square is a block of private flats and business complex built near the River Thames between 1935 and 1937.
Lillington Gardens Lillington Gardens is an estate in the Pimlico area, constructed in phases between 1961 and 1980.
Pimlico Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.
Pimlico Academy Pimlico Academy (formerly Pimlico School) is a mixed-sex education secondary school and sixth form with academy status.
St James the Less St James the Less is an Anglican church built by George Edmund Street in the Gothic Revival style.
St Mary’s Church, Vincent Square St Mary’s was established in 1837 and closed in 1923.
St Saviour’s St Saviour’s is an Anglo-Catholic church in Pimlico.
Westminster Under School Westminster Under School is an independent school and preparatory school for boys aged 7 to 13 and is attached to Westminster School.

THE STREETS OF PIMLICO
Alderney Street, SW1V Alderney Street was originally Stanley Street, after George Stanley, local landowner.
Antrobus Street, SW1V Antrobus Street, now demolished, was long called Rutland Street.
Atterbury Street, SW1P Atterbury Street is named after Francis Atterbury, Dean of Westminster in 1713.
Aylesford Street, SW1V Aylesford Street was built in 1848.
Balniel Gate, SW1V Balniel Gate is a road of Pimlico.
Balvaird Place, SW1V Balvaird Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Belgrave Road, SW1V Belgrave Road is a street in the Pimlico area of London.
Bessborough Gardens, SW1V Bessborough Gardens is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Bessborough Place, SW1V Bessborough Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Bessborough Street, SW1V Bessborough Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Bloomberg Street, SW1V Bloomberg Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Bloomfield Terrace, SW1W Bloomfield Terrace is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Buckland House, SW1V Residential block
Cambridge Street, SW1V Cambridge Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Carey Place, SW1V Carey Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Causton Street, SW1P Causton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Charlwood Place, SW1V Charlwood Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Charlwood Street, SW1V Charlwood Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Cheylesmore House, SW1W Residential block
Chichester Street, SW1V Chichester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Churchill Gardens Road, SW1V Churchill Gardens Road is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Churchill Gardens, SW1V Churchill Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Churton Place, SW1V Churton Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Churton Street, SW1V Churton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Clarendon Street, SW1V Clarendon Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Claverton Street, SW1V Claverton Street runs from Lupus Street to Grosvenor Road.
Crown Reach Riverside Walk, SW1V Crown Reach Riverside Walk is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Cumberland Street, SW1V Cumberland Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Dells Mews, SW1V Dells Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Denbigh Mews, SW1V Denbigh Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Denbigh Place, SW1V Denbigh Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Denbigh Street, SW1V Denbigh Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Dolphin Square East Side, SW1V Dolphin Square consists of blocks of private flats built between 1935 and 1937.
Dolphin Square West, SW1V Dolphin Square West is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Drummond Gate, SW1V Drummond Gate is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Duncan House, SW1V Residential block
Ebury Bridge Road, SW1W Ebury Bridge Road used to lead to Ebury Bridge which spanned the Grosvenor Canal.
Ebury Bridge, SW1V Ebury Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Eccleston Square Mews, SW1V Eccleston Square Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Eccleston Square, SW1V Eccleston Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Egerton House, SW1V Residential block
Erasmus Street, SW1P Erasmus Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Frobisher House, SW1V Residential block
Garden Terrace, SW1V Garden Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Garrison Square, SW1W Garrison Square is a location in London.
Glasgow Terrace, SW1V Glasgow Terrace has coexisted with the name of Caledonia Street.
Gloucester Street, SW1V Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Grosvenor Road, SW1V Grosvenor Road forms part of the Thames embankment.
Grosvenor Road, SW1W Grosvenor Road is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Guildhouse Street, SW1V Guildhouse Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Hatherley Street, SW1V Hatherley Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Herrick Street, SW1P Herrick Street is a road in the SW1P postcode area
Johnson’s Place, SW1V Johnson’s Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Joseph Conrad House, SW1V Residential block
Keyes House, SW1V Residential block
Lindsay Square, SW1V Lindsay Square is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Longmoore Street, SW1V Longmoore Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Lupus Street, SW1V Lupus Street was named after Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester.
Lutyens House, SW1V Residential block
Moreton Place, SW1 Moreton Place is a road in the SW1 postcode area
Moreton Street, SW1V Moreton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Moreton Terrace Mews North, SW1V Moreton Terrace Mews North is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Neate House, SW1V Residential block
Nelson House, SW1V Residential block
Paxton Terrace, SW1V Paxton Terrace is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Peabody Avenue, SW1V Peabody Avenue is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Peabody Avenue, SW1V Peabody Avenue, completed in 1885, is a monument to the birth of social housing.
Ponsonby Place, SW1V Ponsonby Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Ponsonby Terrace, SW1V Ponsonby Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1P postal area.
Pulford Street, SW1V Pulford Street was a street between its construction in 1848 and demolition after the Second World War.
Rampayne Street, SW1V Rampayne Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Ranelagh Grove, SW1W Ranelagh Grove was formerly called Wilderness Row and Ranelagh Walk.
Ranelagh Road, SW1V Ranelagh Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Rivermill, SW1V Rivermill is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Riverside Walk, SW1P Riverside Walk skirts the gardens of the same name.
St Barnabas Mews, SW1W St Barnabas Mews is a road in the SW1W postcode area
St Barnabas Street, SW1W St Barnabas Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
St George’s Square, SW1V St Georges Square is a long narrow space reaching to the river with an enclosed garden in the centre.
St Georges Drive, SW1V St Georges Drive is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
St Georges Row, SW1V St Georges Row was built as Monster Row circa 1785, and renamed in 1833.
St Saviours Hall, SW1V St Saviours Hall is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Sussex Street, SW1V Sussex Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Sutherland Street, SW1V Sutherland Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Tachbrook Street, SW1V Tachbrook Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
The Arcade, SW1V The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Thorndike Street, SW1V Thorndike Street is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Tintern House, SW1V Residential block
Turpentine Lane, SW1V Turpentine Lane is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Vauxhall Bridge Road, SW1V Vauxhall Bridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Vauxhall Bridge, SW1V Vauxhall Bridge is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Warwick Place North, SW1V Warwick Place North is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Warwick Square Mews, SW1V Warwick Square Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Warwick Square, SW1V Warwick Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Warwick Way, SW1V Warwick Way is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
West Mews, SW1V West Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Westmoreland Terrace, SW1V Westmoreland Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Winchester Street, SW1V Winchester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.




LOCAL PHOTOS
Click here to see map view of nearby Creative Commons images
Click here to see Creative Commons images near to this postcode
The 52 bus
TUM image id: 1556876554
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Broadway SW1
TUM image id: 1530117235
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Antrobus Street sign
TUM image id: 1601897046
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Wood engraving showing mothers, with their children, exercising at Tothill Fields Prison, London. Shelfmark: Crime 9 (64)
Credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9228986
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Lillington Gardens estate
Credit: Ewan Munro
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Victoria coach station’s temporary base, 1929, where the Tachbrook Estate is now. The King’s Scholar Pond sewer is on the left.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Nine Elms Station map in the 1850s with the new line to Waterloo on right.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Pulford Street being demolished
Credit: Peabody Trust
Licence: CC BY 2.0


"A Sunset with a View of Nine Elms" (c.1755)
Credit: Samuel Scott/Tate Britain
Licence:


Print-friendly version of this page

  Contact us · Copyright policy · Privacy policy