River Westbourne

River in/near Paddington, existing until now

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(51.51997 -0.18681, 51.519 -0.186) 
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River · * · W2 ·
JANUARY
4
2017

The Westbourne is one of the lost rivers of London.

The river was originally called the Kilburn (Cye Bourne – royal stream, ’Bourne and burn’ being the Germanic word equivalent to rivulet as in the geographical term ’winterbourne’) but has been known, at different times and in different places, as Kelebourne, Kilburn, Bayswater, Bayswater River, Bayswater Rivulet, Serpentine River, The Bourne, Westburn Brook, the Ranelagh River and the Ranelagh Sewer. It is of similar size to the Fleet.

Rising in Hampstead in two distinct branches, the river flows south through Kilburn (also the name of the river at that point) running west along Kilburn Park Road and then south along Shirland Road. After crossing Bishops Bridge Road, the river continued more or less due south, between what is now Craven Terrace and what is now Gloucester Terrace. At this point, the river was known until the early 19th century as the Bayswater rivulet and from that it gave its name to the area now known as Bayswater.

Originally Bayswater was the stretch of the stream where it crosses Bayswater Road, "Bayards Watering" in 1652 and "Bayards Watering Place" in 1654. It is said that there is a reference to Bayards Watering Place as early as 1380. There were a few houses at this spot in the eighteenth century and, it seems, a man called Bayard used or offered it as a watering place for horses on this road (formerly Uxbridge Road). The river enters Hyde Park at what is now the Serpentine. The Serpentine was formed in 1730 by building a dam across the Westbourne at the instigation of Queen Caroline, wife of George II, to beautify the royal park. The Westbourne ceased to provide the water for the Serpentine in 1834, as the culverted Westbourne had become the most convenient main sewer and the Serpentine is now supplied from three boreholes from the upper chalk underneath Hyde Park.

The Westbourne left Hyde Park (both before and after it had been dammed to form the Serpentine) at Knightsbridge which was originally a bridge over the Westbourne itself. It is recorded that, in the year 1141, the citizens of London met Matilda of England (Queen Maud) at this bridge. The river ran from Knightsbridge south under Bourne Street, SW1 and follows very closely the boundary between the City of Westminster and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, joining the River Thames at Chelsea.

The waters of the Westbourne or Bayswater were originally pure and in 1437 and 1439 conduits were laid to carry water from the Westbourne into the City of London, for drinking. In the 19th century, however, the water became filthy and impure by its use as a sewer, and the rise of the water closet as the prevailing form of sanitation.

When Belgravia, Chelsea and Paddington were developed, it became necessary to drive the river Westbourne underground to build over it. The river was therefore directed into pipes in the early part of the 19th century, work which was completed in the 1850s. Since then, the Westbourne has been one of the lost rivers of London, running underground in a pipe.

The pipe can still be seen running above the platform of Sloane Square tube station. It is located just below the ceiling towards the end of the platforms closest to the exits. The pipe is the original one constructed in the 19th century. Although the station was badly bombed during the Battle of Britain in November 1940, the old iron pipe was not damaged.

After flowing beneath the location of the Chelsea Flower Show and beneath a corner of Chelsea Barracks, the river flows into the Thames. Its lower course is, like the Thames, tidal.

A vestige of the river, a wide quay opens into the river Thames about 300 yards (270 m) west of Chelsea Bridge. An overflow outfall, from a pipe named the Ranelagh Sewer, can still be seen at low tide, as most of the Westbourne’s course has been used as a convenient depression in the land to place the local sewerage system, some of which takes surface water to form a combined sewer which links to two intercept sewers, the Middle Level Sewer and the Northern Low Level Sewer in the London sewerage system.


