Oxendon Street, W1D

Road in/near Westminster, existing between 1675 and now

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Road · Westminster · W1D ·
FEBRUARY
1
2020

Oxendon Street, after Sir Henry Oxendon, husband of Mary Baker, daughter of Robert Baker who built the former Piccadilly House nearby.

Panton Street and Oxendon Street stand on the site of the close of land marked on the plan of 1585 as Scavengers Close. The area of Scavengers Close was three acres, but discrepancies in measurements were of frequent occurrence at this date.

Scavengers Close was bought by Henry VIII from the Mercers’ Company and described in a list of the "Kynges new purchest landes" as "iii acres of pasture in a close ny to the muse" in the tenure of Thomas Wood.

The plan of 1585 shows a building marked "Gynnpowder howse" in the north-west corner and three other small buildings, one of which may have been the conduit referred to in various deeds. In 1619 Richard Wilson, a descendant of Thomas, sold extensive property in the parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields to Robert Baker, whose widow, together with her daughter Mary and her son-in-law, Henry Oxenden, in 1637 granted a 32 years’ lease of "a messuage, a cookhouse, a tennis court and 4 acres of ground" there to Simon Osbaldeston.

In 1631 Osbaldeston had obtained through his patron, Philip Herbert, Lord Chamberlain, a royal grant to keep Spring Garden and its bowling green. The public were forbidden to go there in 1634 and Osbaldeston, in order to make up for this loss of income, opened a similar establishment near the Mews, which included not only the "ordinary" and tennis court mentioned in his lease, but was also "made to entertain gamesters and bowlers at an excessive rate." The place came to be known alternatively as Piccadilly House (from its position at the end of Piccadilly) or Shaver’s Hall (probably in reference to Osbaldeston’s having served as "gentleman barber" to the Lord Chamberlain). In 1640–1 Shaver’s Hall was taken over by Captain Geares. Both Hall and tennis court were built of brick - the latter had a tiled roof.

In 1669 Shaver’s Hall was bought by Thomas Panton, succinctly described by the Dictionary of National Biography as a "gambler". who devised an urban plan. Sir Christopher Wren reported that "by opening a new street from the Hay-markett into Leicester-fields" Panton’s scheme would "ease in some measure the great passage of the Strand, and will cure the noysomness of that part," and recommended that a licence to build be granted provided that the houses were built of brick "with sufficient scantlings, good paving in the streets, and sufficient sewers and conveighances for the water." Panton Street first appears in the ratebooks in 1674 and Oxendon Street, named after Baker’s son-in-law, in 1675. Panton was also responsible for the erection of houses on the east side of the Haymarket at this time.

Oxendon Street was, according to Strype, "a good, open, well built, and inhabited Street"; with "a Chapel of Ease, called, The Tabernacle" on the west side. This chapel, which lay to the east of Coventry House, was built by Richard Baxter. The chapel was opened in 1676 but, in the words of the then Vicar of St. Martin’s: "Mr. Baxter being disturbed in his Meeting House in Oxenden Street by the King’s drums, which Mr. Secretary Coventry caused to be beat under the windows, made an offer of letting it to the parish of St. Martin’s at the rent of £40 a year. His Lordship hearing of it said he liked it well, and thereupon Mr. Baxter came to him himself, and upon his proposing the same thing to him, he acquainted the Vestry, and they took it upon those terms."

The chapel was fitted up for Church of England services at the expense of the pewholders, and it was maintained as a daughter church of St. Martin’s until the completion of the new church in 1726, though in 1684 when St. James’s was constituted a parish church it was thought that the extra chapel would prove superfluous.


Main source: Survey of London
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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

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Added: 7 Jan 2022 07:17 GMT   

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Added: 11 Sep 2020 19:47 GMT   

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The Daily Mail on 14 April 1903 reported "MILLIONS OF RATS IN BUSY LONDON"

A rat plague, unprecedented in the annals of London, has broken out on the north side of the Strand. The streets principally infested are Catherine street, Drury lane, Blackmore street, Clare Market and Russell street. Something akin to a reign of terror prevails among the inhabitants after nightfall. Women refuse to pass along Blackmore street and the lower parts of Stanhope street after dusk, for droves of rats perambulate the roadways and pavements, and may be seen running along the window ledges of the empty houses awaiting demolition by the County Council in the Strand to Holborn improvement scheme.

