College Crescent, NW3

Road in/near Swiss Cottage, existing between 1842 and now

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Road · Swiss Cottage · NW3 ·
APRIL
3
2021

College Crescent was built by the Eyre family.

The Eyre family were local landowners and became keen to promote building. In 1794 a plan was drawn up on the model of Bath, with a crescent, circus and a square. The plan was never executed but from 1802 development on the Eyre estate was directed by John Shaw, a young architect inspired by the town-planning ideals of the late 18th century. In 1803-4 he exhibited views of a projected circus and in 1807 building began on the Marylebone portion.

In 1819 Col. Eyre began the first of several attempts to promote the construction of a public road through his estate, ultimately successful in the Finchley Road Act of 1826. Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, the southern part of which existed by 1824, went northward into the Hampstead portion of Eyre’s land and were built by 1829. The Swiss Cottage tavern was built at the apex of the two roads by 1841.

College Crescent was then laid out in the 1840s, and by 1852 the first thirteen houses had been built there. These houses were stuccoed terraces with iron balconies built by W. Wartnaby.

More buildings included the school for the blind, built in 1848 at the southern junction of College Crescent and Avenue Road and enlarged in 1864, 1878, and 1912; of brick with stone dressings, it had an Italianate central block with two wings.

The North Star pub opened in 1850 and, enclosed by the curve of College Crescent, the New College of Independent Dissenters, for training ministers, was opened in 1851 in a building designed in an early Tudor style by J. T. Emmett. He also designed the college’s Gothic chapel, opened soon afterwards to the south, at the junction of Avenue Road and Adelaide Road.

Immediately south of the blind school a large house, Sunnyside (later St. Columba’s hospital), with a Greek Doric porch, was built by 1862.

Samuel Palmer, of the biscuit firm, lived at no. 40 College Crescent, a large house called Northcourt built in 1881.

New College and much of College Crescent were pulled down in 1934 and replaced by Northways, two concrete blocks of flats and shops by London & City Real Estate.

Redevelopment of the site previously occupied by the school for the blind, St. Columba’s hospital, and the New College Chapel, was considered in 1957. A scheme for a civic centre was published in 1959 by the architect, Basil Spence, and part of it, the library and the adjoining swimming baths, was opened in 1964.

In 1962 Hampstead theatre opened on a site north of the library that had been intended for civic buildings.

Originally the street has three names along its length. From the North Star it was ’College Villas Road’. The following section was ’College Terrace’. Only the final section near to the Blind School was it ’College Crescent’.




Main source: A History of the County of Middlesex | British History Online
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Lived here
Cassandra Green   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 14:34 GMT   

Rudall Crescent, NW3 (- 1999)
I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

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James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:30 GMT   

Kilburn Park - opened 1915
Kilburn Park station was opened at the height of the First World War

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Comment
Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.


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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:49 GMT   

A bit of a lift....
Kilburn Park was the first station to be designed around escalators, rather than lifts.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
Katharina Logan   
Added: 9 Aug 2022 19:01 GMT   

Ely place existed in name in 1857
On 7th July 1857 John James Chase and Mary Ann Weekes were married at St John the Baptist Hoxton, he of full age and she a minor. Both parties list their place of residence as Ely Place, yet according to other information, this street was not named until 1861. He was a bricklayer, she had no occupation listed, but both were literate and able to sign their names on their marriage certificate.

Source: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSF7-Q9Y7?cc=3734475

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Reginald John Gregory   
Added: 8 Aug 2022 14:07 GMT   

Worked in the vicinity of my ancestor’s house,
Between the years 1982-1998 (unknown to me at the time) I worked in an office close to the site of my ancestors cottage. I discovered this when researching family history - the cottage was mentioned in the 1871 census for Colindeep Lane/Ancient Street coming up from the Hyde. The family lived in the ares betwen 1805 and 1912.

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Barry J. Page   
Added: 27 Jul 2022 19:41 GMT   

Highbury Corner V1 Explosion
Grandma described the V1 explosion at Highbury Corner on many occasions. She was working in the scullery when the flying bomb landed. The blast shattered all the windows in the block of flats and blew off the bolt on her front door. As she looked out the front room window, people in various states of injury and shock were making their way along Highbury Station Road. One man in particular, who was bleeding profusely from glass shard wounds to his neck, insisted in getting home to see if his family was all right. Others were less fortunate. Len, the local newsagent, comforted a man, who had lost both legs caused by the blast, until the victim succumbed to his injuries. The entire area was ravaged and following are statistics. The flying bomb landed during lunch hour (12:46 p.m.) on June 27th 1944. 26 people lost their lives, 84 were seriously injured and 71 slightly injured.