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Lived here
Brenda Jackson   
Added: 13 Aug 2017 21:39 GMT   

83 Pembroke Road
My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.

Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his wife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

Apparently the extended family also lived for many years in Alpha Place, Canterbury Road, Peel Road,

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Fumblina   
Added: 27 Mar 2021 11:13 GMT   

St Jude’s Church, Lancefield Street
Saint Jude’s was constructed in 1878, while the parish was assigned in 1879 from the parish of Saint John, Kensal Green (P87/JNE2). The parish was united with the parishes of Saint Luke (P87/LUK1) and Saint Simon (P87/SIM) in 1952. The church was used as a chapel of ease for a few years, but in 1959 it was closed and later demolished.

The church is visible on the 1900 map for the street on the right hand side above the junction with Mozart Street.

Source: SAINT JUDE, KENSAL GREEN: LANCEFIELD STREET, WESTMINSTER | Londo

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Fumblina   
Added: 27 Mar 2021 11:08 GMT   

Wedding at St Jude’s Church
On 9th November 1884 Charles Selby and Johanna Hanlon got married in St Jude’s Church on Lancefield Street. They lived together close by at 103 Lancefield Street.
Charles was a Lather, so worked in construction. He was only 21 but was already a widower.
Johanna is not shown as having a profession but this is common in the records and elsewhere she is shown as being an Ironer or a Laundress. It is possible that she worked at the large laundry shown at the top of Lancefield Road on the 1900 map. She was also 21. She was not literate as her signature on the record is a cross.
The ceremony was carried out by William Hugh Wood and was witnessed by Charles H Hudson and Caroline Hudson.

Source: https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/1623/images/31280_197456-00100?pId=6694792

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:30 GMT   

Kilburn Park - opened 1915
Kilburn Park station was opened at the height of the First World War

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PETER FAIRCLOUGH   
Added: 10 May 2021 14:46 GMT   

We once lived here
My family resided at number 53 Brindley Street Paddington.
My grandparents George and Elizabeth Jenkinson (ne Fowler) had four children with my Mother Olive Fairclough (ne Jenkinson) being born in the house on 30/09/1935.
She died on 29/04/2021 aged 85 being the last surviving of the four siblings

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Lived here
David Jones-Parry   
Added: 7 Sep 2017 12:13 GMT   

Mcgregor Road, W11 (1938 - 1957)
I was born n bred at 25 Mc Gregor Rd in 1938 and lived there until I joined the Royal Navy in 1957. It was a very interesting time what with air raid shelters,bombed houses,water tanks all sorts of areas for little boys to collect scrap and sell them on.no questions asked.A very happy boyhood -from there we could visit most areas of London by bus and tube and we did.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:49 GMT   

A bit of a lift....
Kilburn Park was the first station to be designed around escalators, rather than lifts.

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charlie evans   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 18:51 GMT   

apollo pub 1950s
Ted Lengthorne was the landlord of the apollo in the 1950s. A local called darkie broom who lived at number 5 lancaster road used to be the potman,I remember being in the appollo at a street party that was moved inside the pub because of rain for the queens coronation . Not sure how long the lengthornes had the pub but remember teds daughter julie being landlady in the early 1970,s

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Born here
Ron Shepherd   
Added: 18 Sep 2021 17:28 GMT   

More Wisdom
Norman Joseph Wisdom was born in St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, West London.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
John Neill   
Added: 25 Nov 2021 11:30 GMT   

Sandringham Road, E10 (1937 - 1966)
I lived at No. 61 with my parents during these years. I went to Canterbury Road school (now Barclay Primary) and sang as a boy soprano (treble) in the church choir at St Andrew’s church, on the corner of Forest Glade.
Opposite us lived the Burgess family. Their son Russell also sang in my choir as a tenor. He later became a well-known musician and the choirmaster at Wandsworth Boys’ School.
Just at the end of WW2 a German rocket (V2) landed in the grounds of Whipps Cross Hospital, damaging many of the houses in Sandringham Road, including ours.

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Tim Stevenson   
Added: 16 Nov 2021 18:03 GMT   

Pub still open
The Bohemia survived the 2020/21 lockdowns and is still a thriving local social resource.