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Bra top
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Added: 21 Jun 2022 21:40 GMT   

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Norris Street, SW1Y Norris Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
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Piccadilly, SW1Y Piccadilly is a road in the SW1Y postcode area
Piccadilly, SW1Y Piccadilly is one of the main London streets.
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Regent Place, W1B Regent Place is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Regent Street, SW1Y Regent Street is a location in London.
Regent Street, W1B Regent Street is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Regent Street, W1B Regent Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Regent Street, W1B This is a street in the W1J postcode area
Regent Victoria Path, E2 Regent Victoria Path is a location in London.
Richmond Mews, W1D Richmond Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Romilly Street, W1D Romilly Street is a small street that runs behind Shaftesbury Avenue and takes its name from lawyer Samuel Romilly.
Rose and Crown Yard, SW1Y Rose and Crown Yard is a road in the SW1Y postcode area
Rose Street, WC2N Rose Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Royal Opera Arcade, SW1Y Royal Opera Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Rupert Court, W1D Rupert Court was named for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, the First Lord of the Admiralty when the court was built in 1676.
Rupert Street, W1D Rupert Street – after Prince Rupert of the Rhine, noted 17th century general and son of Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I.
Ryder Street, SW1A Ryder Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Sackville Street, W1S Sackville Street is one of the streets of London in the W1S postal area.
Sandringham Court, W1F Sandringham Court can be found on Dufour’s Place
Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D Shaftesbury Avenue is a major street in the West End of London, named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury.
Sherwood Street, W1F Sherwood Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Shield Street, SE15 Shield Street is a location in London.
Silver Place, W1F Silver Place is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Slingsby Place, WC2E Slingsby Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Smiths Court, W1D Smiths Court is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Spring Gardens, WC2N Spring Gardens derives its name from the Spring Garden, formed in the 16th century as an addition to the pleasure grounds of Whitehall Palace.
St Albans Street, SW1Y St Albans Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St James Square, SW1Y St James Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Jamess Chambers, SW1Y St Jamess Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Jamess Market, SW1Y St Jamess Market is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Jamess Square, SW1Y St James’s Square is the only square in district of St James’s.
St James’s Place, SW1A St James’s Place is a road in the SW1A postcode area
St James’s Street, SW1A St James’s Street is a main road of the West End running from Pall Mall to Piccadilly.
St Martins Court, WC2H St Martins Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
St Martins Lane, WC2N St Martins Lane runs up to Seven Dials from St Martin’s-in-the-Fields.
St Martins Place, WC2N St Martin’s Place is a short stretch connecting Trafalgar Square to the bottom of Charing Cross Road.
St Martins Street, WC2H St Martins Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
St. Kilda’s Road, SW1A A street within the N16 postcode
Strand, WC2N Strand begins its journey east at Trafalgar Square.
Studio 5, SW1A A street within the E1 postcode
Suffolk Place, SW1Y The Earl of Suffolk (Thomas Howard) was the reason for the naming of Suffolk Place.
Suffolk Street, SW1Y Suffolk Street was named after Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, who owned a stable yard attached to Northumberland House which lay on this site.
Swallow Street, W1B Swallow Street honours Thomas Swallow, lessee in 1540 of the pastures on which the road was built.
The Arches, WC2N The Arches is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
The London Pavillion, SW1Y The London Pavilion is a building on Piccadilly Circus.
The National Gallery, SW1Y The National Gallery is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Thomas Hardy Mews, SW16 Thomas Hardy Mews is a location in London.
Thunderer Walk, SW1A A street within the postcode
Tisbury Court, W1D Tisbury Court is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Tower Court, WC2H Tower Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Tower Street, WC2H Tower Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Trafalgar Square, WC2N Trafalgar Square commemorates Horatio Nelson’s 1805 victory at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Upper James Street, W1F Upper James Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Upper John Street, W1F Upper John Street is a road in the W1F postcode area
Upper St Martin’s Lane, WC2H This is a street in the WC2H postcode area
Vigo Street, W1J Vigo Street is a short street running west from Regent Street.
Villiers Street, WC2N Villiers Street was named after George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
Walkers Court, Walkers Court lies within the postcode.
Walker’s Court, W1D Walker’s Court is one of the many passageways which in past years was known as ’Paved Alley’.
Wallis Walk, E16 Wallis Walk is location of London.
Wardour Street, W1D The W1D part of Wardour Street south of Shaftesbury Avenue runs through London’s Chinatown.
Wards Place, E14 Wards Place is location of London.
Warwick House Street, SW1A Warwick House Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Warwick Street, W1B Warwick Street is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Waterloo Place, SW1Y Waterloo Place, a broad extension of Regent Street, is awash with statues and monuments that honour heroes and statesmen of the British Empire. It is framed by palatial buildings designed by John Nash, the famed Regency-era architect and Decimus Burton, his protégé.
West Street, WC2H West Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Whitcomb Street, WC2H Whitcomb Street - named after William Whitcomb, 17th century brewer and property developer.
Whitehall Place, SW1A Whitehall Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Wilder Walk, W1F This is a street in the W1B postcode area
William IV Street, WC2R William IV Street runs from Charing Cross Road to the Strand.
Winnett Street, W1D Winnett Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
York Place, WC2N York Place marks the location of a house on this site.