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Comment
ANON   
Added: 20 Jul 2022 13:36 GMT   

The Square & Ashmore park
The Square and Ashmore park was the place to be 2000-2005. Those were the greatest times on the estate. everyday people were playing out. the park was full of kids just being kids and having fun, now everyone is grown up and only bump into eachother when heading to the shops or work. I miss the good days( Im 25yrs old as im writing this)

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Spotted here
   
Added: 18 Jul 2022 13:56 GMT   

Map of Thornsett Road Esrlsfield


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Born here
Carolyn Hirst   
Added: 16 Jul 2022 15:21 GMT   

Henry James Hirst
My second great grandfather Henry James Hirst was born at 18 New Road on 11 February 1861. He was the eighth of the eleven children of Rowland and Isabella Hirst. I think that this part of New Road was also known at the time as Gloucester Terrace.

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Lived here
Richard   
Added: 12 Jul 2022 21:36 GMT   

Elgin Crescent, W11
Richard Laitner (1955-1983), a barrister training to be a doctor at UCL, lived here in 1983. He was murdered aged 28 with both his parents after attending his sister’s wedding in Sheffield in 1983. The Richard Laitner Memorial Fund maintains bursaries in his memory at UCL Medical School

Source: Ancestry Library Edition

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Comment
Anthony Mckay   
Added: 11 Jul 2022 00:12 GMT   

Bankfield Cottages, Ass House Lane, Harrow Weald
Bankfield Cottages (now demolished) at the end of Ass House Lane, appear twice in ’The Cheaters’ televison series (made 1960) in the episodes ’The Fine Print’ and ’Tine to Kill’

Source: THE CHEATERS: Episode Index

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Central School of Speech and Drama The Royal Central School of Speech & Drama was founded in 1906 to offer a new form of training in speech and drama for young actors and other students.
Finchley Road Finchley Road is on the Jubilee line, between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage and on the Metropolitan line between Baker Street and Wembley Park.
Hall School The Hall School is an independent boys’ preparatory school in Belsize Park.
South Hampstead High School South Hampstead High School is an independent day school.
St Mary’s Town and Country School St. Mary’s Town and Country School was an independent, non-denominational, co-educational progressive day and boarding school.
Westbourne Pond Westbourne Pond is marked on the 1830 Greenwood map as the source of the Westbourne River.
Winchester Hotel Winchester Hotel was situated at 21a Winchester Road, NW3

NEARBY STREETS
Adamson Road, NW3 Adamson Road is named after either a contractor or architect to Eton College.
Alban House, NW3 Residential block
Avenue Road, NW3 Avenue Road dates from 1829.
Baynes Mews, NW3 Baynes Mews is a mews within the conservation area of Belsize Park.
Belsize Road, NW6 Belsize Road is a major road in NW6, parallel to the railway.
Belsize Square, NW3 Belsize Square is a street in Hampstead.
Boydell Court, NW8 Boydell Court is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Briary Close, NW3 Briary Close is a street in Hampstead.
Broadhurst Gardens, NW6 Broadhurst Gardens is in West Hampstead, NW6
Buckland Crescent, NW3 Buckland Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Canfield Gardens, NW6 Canfield Gardens was first laid out in 1881.
Canfield Place, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Central Avenue, NW3 Central Avenue is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Coleridge Gardens, NW8 Street/road in London NW6
Court Close, NW8 Court Close is a location in London.
Crossfield Road, NW3 Crossfield Road is a street in Hampstead.
Daleham Gardens, NW3 Daleham Gardens dates from the 1880s.
Dobson Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Eton Avenue, NW3 Eton Avenue is a street in Hampstead.
Eton Court, NW3 Eton Court is a street in Hampstead.
Fairfax Mansions, NW3 Fairfax Mansions is a street in Hampstead.
Fairfax Place, NW6 Fairfax Place has undergone name changes - at first Victoria Mews and then Fairfax Mews.
Fairfax Road, NW6 Fairfax Road runs south from the Finchley Road to Belsize Road.
Fairhazel Gardens, NW6 Fairhazel Gardens runs from Broadhurst Gardens to Goldhurst Terrace.
Fellow Road, NW3 Fellow Road is a location in London.
Fellowes Road, NW3 Fellowes Road is a location in London.
Finchley Road, NW3 Finchley Road is one of north London’s main roads.
Glenilla Road, NW3 Glenilla Road is a street in Hampstead.
Goldhurst Terrace, NW6 Goldhurst Terrace was laid out in the late 1870s.
Goldhurst Terrace, NW6 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Greencroft Gardens, NW6 Greencroft Gardens dates from 1884-5.
Harben Parade, NW3 Harben Parade is a parade of shops along Finchley Road.
Harben Road, NW6 Harben Road was first known as Albion Road.
Harley Road, NW3 Harley Road is a street in Hampstead.
Hawtrey Road, NW3 Hawtrey Road is a street in Hampstead.
Hilgrove Road, NW6 Hilgrove Road was previously the western section of Adelaide Road, called Adelaide Road North.
Hornby Close, NW3 Hornby Close is a street in Hampstead.
Huson Close, NW3 Huson Close is a street in Hampstead.
Jade Terrace, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
King’s College Road, NW3 King?s College Road is a street in Hampstead.
Kings College Road, NW3 Kings College Road is a location in London.
Lambolle Road, NW3 Lambolle Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lancaster Drive, NW3 Lancaster Drive is a street in Hampstead.
Lancaster Gardens, NW3 Lancaster Gardens is a location in London.
Lancaster Grove, NW3 Lancaster Grove is a street in Hampstead.
Marsfield Gardens, NW3 Marsfield Gardens is a location in London.
Marston Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
McCrone Mews, NW3 McCrone Mews is a mews - formerly the location of a depot of the London Parcel Delivery Company.
Mora Burnett House, NW3 Mora Burnett House is a location in London.
Naseby Close, NW3 Street/road in London NW6
Naseby Close, NW6 Naseby Close is a location in London.
New College Parade, NW3 New College Parade is a street in Hampstead.
Noel House, NW3 Residential block
Northways Parade, NW3 Northways Parade replaced New College which was mainly located in College Crescent
O2 Centre, NW3 O2 Centre is a location in London.
Regency Parade, NW3 Regency Parade is a street in Hampstead.
Rosslyn Mansions, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
St Johns Court, NW6 St Johns Court is a retail and residential block beside Finchley Road station.
St. Johns Wood Park, NW8 St. Johns Wood Park is a location in London.
Strathray Gardens, NW3 Strathray Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Swiss Cottage Centre, NW3 Swiss Cottage Centre is a location in London.
Swiss Terrace, NW3 Swiss Terrace connects Belsize Road with the Swiss Cottage junction.
Trinity Walk, NW3 Trinity Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Wadham Gardens, NW3 Wadham Gardens is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Winchester Road, NW3 Winchester Road is named after the first Provost of Eton, William Waynflete Bishop of Winchester.