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STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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Sir Walter Besant   
Added: 11 Nov 2021 18:47 GMT   

Sir Walter adds....
All the ground facing Wirtemberg Street at Chip and Cross Streets is being levelled for building and the old houses are disappearing fast. The small streets leading through into little Manor Street are very clean and tenanted by poor though respectable people, but little Manor Street is dirty, small, and narrow. Manor Street to Larkhall Rise is a wide fairly clean thoroughfare of mixed shops and houses which improves towards the north. The same may be said of Wirtemberg Street, which commences poorly, but from the Board School north is far better than at the Clapham end.

Source: London: South of the Thames - Chapter XX by Sir Walter Besant (1912)

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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tom   
Added: 3 Nov 2021 05:16 GMT   

I met
someone here 6 years ago

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Fion Anderson   
Added: 2 Nov 2021 12:55 GMT   

Elstree not Borehamwood
Home of the UK film industry

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Bishop’s Bridge Bishop’s Bridge, sometimes known as Paddington Bridge, is a road bridge which carries Bishop’s Bridge Road across the rail approaches to Paddington station
Bridge House Canal side house in Westbourne Park
Desborough Lodge Desborough Lodge was a house which was one of five grand houses in the village of Westbourne Green.
Kilburn Aqueduct Some way from the area now called Kilburn, the Kilburn Aqueduct of the Grand Union Canal spanned the River Westbourne.
Red Lion Bridge Harrow Road once spanned the River Westbourne at this point.
River Westbourne The Westbourne is one of the lost rivers of London.
Royal Oak Royal Oak is a station on the Hammersmith and City Line, between Westbourne Park and Paddington stations, and is the least used station on the Hammersmith and City line.
Spotted Dog The Spotted Dog public house was one of the earliest buildings in Westbourne Green.
Warwick Avenue Warwick Avenue is an area, street and a Bakerloo Line tube station near Little Venice.
Westbourne Farm Westbourne Farm - an old farm with a theatrical connection.
Westbourne Green The story of the building of a suburb.
Westbourne House Two hundred years ago, the biggest house hereabouts...
Westbourne Lodge Westbourne Lodge appeared in one of the earliest photographs in London.
Westbourne Manor The Manor of Westbourne