NEARBY PUBS
Admiral Duncan The Admiral Duncan is well-known as one of Soho’s oldest gay pubs.
Ape and Bird This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bar Termini This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Be@One This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Blocks Cafe This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Cirque Du Soir This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Clock House The Coach & Horses is a pub on the corner of Romilly Street and Greek Street.
Comptons Of Soho This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
De Hems De Hems has become a base for London’s Dutch community, serving bitterballen and frikandellen.
Duke Of Argyll This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Duke of Wellington This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Glasshouse Stores This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Golden Lion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Graphic Bar This bar used to be known as the Midas Touch.
Jamies Italian This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Leicester Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Lyric This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
New Ambassadors Theatre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
O’Neills This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Old Coffee House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Prince Of Wales Theatre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Red Lion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Shampers Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
St James’ Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
St Martin’s Theatre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Sun & 13 Cantons This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Cambridge Theatre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Glassblower This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The John Snow This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Life Goddess This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The O’ Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Queen’s Head This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Shaston Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Sussex This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Yard Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Three Greyhounds This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Two Brewers This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Unknown as yet This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Waxy O’Connors This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Waxy’s Little Sister This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
West Harrow This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White Horse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White Horse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Westminster

Westminster - heart of government.

While the underground station dates from 1868, Westminster itself is almost as old as London itself. It has a large concentration of London’s historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.

Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall, and Westminster is consequently also used in reference to the ’Westminster System’, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.

The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret’s church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.

The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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William Shakespeare
TUM image id: 1509551019
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Transmission
TUM image id: 1509553463
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Hungerford Stairs circa 1828
TUM image id: 1557403389
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Tottenham Court Road (1927)
TUM image id: 1556973109
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Theatreland, Shaftesbury Avenue
Credit: IG/my.wandering.journey
Licence: CC BY 2.0


William Shakespeare
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Transmission
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Trafalgar Square was a former station on the Bakerloo Line before it combined with Strand station on the Northern Line to become the new Charing Cross underground station.
Credit: The Underground Map
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Strand stretches along the River Thames between Trafalgar Square and Aldwych
Credit: The Underground Map
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Piccadilly Theatre (2007)
Credit: Turquoisefish
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Buses outside the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square. Date of photo unknown
Credit: Stockholm Transport Museum
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Tottenham Court Road (1927)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


London Hippodrome in 2017
Credit: Ethan Doyle White
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Sectional view of Wyld's Great Globe, which stood in Leicester Square, London 1851–62
Credit: Illustrated London News
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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