NEARBY PUBS
North Star This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Arches This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Wetherspoons This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Winchester Hotel Winchester Hotel was situated at 21a Winchester Road, NW3
Ye Olde Swiss Cottage This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Swiss Cottage

Swiss Cottage is named after an inn called The Swiss Tavern that was built in 1804 in the style of a Swiss chalet and on the site of a former tollgate keeper’s cottage.

The district formed part of the ancient parish of Hampstead. It developed following the Finchley Road Act 1826, which authorised construction of Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, with The Swiss Tavern located at the junction of the new roads. The neighbourhood around Finchley Road and Avenue Road was redeveloped in 1937 and 1938 with the opening of an Odeon cinema and the Regency Lodge flats. After World War II, local authority housing was constructed by the London County Council in the area.

Local amenities include an Odeon Cinema, Sir Basil Spence’s Grade II-listed Swiss Cottage Central Library and the Hampstead Theatre. Swiss Cottage is the location of the Royal Central School of Speech and Drama that occasionally performs at the Embassy Theatre. Swiss Cottage Leisure Centre reopened in early 2006 after redevelopment; it now has two swimming pools, a gym and a climbing wall. Many of the area’s cityscapes and London street scenes, particularly of Swiss Cottage, Adamson Rd, Eton Ave and Belsize Park were represented by the Camden Town Group painter Robert Bevan and his wife, the Polish painter Stanislawa de Karlowska. They lived at 14 Adamson Road.

Swiss Cottage station was opened in 1868 as the northern terminus of the Metropolitan and St. John’s Wood Railway, the first northward branch extension from Baker Street of the Metropolitan Railway (now the Metropolitan line). From here, starting in 1879, the line was subsequently extended further to Watford, Amersham, Chesham and Uxbridge.

The current station was opened on 20 November 1939 on a new section of deep-level tunnel constructed between Baker Street and Finchley Road stations when the Metropolitan line’s services on its Stanmore branch were transferred to the Bakerloo line.

The new station initially operated as part of a combined station with the Metropolitan line’s adjacent sub-surface Swiss Cottage station (platforms 1 and 2 were Metropolitan line and 3 and 4 were Bakerloo line), but the Metropolitan line station was closed on 17 August 1940. The Bakerloo line station was subsequently transferred along with the rest of the Stanmore branch to the Jubilee line when it opened on 1 May 1979.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Swiss Cottage
TUM image id: 1455364693
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Royal Free Hospital
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Licence: CC BY 2.0
Victorian house under construction
TUM image id: 1483541885
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Meadowland with buttercups and daisies
TUM image id: 1483540144
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Belsize Avenue in Belsize Park
TUM image id: 1550088979
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Frognal, NW3
Credit: Google Maps
TUM image id: 1557403884
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Wedderburn Road, NW3
TUM image id: 1452676133
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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Swiss Cottage
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Aerial view of Goldhurst Open Space
Credit: Google Maps
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At Hampstead Heath station, a Stratford bound Overground train emerges from Hampstead Tunnel - the other end of the tunnel can be seen behind the oncoming train.
Credit: nick86235
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St. Mary’s Town & Country School logo as a woven badge
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Belsize Avenue in Belsize Park
Licence: CC BY 2.0


St Johns Court (built 1938)
Credit: https://manchesterhistory.net/
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Frognal, NW3
Credit: Google Maps
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Tower block, Swiss Cottage On Winchester Road, taken from Fellows Road
Credit: David Howard
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Wedderburn Road, NW3
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Winchester, Winchester Road, Swiss Cottage (1962)
Credit: Brian Fowler
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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