NEARBY STREETS
Abourne Street, W9 Before the Second World War, Abourne Street had been called Netley Street.
Admiral Walk, W9 Admiral Walk is a street in Maida Vale.
Aldsworth Close, W9 Aldsworth Close is a pale buff brick terrace.
Alexander Mews, W2 Alexander Mews is a street in Paddington.
Alexander Street, W2 Alexander Street was built in 1853 by Alexander Hall of Watergate House, Sussex.
Alfred Road, W2 Alfred Road is the last survivor of a set of Victorian streets.
Amberley Mews, W9 Amberley Mews starred as Tom Riley’s home in the 1950 movie "The Blue Lamp".
Amberley Road, W2 Amberley Road was formerly lined by canalside wharves.
Arthur Court, W2 Arthur Court is at the north-west end of Queensway.
Barnard Lodge, W9 Barnard Lodge is a street in Maida Vale.
Barnwood Close, W9 Barnwood Close replaced a set of canal-side industrial buildings.
Bishop’s Bridge, W2 Bishop’s Bridge is a road in the W2 postcode area
Bishop’s Bridge Road, W2 Bishop’s Bridge Road, now a main thoroughfare, began life as a footpath.
Blomfield Mews, W2 Blomfield Mews is a road in the W2 postcode area
Blomfield Road, W2 Blomfield Road is the road running beside the canal on the Little Venice side.
Blomfield Villas, W2 Blomfield Villas is a road in the W2 postcode area
Bourne Terrace, W2 Bourne Terrace is part of the Warwick Estate in Paddington and has 38 properties.
Brewers Court, W2 Brewers’ Court was finished in 1976.
Brindley Street, W2 Brindley Street was once one of the poorest streets in Paddington.
Bristol Gardens, W9 Bristol Gardens is an extension southeastwards of Shirland Road.
Burdett Mews, W2 Burdett Mews is a street in Paddington.
Caernarvon House, W2 The 1955-built Caernarvon House is on the Hallfield Estate.
Celbridge Mews, W2 Celbridge Mews is a street in Paddington.
Charfield Court, W9 Charfield Court is part of the 1972 Amberley Estate.
Chichester Road, W2 Chichester Road is a road in the W2 postcode area
Cirencester Street, W2 Cirencester Street came about in the 1860s but was shortened when the Warwick Estate was built.
Clarendon Crescent, W2 Clarendon Crescent was said to be the longest road in London without a turning.
Clearwell Drive, W9 Clearwell Drive is a newer street, roughly built over the line of the former Amberley Mews.
Cleveland Terrace, W2 Cleveland Terrace is a street in Paddington.
Clifton Villas, W9 Clifton Villas is a street in Maida Vale.
Delamere Terrace, W2 Delamere Terrace runs beside the Grand Union Canal towpath.
Desborough Close, W2 Desborough Close was named after Desborough House which was demolished in the 19th century.
Downfield Close, W9 Downfield Close is a street in Maida Vale.
Eastbourne Mews, W2 Eastbourne Mews is a road in the W2 postcode area
Ellwood Court, W9 Ellwood Court is a two-storey block.
Elsie Lane Court, W2 This is a street in the W2 postcode area
Foscote Mews, W9 This is a street in the W9 postcode area
Gaydon House, W2 Gaydon House is a 21-storey block containing 125 dwellings.
Gloucester Gardens, W2 Gloucester Gardens is a road in the W2 postcode area
Hampden Street, W2 Hampden Street is a now demolished street.
Harrow Road, W2 Harrow Road is one of the main arterial roads of London, leading northwest out of the capital.
Hatherley Court, W2 Hatherley Court is a 1930s block.
Hatherley Grove, W2 Hatherley Grove is a street in Paddington.
Howley Place, W2 Howley Place is a road in the W2 postcode area
Kildare Terrace, W2 Kildare Terrace is a street in Paddington.
Kingdom Street, W2 Kingdom Street is a road in the W2 postcode area
Lord Hills Road, W2 Lord Hill’s Road was at first called Ranelagh Road.
Marylands Road, W9 Marylands Road was built by the Neeld family during the 1860s.
Newton Road, W2 William Kinnaird Jenkins laid out Newton Road in 1846.
Oldbury House, W2 Oldbury House is a shopping parade along the Harrow Road with accommodation above, part of the Warwick Estate development.
Orsett Mews, W2 Orsett Mews is a road in the W2 postcode area
Orsett Terrace, W2 Orsett Terrace combined with Orsett Place to form one street in Paddington.
Park Place Villas, W2 Park Place Villas is a street in Paddington.
Pickering Place, W2 Pickering Place eventually became the northern section of Queensway.
Pickering Terrace, W2 Pickering Terrace was later part of Porchester Road.
Porchester Road, W2 Porchester Road has existed under a series of names since at least the 1750s.
Porchester Square, W2 Begun in 1850 and completed between 1855 and 1858, Porchester Square was one of the last areas of Bayswater to be built.
Porchester Terrace North, W2 Porchester Terrace North is a road in the W2 postcode area
Princethorpe House, W2 Residential block
Ralph Court, W2 Ralph Court backed Peter’s Court in Porchester Road.
Randolph Mews, W9 Randolph Mews is a road in the W9 postcode area
Randolph Road, W9 Randolph Road is a road in the W9 postcode area
Ranelagh Bridge, W2 Ranelagh Bridge is a road in the W2 postcode area
Rowington Close, W2 Rowington Close probably dates from 1962.
Senior Street, W2 Senior Street has a long history of over 150 years.
Sheldon Square, W2 Sheldon Square is a street in Paddington.
Swanleys, W2 Swanleys was built east of St Stephen’s Church in 1978.
The Colonnades, W2 The Colonnades is in Porchester Square.
Torquay Street, W2 Torquay Street underwent name changes and building changes.
Warwick Avenue, W9 Warwick Road was named in 1840, later to become Warwick Avenue.
Warwick Crescent, W2 Warwick Crescent lies along a southern edge of the Little Venice Pool.
Warwick Place, W9 Warwick Place is a street in Maida Vale.
Waverley Road, W2 Waverley Road, now gone, lasted just over a hundred years.
Westbourne Court, W2 Westbourne Court stood at the corner of Orsett Terrace and Westbourne Terrace by 1938.
Westbourne Gardens, W2 Westbourne Gardens is a street in Paddington.
Westbourne Grove Terrace, W2 Runs north from Westbourne Grove.
Westbourne Park Road, W2 Houses at the Paddington end of Westbourne Park Road date from the 1850s.
Westbourne Park Villas, W2 Westbourne Park Villas is a street in Paddington.
Westbourne Terrace Mews, W2 Westbourne Terrace Mews is a road in the W2 postcode area
Westbourne Terrace Road, W2 Westbourne Terrace Road is a street in Paddington.
Westbourne Terrace, W2 Westbourne Terrace was an idea of George Gutch the builder.
Westway, W2 At its opening, Westway was the largest continuous concrete structure in Britain.
Woodchester Square, W2 Woodchester Square is a street in Paddington.
Woodchester Street, W2 Woodchester Street disappeared from the map in 1961.

NEARBY PUBS
Great Western The Great Western was a pub in Hampden Street.
Royal Oak The Royal Oak pub gave its name to the nearby station.
Spotted Dog The Spotted Dog public house was one of the earliest buildings in Westbourne Green.


Paddington

The first underground railway station in the world ran from Paddington on 10 January 1863 as the terminus of the Metropolitan Railway’s route from Farringdon.

The first Metropolitan station opened as Paddington (Bishop’s Road) but Paddington station, designed by the celebrated engineer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel had long been the London end of the Great Western Railway.

Paddington had been an important town west of London before it was engulfed by the metropolis. It was first a medieval parish, then a metropolitan borough and finally integrated with Westminster and Greater London in 1965. Also found in Paddington are St Mary’s Hospital (where penicillin was first discovered) and the former Paddington Green Police Station - once the most important high-security police station in the United Kingdom.

Alan Turing, the pioneer mathematician was born in Warrington Crescent.

Fictionally, Paddington Station has a display case showing Paddington Bear, a character of children’s fiction who, in the book, is first discovered at this station and hence named after it.

Paddington mainline railway station has a commuter service serving stations west of London, a mainline service to Oxford, Bristol, Bath, Taunton, Devon, Cornwall and South Wales. The Elizabeth Line now runs through, inheriting the express rail line to Heathrow Airport.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Notting Hill
TUM image id: 1510169244
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Bayswater Conduit in 1798.
TUM image id: 1490459429
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Bayswater Road
TUM image id: 1552860722
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Chilworth Street, W2
TUM image id: 1483806751
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Sutherland Avenue, W9
TUM image id: 1453139016
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In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
This photo from 6 August 1857 shows guests at the wedding at Westbourne Lodge, Paddington of the Reverend Frederick Manners Stopford to Florence Augusta Saunders, daughter of Charles Saunders, first general secretary of the Great Western Railway. Isambard Kingdom Brunel was amongst the guests. During the wedding, both Brunel and Saunders were able to experience trains running beside the wedding party along the railway which they had built.
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Mrs Siddons house at Westbourne Green c. 1800
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The Royal Oak pub in Bayswater gave its name to the nearby station
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Bourne Terrace - taken from Torquay Street. On the corner of Bourne Terrace is Saws Ltd at number 264 along with various blocks which no longer exist.
Credit: Bernard Selwwyn
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Chilworth Street, W2
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Cirencester Street, W2 The streets length was curtailed when the Warwick Estate was built.
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Lord Hills Road at the junction with Senior Street
Credit: Historic England
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Sutherland Avenue, W9
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The picture painted to show the opening of canal in 1801 clearly shows the embankment over the Westbourne valley
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Amberley Mews - "The Blue Lamp"
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